How to format your references using the ChemTexts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ChemTexts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kauer JS (2002) On the scents of smell in the salamander. Nature 417:336–342
A journal article with 2 authors
Horvath P, Barrangou R (2010) CRISPR/Cas, the immune system of bacteria and archaea. Science 327:167–170
A journal article with 3 authors
Young IR, Zieger S, Babanin AV (2011) Global trends in wind speed and wave height. Science 332:451–455
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rumyantsev V, Fedorov S, Gumennyk K, et al (2014) Exciton-like electromagnetic excitations in non-ideal microcavity supercrystals. Sci Rep 4:6945

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris M (2011) Concise Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Talbi E-G, Liardet P, Collet P, et al (2006) Artificial Evolution: 7th International Conference, Evolution Artificielle, EA 2005, Lille, France, October 26-28, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Olmo GJ (2016) Nonsingular Black Holes in Palatini Extensions of General Relativity. In: Kallosh R, Orazi E (eds) Theoretical Frontiers in Black Holes and Cosmology: Theoretical Perspective in High Energy Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 183–219

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ChemTexts.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Science Is Best When The Data Is An Open Book. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Meeting the Aviation Challenges of the 1990s: Experts Define Key Problems and Identify Emerging Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adetunji OO (2008) The Nature of Electronic States in Conducting Polymer Nano-Networks. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu W, Remnick N (2015) Belated Focus on Prime Suspect in an Outbreak. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemTexts
ISSN (online)2199-3793

Other styles