How to format your references using the Clinical Breast Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Breast Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buzsáki G. Neuroscience. Similar is different in hippocampal networks. Science. 2005;309(5734):568-569.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raman KV, Moodera JS. Materials chemistry: A magnetic facelift for non-magnetic metals. Nature. 2015;524(7563):42-43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poolman B, Geertsma ER, Slotboom DJ. Biochemistry. A missing link in membrane protein evolution. Science. 2007;315(5816):1229-1231.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shin JS, Ebersold M, Pypaert M, Delamarre L, Hartley A, Mellman I. Surface expression of MHC class II in dendritic cells is controlled by regulated ubiquitination. Nature. 2006;444(7115):115-118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan NH. Time Series: Applications to Finance with R and S-Plus®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Cuellar J, Lopez J, Barthe G, Pretschner A, eds. Security and Trust Management: 6th International Workshop, STM 2010, Athens, Greece, September 23-24, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 6710. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke A. Designing for Outside the Box. In: Boulton M, Clarke A, Collison S, et al., eds. Web Standards Creativity: Innovations in Web Design with XHTML, CSS, and DOM Scripting. Apress; 2007:78-107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Breast Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew E. Cybersecurity’s Weakest Link: Humans. IFLScience. Published May 6, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Assessment of the Commerce Department’s Report on Worker Demand and Supply. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borgman GA. Loneliness and the Hermitic Psyche. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Elena Obraztsova, 75, Jewel of the Bolshoi Opera, Is Dead. New York Times. January 18, 2015:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Breast Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Breast Cancer
ISSN (print)1526-8209
ScopeCancer Research

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