How to format your references using the IntraVital citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IntraVital. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rogers KC. Nuclear research. The past and future of University research reactors. Science 2002; 295:2217–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Le Goff L, Lecuit T. Developmental biology. Phase transition in a cell. Science 2009; 324:1654–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Park GD, Ko YN, Kang YC. Electrochemical properties of cobalt hydroxychloride microspheres as a new anode material for Li-ion batteries. Sci Rep 2014; 4:5785.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Hu J, Dziumbla S, Lin J, Bibli S-I, Zukunft S, de Mos J, Awwad K, Frömel T, Jungmann A, Devraj K, et al. Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase prevents diabetic retinopathy. Nature 2017; 552:248–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bolstad WM. Understanding Computational Bayesian Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Sierra-Rodríguez J-L, Leal J-P, Simões A, editors. Languages, Applications and Technologies: 4th International Symposium, SLATE 2015, Madrid, Spain, June 18-19, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gao Y, Ma L, Wu X, Chen Z. From Keyframing to Motion Capture. In: Hommel G, Huanye S, editors. Human Interaction with Machines: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop held at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University, March 15–16, 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. page 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IntraVital.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Huge Underground “Ocean” Discovered Towards Earth’s Core [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/huge-underground-ocean-discovered-towards-earths-core/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Investment: Agencies Can Improve Performance, Reduce Costs, and Minimize Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Baumgarten DK. An Examination of the Relationship between Collegiate Student-Athlete’s Leadership Role in the Athletic Setting and Their Academic Success. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Brought Together by a Fight With Cancer and a Love of Baseball. New York Times2017; :D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntraVital
AbbreviationIntravital
ISSN (print)2165-9079
ISSN (online)2165-9087
Scope

Other styles