How to format your references using the Aggression and Violent Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aggression and Violent Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H. (2006). Liquid fuel synthesis: making it up as you go along. Nature, 444(7120), 677–678.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sczepanski, J. T., & Joyce, G. F. (2014). A cross-chiral RNA polymerase ribozyme. Nature, 515(7527), 440–442.
A journal article with 3 authors
Faller, M., Niederweis, M., & Schulz, G. E. (2004). The structure of a mycobacterial outer-membrane channel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5661), 1189–1192.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Michel, F. M., Ehm, L., Antao, S. M., Lee, P. L., Chupas, P. J., Liu, G., Strongin, D. R., Schoonen, M. A. A., Phillips, B. L., & Parise, J. B. (2007). The structure of ferrihydrite, a nanocrystalline material. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5832), 1726–1729.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alhabeeb, M. J. (2012). Mathematical Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Faletra, F. F. (2010). Atlas of Real Time 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography (S. Castro, N. G. Pandian, I. Kronzon, H.-J. Nesser, & S. Yen Ho, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kohara, Y., & Yanai, K. (2013). Visual Analysis of Tag Co-occurrence on Nouns and Adjectives. In S. Li, A. E. Saddik, M. Wang, T. Mei, N. Sebe, S. Yan, R. Hong, & C. Gurrin (Eds.), Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 19th International Conference, MMM 2013, Huangshan, China, January 7-9, 2013, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 47–57). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aggression and Violent Behavior.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 15). Puppy Swallows Tube Of Glue Creating A Perfect Mold Of Its Stomach. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Commercial Aviation: Factors Affecting Efforts to Improve Air Service at Small Community Airports (GAO-03-330). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perry, E. M. (2010). Live and let live: Negotiating difference in a diverse urban neighborhood [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, September 25). A Flock of Shylocks Descends .. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Ledford, 2006; Sczepanski & Joyce, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sczepanski & Joyce, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Faller et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Michel et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAggression and Violent Behavior
AbbreviationAggress. Violent Behav.
ISSN (print)1359-1789
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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