How to format your references using the Clinical Breast Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Breast Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
O’Brien JL. Physics. Precision without entanglement. Science. 2007;318(5855):1393-1394.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Santolík O, Chum J. Planetary science. The origin of plasmaspheric hiss. Science. 2009;324(5928):729-730.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ohmoto H, Watanabe Y, Kumazawa K. Evidence from massive siderite beds for a CO2-rich atmosphere before approximately 1.8 billion years ago. Nature. 2004;429(6990):395-399.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ryan KM, Ernst MK, Rice NR, Vousden KH. Role of NF-kappaB in p53-mediated programmed cell death. Nature. 2000;404(6780):892-897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Killops S, Killops V. Introduction to Organic Geochemistry. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Awrejcewicz J, ed. Modeling, Simulation and Control of Nonlinear Engineering Dynamical Systems: State-of-the-Art, Perspectives and Applications. Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sobecki J, Żatuchin D. Knowledge and Data Processing in a Process of Website Quality Evaluation. In: Nguyen NT, Katarzyniak RP, Janiak A, eds. New Challenges in Computational Collective Intelligence. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer; 2009:51-61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Breast Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Watch SpaceX’s Emergency Pad Abort Test. IFLScience. Published May 27, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-spacexs-emergency-pad-abort-test/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Human Capital Challenges Require Management Attention. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hawkins AJ. Measurement of the spacial distribution of heat exchange in a geothermal analog bedrock site using fiber-otic distributed temperature sensing. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Weaver MA. Why Do They Go? New York Times. April 14, 2015:MM42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Breast Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Breast Cancer
ISSN (print)1526-8209
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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