How to format your references using the International Urology and Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Urology and Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zare RN (2006) Chemistry. Resonances in reaction dynamics. Science 311:1383–1385
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Overpeck J, Udall B (2010) Climate change. Dry times ahead. Science 328:1642–1643
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
McNally A, Prier CK, MacMillan DWC (2011) Discovery of an α-amino C-H arylation reaction using the strategy of accelerated serendipity. Science 334:1114–1117
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Qin W, Gong M, Shastry T, et al (2014) Charge-transfer induced magnetic field effects of nano-carbon heterojunctions. Sci Rep 4:6126

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bojowald M (2012) The Universe: A View from Classical and Quantum Gravity. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Cassez F, Jard C (2008) Formal Modeling and Analysis of Timed Systems: 6th International Conference, FORMATS 2008, Saint Malo, France, September 15-17, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sun Y, Fan H (2014) Event Identification from Georeferenced Images. In: Huerta J, Schade S, Granell C (eds) Connecting a Digital Europe Through Location and Place. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 73–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Urology and Nephrology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2016) Trees In Cities May Actually Increase Levels Of Pollution. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/trees-in-cities-may-actually-increase-levels-of-pollution-/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2014) Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Agencies Better Manage Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Goldstein J (2012) Murder in Colonial Albany: European and Indian Responses to Cross-Cultural Murders. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B (2016) Steelers Are Getting Their 2 Points’ Worth. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Urology and Nephrology
AbbreviationInt. Urol. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)0301-1623
ISSN (online)1573-2584
ScopeNephrology
Urology

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