How to format your references using the Aggression and Violent Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aggression and Violent Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rampling, J. (2014). Tudor technology: Shakespeare and science. Nature, 508(7494), 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsai, L., & Barnea, G. (2014). A critical period defined by axon-targeting mechanisms in the murine olfactory bulb. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6180), 197–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lai, Y.-T., Cascio, D., & Yeates, T. O. (2012). Structure of a 16-nm cage designed by using protein oligomers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6085), 1129.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vlasov, Y. A., O’Boyle, M., Hamann, H. F., & McNab, S. J. (2005). Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides. Nature, 438(7064), 65–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, B.-C. (2008). Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Applications in Radar Image Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tilley-Lubbs, G. A., & Calva, S. B. (Eds.). (2016). Re-Telling Our Stories: Critical Autoethnographic Narratives. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Collignon, T. P., & van Gijzen, M. B. (2010). Parallel Scientific Computing on Loosely Coupled Networks of Computers. In B. Koren & K. Vuik (Eds.), Advanced Computational Methods in Science and Engineering (pp. 79–106). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aggression and Violent Behavior.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, November 9). “Oscars Of Science” Awarded At Star-Studded Awards Ceremony. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Railroad Safety: Engineer Work Shift Length and Schedule Variability (T-RCED-92-68). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volle, M. (2017). Exploring the relationship of meetings to organizational culture and values [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, September 5). Sprinter in 1988 Olympic Scandal Denounces Doping. New York Times, B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rampling, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Rampling, 2014; Tsai & Barnea, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsai & Barnea, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Lai et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vlasov et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAggression and Violent Behavior
AbbreviationAggress. Violent Behav.
ISSN (print)1359-1789
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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