How to format your references using the Aggression and Violent Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aggression and Violent Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scully, T. (2013). Sleep. Nature, 497(7450), S1-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
McBrearty, S., & Jablonski, N. G. (2005). First fossil chimpanzee. Nature, 437(7055), 105–108.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baier, D. B., Gatesy, S. M., & Jenkins, F. A. (2007). A critical ligamentous mechanism in the evolution of avian flight. Nature, 445(7125), 307–310.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lodahl, P., Floris Van Driel, A., Nikolaev, I. S., Irman, A., Overgaag, K., Vanmaekelbergh, D., & Vos, W. L. (2004). Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals. Nature, 430(7000), 654–657.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B. (2016). Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hell, J. W., & Ehlers, M. D. (Eds.). (2008). Structural And Functional Organization Of The Synapse. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, L., & Biswas, S. (2012). Digital Curvatures Applied to 3D Object Analysis and Recognition: A Case Study. In R. P. Barneva, V. E. Brimkov, & J. K. Aggarwal (Eds.), Combinatorial Image Analaysis: 15th International Workshop, IWCIA 2012, Austin, TX, USA, November 28-30, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 45–58). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aggression and Violent Behavior.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 23). Here’s What Scientists Found When They Opened A Cave That Had Been Isolated For More Than Five Million Years. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Unified Motor Carrier Fee System: Progress Made but Challenges to Implementing New System Remain (No. GAO-07-771R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colker, J. O. (2008). A grounded theory approach to developing a theory of leadership through a case study of ShoreBank (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meacham, J. (2016, October 15). The Grace of George H.W. Bush. New York Times, p. SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scully, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (McBrearty & Jablonski, 2005; Scully, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McBrearty & Jablonski, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Baier, Gatesy, & Jenkins, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lodahl et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAggression and Violent Behavior
AbbreviationAggress. Violent Behav.
ISSN (print)1359-1789
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles