How to format your references using the ChemTexts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ChemTexts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ranganathan R (2007) Biochemistry. Signaling across the cell membrane. Science 318:1253–1254
A journal article with 2 authors
Adler SL, Bassi A (2009) Physics. Is quantum theory exact? Science 325:275–276
A journal article with 3 authors
French S, Lekic V, Romanowicz B (2013) Waveform tomography reveals channeled flow at the base of the oceanic asthenosphere. Science 342:227–230
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Baena-González E, Rolland F, Thevelein JM, Sheen J (2007) A central integrator of transcription networks in plant stress and energy signalling. Nature 448:938–942

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tobias J, Hochhauser D (2014) Cancer and its Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Keller HB, Plödereder E, Dencker P, Klenk H (2013) Reliable Software Technologies – Ada-Europe 2013: 18th Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Berlin, Germany, June 10-14, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Aitken C, Stephenson C, Brinkworth R (2010) Process Classification Frameworks. In: vom Brocke J, Rosemann M (eds) Handbook on Business Process Management 2: Strategic Alignment, Governance, People and Culture. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ChemTexts.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) This Sightless Invertebrate Is Probably Doing More To Fight Climate Change Than You. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) International Aviation: Competition Issues in the U.S.-U.K. Market. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward CS (2012) Movin’ Around. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) To Soccer Fan, Train Whistle Hits Perfect Pitch. New York Times SP8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemTexts
ISSN (online)2199-3793

Other styles