How to format your references using the ChemTexts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ChemTexts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wu R (2004) Making an impact. Nature 428:206–207
A journal article with 2 authors
Seeley RJ, Sandoval DA (2011) Neuroscience: weight loss through smoking. Nature 475:176–177
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen SB, Stephenson R, Thomsen E (2007) Dynamics of Mid-Palaeocene North Atlantic rifting linked with European intra-plate deformations. Nature 450:1071–1074
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Song MS, Salmena L, Carracedo A, et al (2008) The deubiquitinylation and localization of PTEN are regulated by a HAUSP-PML network. Nature 455:813–817

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott DW (2008) Color Atlas of Farm Animal Dermatology. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Pickett STA, Cadenasso ML, McGrath B (2013) Resilience in Ecology and Urban Design: Linking Theory and Practice for Sustainable Cities. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Vlachou A, Doulkeridis C, Nørvåg K, Kotidis Y (2012) Similarity Search in Metric Spaces. In: Doulkeridis C, Nørvåg K, Kotidis Y (eds) Peer-to-Peer Query Processing over Multidimensional Data. Springer, New York, NY, pp 31–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ChemTexts.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) SpaceX Just Asked Permission To Launch 4,425 Satellites — More Than Currently Orbit Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Office of Personnel Management: Agency Needs to Improve Outcome Measures to Demonstrate the Value of Its Innovation Lab. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Page JA (2009) Contested urban space: Competing discourses of urban development and environmental conservation in Playa Vista, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by (2005) Arts, Briefly; Russian Officials Say Looted War Art Can Stay. New York Times E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemTexts
ISSN (online)2199-3793

Other styles