How to format your references using the Clinical Breast Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Breast Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Chong Y. Optical devices: photonic insulators with a twist. Nature. 2013;496(7444):173-174.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK. Unravelling the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Nature. 2007;448(7152):427-434.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hulleman F, van Kerkwijk MH, Kulkarni SR. An optical counterpart to the anomalous X-ray pulsar 4U0142+61. Nature. 2000;408(6813):689-692.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
He C, Dong S, Santosh M, Chen X. Seismic Evidence for a Geosuture between the Yangtze and Cathaysia Blocks, South China. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2200.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stacey WM. Fusion Plasma Physics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Hameurlain A, Küng J, Wagner R, Liddle SW, Schewe K-D, Zhou X, eds. Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems VI: Special Issue on Database- and Expert-Systems Applications. Vol 7600. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Biollay Y, Chaabouni A, Stubbe J. Funzioni. In: Chaabouni A, Stubbe J, Quarteroni A, eds. Matematica Si Parte!: Nozioni Di Base Ed Esercizi per Il Primo Anno Di Ingegneria. UNITEXT. Milano: Springer; 2007:67-77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Breast Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Why Are Some Exploding Stars Fleeing Their Galaxies? IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/why-are-exploding-stars-fleeing-their-galaxies/. Published August 16, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Preliminary Analysis of Progress and Challenges Associated with the Transformation of the National Airspace System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Friedman DE. Characterization of Organic Matter in Suspended Sediments Via Pyrolysis and Oxidation. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Looking for a Good Word About the Car Alarm. New York Times. March 16, 2003:147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Breast Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Breast Cancer
ISSN (print)1526-8209
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

Other styles