How to format your references using the IntraVital citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IntraVital. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kostelecký VA. Precision measurement: Relativity tested with a split electron. Nature 2015; 517:559–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Western D, Behrensmeyer AK. Bone assemblages track animal community structure over 40 years in an African savanna ecosystem. Science 2009; 324:1061–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Grassly NC, Fraser C, Garnett GP. Host immunity and synchronized epidemics of syphilis across the United States. Nature 2005; 433:417–21.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Gleckler PJ, Wigley TML, Santer BD, Gregory JM, Achutarao K, Taylor KE. Volcanoes and climate: Krakatoa’s signature persists in the ocean. Nature 2006; 439:675.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Baines P, Ferraro J, Rogers P. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing 1660 - 1789. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Refsdal A. Cyber-Risk Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hoch EN, Ben-Or M, Dolev D. A Fault-Resistant Asynchronous Clock Function. In: Dolev S, Cobb J, Fischer M, Yung M, editors. Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems: 12th International Symposium, SSS 2010, New York, NY, USA, September 20-22, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. page 19–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IntraVital.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Chimps Adapt to Life in Degraded, Human-Dominated Areas [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/chimps-adapt-life-degraded-human-dominated-areas/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Factors Affecting Concentration in the Airline Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bilbrey J. The Positive Effects Extrinsic Motivation Can Have on Intrinsic Motivation in a Math Classroom. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hui M. In Organic-Hungry Hong Kong, Corn as High as an Elevator’s Climb. New York Times2012; :A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntraVital
AbbreviationIntravital
ISSN (print)2165-9079
ISSN (online)2165-9087
Scope

Other styles