How to format your references using the IntraVital citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IntraVital. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bowler PJ. Portraits of science. Climb Chimborazo and see the world. Science 2002; 298:63–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kelleher RJ 3rd, Shen J. Genetics. Gamma-secretase and human disease. Science 2010; 330:1055–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Frey S, Richter RP, Görlich D. FG-rich repeats of nuclear pore proteins form a three-dimensional meshwork with hydrogel-like properties. Science 2006; 314:815–7.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Silva J, Chambers I, Pollard S, Smith A. Nanog promotes transfer of pluripotency after cell fusion. Nature 2006; 441:997–1001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Elias H-G. Macromolecules. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Ellis R, Allen T, Petridis M, editors. Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XV: Proceedings of AI-2007, the Twenty-seventh SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence. London: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Carpenter JE, Bloem S, Marec F. Inherited Sterility in Insects. In: Dyck VA, Hendrichs J, Robinson AS, editors. Sterile Insect Technique: Principles and Practice in Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. page 115–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IntraVital.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. China Refuels Satellite In Space For The First Time [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/china-refuels-satellite-in-space-for-the-first-time/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Monitoring Practices To Show Compliance With Speed Limits Should Be Reexamined. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Solorzano E. A mindfulness-based psycho-educational group for caregivers of older adults: A grant proposal. 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Starless Dreams. New York Times2017; :C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntraVital
AbbreviationIntravital
ISSN (print)2165-9079
ISSN (online)2165-9087
Scope

Other styles