How to format your references using the Clinical Breast Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Breast Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Evans DAD. Proterozoic low orbital obliquity and axial-dipolar geomagnetic field from evaporite palaeolatitudes. Nature. 2006;444(7115):51-55.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Johansson LC, Norberg RA. Delta-wing function of webbed feet gives hydrodynamic lift for swimming propulsion in birds. Nature. 2003;424(6944):65-68.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zahidi EM, Oudghiri-Hassani H, McBreen PH. Formation of thermally stable alkylidene layers on a catalytically active surface. Nature. 2001;409(6823):1023-1026.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zelcer N, Hong C, Boyadjian R, Tontonoz P. LXR regulates cholesterol uptake through Idol-dependent ubiquitination of the LDL receptor. Science. 2009;325(5936):100-104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Turner JR, Durham TA. Integrated Cardiac Safety: Assessment Methodologies for Noncardiac Drugs in Discovery, Development, and Postmarketing Surveillance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Gheorghe A, Muresan L, eds. Energy Security: International and Local Issues, Theoretical Perspectives, and Critical Energy Infrastructures. Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Foruria EV. The Participation of Autonomous Communities in the Central Bodies of State. In: López-Basaguren A, Escajedo San Epifanio L, eds. The Ways of Federalism in Western Countries and the Horizons of Territorial Autonomy in Spain: Volume 2. Springer; 2013:63-81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Breast Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. The Science of Strawberries: Why do They Taste so Good? IFLScience. Published July 7, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/science-strawberries-why-do-they-taste-so-good/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Denver International Airport: Baggage Handling, Contracting, and Other Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Davis K. Manifesting archetypal energy through music. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J. Allegories of 2 Boroughs Prepare for a Homecoming. New York Times. December 21, 2016:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Breast Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Breast Cancer
ISSN (print)1526-8209
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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