How to format your references using the IntraVital citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IntraVital. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Service RF. NUCLEAR SCIENCE: DOE Drops Plan to Restart Reactor. Science 2000; 290:1666b–7b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Que L Jr, Tolman WB. Biologically inspired oxidation catalysis. Nature 2008; 455:333–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Asbury CL, Fehr AN, Block SM. Kinesin moves by an asymmetric hand-over-hand mechanism. Science 2003; 302:2130–4.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Dasgupta S, Rajapakshe K, Zhu B, Nikolai BC, Yi P, Putluri N, Choi JM, Jung SY, Coarfa C, Westbrook TF, et al. Metabolic enzyme PFKFB4 activates transcriptional coactivator SRC-3 to drive breast cancer. Nature 2018; 556:249–54.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lado EP. The Common Fisheries Policy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Leon F. de Carvalho AP de, Rodríguez-González S, Paz Santana JFD, Rodríguez JMC, editors. Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Symposium. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fazli S, Suk H-I, Lee S-W, Müller K-R. Multifrequency Analysis of Brain-Computer Interfaces. In: Lee S-W, Bülthoff HH, Müller K-R, editors. Recent Progress in Brain and Cognitive Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. page 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IntraVital.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Bearded Dragons Can Change The Color Of Specific Body Parts. IFLScience2016;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Traffic and Vehicle Safety: Reauthorization Offers Opportunities to Extend Recent Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jalali Farahani B. Adaptive Digital Calibration Techniques for High Speed, High Resolution Sigma Delta ADCs for Broadband Wireless Applications. 2005;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Prochnik G. I’m Thinking. Please. Be Quiet. New York Times2013; :SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntraVital
AbbreviationIntravital
ISSN (print)2165-9079
ISSN (online)2165-9087
Scope

Other styles