How to format your references using the Inventions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inventions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kane, G. Particle physics is at a turning point. Nature 2011, 480, 415.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coles, P.; Chiang, L.Y. Characterizing the nonlinear growth of large-scale structure in the Universe. Nature 2000, 406, 376–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fitch, J.P.; Raber, E.; Imbro, D.R. Technology challenges in responding to biological or chemical attacks in the civilian sector. Science 2003, 302, 1350–1354.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, X.; Cai, Z.; Li, Y.; Zhang, Y. Design and construction of a non-natural malate to 1,2,4-butanetriol pathway creates possibility to produce 1,2,4-butanetriol from glucose. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’homme, R. Flows and Chemical Reactions; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118561584.
An edited book
Representation Theory and Automorphic Forms; Kobayashi, T., Schmid, W., Yang, J.-H., Eds.; Progress in Mathematics; Birkhäuser: Boston, MA, 2008; Vol. 255; ISBN 9780817645052.
A chapter in an edited book
Tamás, C.; Tibor, L. Horizontal Homogeneity and Vertical Heterogeneity of Building Up in Budapest. In Settlement Morphology of Budapest; Tibor, L., Ed.; Springer Geography; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 67–71 ISBN 9783319283630.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inventions.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Pesticide Residues On Fruit And Veg Could Affect Sperm Health (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Fleets: Overall Increase in Number of Vehicles Masks That Some Agencies Decreased Their Fleets; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds, P.E. Learning the Ropes: A Grounded Theory Study of Children Crossing Cultures. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University: Scottsdale, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. A Show That Scares With Politics, Not Just Killer Clowns. New York Times 2017, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInventions
ISSN (online)2411-5134

Other styles