How to format your references using the Annals of Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
DeWeerdt S. Genetics: written in blood. Nature 2013;498(7455):S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hammerl G, Spaldin N. Physics. Shedding light on oxide interfaces. Science 2011;332(6032):922–923.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pham TCT, Kim HS, Yoon KB. Growth of uniformly oriented silica MFI and BEA zeolite films on substrates. Science 2011;334(6062):1533–1538.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Li WH, Gu Z, Wang H, Nekrutenko A. Evolutionary analyses of the human genome. Nature 2001;409(6822):847–849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shore SN. The Tapestry of Modern Astrophysics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Zieliński M, Rami-Porta R, editors. The Transcervical Approach in Thoracic Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jackson T, Salamat B, Homescu A, et al. Compiler-Generated Software Diversity. In: Jajodia S, Ghosh AK, Swarup V, et al., editors. Moving Target Defense: Creating Asymmetric Uncertainty for Cyber Threats. New York, NY: Springer; 2011 p. 77–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. 12 Unimpressed Comments From Peer Reviewers [Internet]. IFLScience 2014;[cited 2018 Oct 30 ] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/my-peer-reviewer-said-what/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Weather Service Modernization: Despite Progress, Significant Problems and Risks Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jenkins D. Leadership Best Practices for Female Executives in the Information Technology Industry. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Endrst J. Hugh O’Brian, Dashing Leading Man Remembered for ‘Wyatt Earp,’ Dies at 91. New York Times 2016;B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Neurology
AbbreviationAnn. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0364-5134
ISSN (online)1531-8249
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

Other styles