How to format your references using the International Urology and Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Urology and Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Savage PE (2012) Chemistry. Algae under pressure and in hot water. Science 338:1039–1040
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Galant R, Carroll SB (2002) Evolution of a transcriptional repression domain in an insect Hox protein. Nature 415:910–913
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wilson AH, Shirey SB, Carlson RW (2003) Archaean ultra-depleted komatiites formed by hydrous melting of cratonic mantle. Nature 423:858–861
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Wang W, Thornton K, Berry A, Long M (2002) Nucleotide variation along the Drosophila melanogaster fourth chromosome. Science 295:134–137

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tsui JB-Y (2004) Fundamentals of Global Positioning System Receivers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Bonato V, Bouganis C, Gorgon M (2016) Applied Reconfigurable Computing: 12th International Symposium, ARC 2016 Mangaratiba, RJ, Brazil, March 22–24, 2016 Proceedings, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vidal S, Petitot M, Boulier F, et al (2012) Models of Stochastic Gene Expression and Weyl Algebra. In: Horimoto K, Nakatsui M, Popov N (eds) Algebraic and Numeric Biology: 4th International Conference, ANB 2010, Hagenberg, Austria, July 31- August 2, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 76–97

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Urology and Nephrology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Turn Your Phone Into A Cosmic Ray Detector. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/your-phone-already-cosmic-ray-detector/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1999) Federal Research: Peer Review Practices at Federal Science Agencies Vary. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kraynik MJ (2009) Perceptions of U.S. Navy managers toward telecommuting as a management approach: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B (2016) Fourth Passer? Jets May Go Deep. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Urology and Nephrology
AbbreviationInt. Urol. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)0301-1623
ISSN (online)1573-2584
ScopeNephrology
Urology

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