How to format your references using the Intrinsically Disordered Proteins citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intrinsically Disordered Proteins. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hammond WC. Geophysics. The ghost of an earthquake. Science 2005; 310:1440–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schuppan D, Hahn EG. Biomedicine. Gluten and the gut-lessons for immune regulation. Science 2002; 297:2218–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bewley GP, Lathrop DP, Sreenivasan KR. Superfluid helium: visualization of quantized vortices. Nature 2006; 441:588.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stellamanns E, Uppaluri S, Hochstetter A, Heddergott N, Engstler M, Pfohl T. Optical trapping reveals propulsion forces, power generation and motility efficiency of the unicellular parasites Trypanosoma brucei brucei. Sci Rep 2014; 4:6515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bachmann H, Steinle A, Hahn V. Bauen mit Betonfertigteilen im Hochbau. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
Melmed S, Conn PM, editors. Endocrinology: Basic and Clinical Principles. Second Edition. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Kushalnagar R, Ramachandran V, Oh T. Tactile Captions: Augmenting Visual Captions. In: Miesenberger K, Fels D, Archambault D, Peňáz P, Zagler W, editors. Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 14th International Conference, ICCHP 2014, Paris, France, July 9-11, 2014, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. page 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intrinsically Disordered Proteins.

Blog post
Andrew E. Can’t We Just Remove Carbon Dioxide From The Air To Fix Climate Change? Not Yet [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Bilingual Education: Four Overlapping Programs Could Be Consolidated. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingsley SJ. Preschool teachers’ perceptions of factors influencing their referral decisions for young children with severe behavior problems. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. An Homage to France. New York Times2009; :NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntrinsically Disordered Proteins
AbbreviationIntrinsically Disord. Proteins
ISSN (online)2169-0707

Other styles