How to format your references using the ChemTexts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ChemTexts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeman N (2015) Use data to challenge mental-health stigma. Nature 528:309
A journal article with 2 authors
Lillard A, Else-Quest N (2006) The early years. Evaluating Montessori education. Science 313:1893–1894
A journal article with 3 authors
Curry R, Dickson B, Yashayaev I (2003) A change in the freshwater balance of the Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades. Nature 426:826–829
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dioum EM, Chen R, Alexander MS, et al (2009) Regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor 2alpha signaling by the stress-responsive deacetylase sirtuin 1. Science 324:1289–1293

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldstein LSB, Schneider M (2010) Stem Cells for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Feng J (2015) Index and Query Methods in Road Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Donnevert G, Uhlig S, Moser T (2009) Ring Test Data Evaluation. In: Moser H, Römbke J (eds) Ecotoxicological Characterization of Waste: Results and Experiences of an International Ring Test. Springer, New York, NY, pp 47–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ChemTexts.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Flatworm Reproduces by Using its Penis to Inject Sperm Into its Head. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Cooperative Research: Results of U.S.-Industry Partnership to Develop a New Generation of Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Youngbull NR (2017) The (Un)Success of American Indian Gates Millennium Scholars Within Institutions of Higher Education. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) Long-Ago Brooklyn Brewer Left Hidden Underground Vaults, and Mystery. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemTexts
ISSN (online)2199-3793

Other styles