How to format your references using the Aggression and Violent Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aggression and Violent Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chicurel, M. (2002). Genome analysis at your fingertips. Nature, 419(6908), 751, 753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reid, G., & Flonta, M. L. (2001). Physiology. Cold current in thermoreceptive neurons. Nature, 413(6855), 480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Semenov, V., Dyadechkin, S., & Punsly, B. (2004). Simulations of jets driven by black hole rotation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5686), 978–980.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pauly, N., Knight, M. R., Thuleau, P., van der Luit, A. H., Moreau, M., Trewavas, A. J., Ranjeva, R., & Mazars, C. (2000). Control of free calcium in plant cell nuclei. Nature, 405(6788), 754–755.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaul, S., Ali, F., Janakiram, S., & Wattenström, B. (2008). Business Models for Sustainable Telecoms Growth in Developing Economies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Burkov, V. N. (2015). Control Mechanisms for Ecological-Economic Systems (D. A. Novikov & A. V. Shchepkin, Eds.; Vol. 10). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rafajłowicz, W. (2013). Method of Handling Constraints in Differential Evolution Using Fletcher’s Filter. In L. Rutkowski, M. Korytkowski, R. Scherer, R. Tadeusiewicz, L. A. Zadeh, & J. M. Zurada (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 12th International Conference, ICAISC 2013, Zakopane, Poland, June 9-13, 2013, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 46–55). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aggression and Violent Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 2). Breaking The Link Between A Conservative Worldview And Climate Skepticism. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Federal Transit Benefit Program: DOT’s Debit-Card Internal Controls Are Designed to Be Consistent with Federal Standards (GAO-15-497). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao, L. (2017). Mathematical Modeling of Long-Term Productivity of Hydraulic- and HEG- Fractured Wells in Ultra-Low Permeability Reservoirs [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Davenport, C. (2017, May 26). World Leaders Increase Pressure on Trump to Stay in the Paris Climate Deal. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chicurel, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Chicurel, 2002; Reid & Flonta, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reid & Flonta, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Semenov et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pauly et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAggression and Violent Behavior
AbbreviationAggress. Violent Behav.
ISSN (print)1359-1789
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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