How to format your references using the Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amelin, Y. (2005). Meteorite phosphates show constant 176Lu decay rate since 4557 million years ago. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5749), 839–841.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, X., & Huang, B. (2014). Computational study of in-plane phonon transport in Si thin films. Scientific Reports, 4, 6399.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davidson, E. A., Trumbore, S. E., & Amundson, R. (2000). Soil warming and organic carbon content. Nature, 408(6814), 789–790.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bournaud, F., Duc, P.-A., Brinks, E., Boquien, M., Amram, P., Lisenfeld, U., … Charmandaris, V. (2007). Missing mass in collisional debris from galaxies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5828), 1166–1169.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kang, S. (2012). Micro/Nano Replication. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kontar, Y. A., Santiago-Fandiño, V., & Takahashi, T. (Eds.). (2014). Tsunami Events and Lessons Learned: Environmental and Societal Significance (Vol. 35). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, X., Gu, W., Schosek, K., Chellappan, S., & Xuan, D. (2005). Sensor Network Configuration Under Physical Attacks. In X. Lu & W. Zhao (Eds.), Networking and Mobile Computing: Third International Conference, ICCNMC 2005, Zhangjiajie, China, August 2-4, 2005. Proceedings (pp. 23–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 13). Does A Mum’s Diet During Pregnancy Influence Her Baby’s Food Preferences? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Automated Information Systems Security in Federal Civil Agencies (No. 128301). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dao, L.-A. T. (2017). Comparison of peripherally inserted intravenous catheter complication prevalence: Before and after changing a 96-hour routine replacement standard (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, October 4). Do More Guns Really Mean Fewer Gun Murders? Not Exactly. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amelin, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Amelin, 2005; Wang & Huang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Huang, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Davidson, Trumbore, & Amundson, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bournaud et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Genet. Eng. Rev.
ISSN (print)0264-8725
ISSN (online)2046-5556
Molecular Biology

Other styles