How to format your references using the Annals of Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Powell K. Counting the cost. Nature 2005;434(7036):1048–1049.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lund ST, Bohlmann J. The molecular basis for wine grape quality--a volatile subject. Science 2006;311(5762):804–805.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Atsumi S, Hanai T, Liao JC. Non-fermentative pathways for synthesis of branched-chain higher alcohols as biofuels. Nature 2008;451(7174):86–89.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Huang J, Perez-Burgos L, Placek BJ, et al. Repression of p53 activity by Smyd2-mediated methylation. Nature 2006;444(7119):629–632.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Abran A. Software Project Estimation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Burckhardt P, Dawson-Hughes B, Weaver C, editors. Nutritional Influences on Bone Health. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rubbia C. Proton-Antiproton Colliders. In: Alvarez-Gaumé L, Mangano M, Tsesmelis E, editors. From the PS to the LHC - 50 Years of Nobel Memories in High-Energy Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012 p. 79–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Antibiotic-Free Treatment Could Tackle Drug-Resistant Bacteria [Internet]. IFLScience 2014;[cited 2018 Oct 30 ] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-antibiotic-free-treatment-could-tackle-drug-resistant-bacteria/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2010 Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ugwu RI. Perceptions of elementary teachers from an urban school district in Southern California regarding their inquiry-based science instructional practices, assessment methods, and professional development. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times 2017;C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Neurology
AbbreviationAnn. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0364-5134
ISSN (online)1531-8249
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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