How to format your references using the Annals of Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Oullier O. Clear up this fuzzy thinking on brain scans. Nature 2012;483(7387):7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Heilbron JL, Bynum WF. 1901 and all that. Nature 2001;409(6816):13–16.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Roscioli JR, McCunn LR, Johnson MA. Quantum structure of the intermolecular proton bond. Science 2007;316(5822):249–254.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Raghavan S, Manzanillo P, Chan K, et al. Secreted transcription factor controls Mycobacterium tuberculosis virulence. Nature 2008;454(7205):717–721.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cremona C. Structural Performance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Ricci G, editor. Teoria dei numeri. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Afaq F, Mukhtar H. Botanical Antioxidants for Skin Protection: An Overview. In: Krutmann J, Humbert P, editors. Nutrition for Healthy Skin: Strategies for Clinical and Cosmetic Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011 p. 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Scientists Levitate Large Sphere Using Ultrasound [Internet]. IFLScience 2016;[cited 2018 Oct 30 ] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/scientists-levitate-large-sphere-using-ultrasound/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telephone Communications: Issues Affecting Rural Telephone Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Aguilar M. Latina single mothers: Perspectives on parenting. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J. ‘True Detective’ To Return on HBO. New York Times 2017;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Neurology
AbbreviationAnn. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0364-5134
ISSN (online)1531-8249
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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