How to format your references using the Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2000). NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY: Element 107 Leaves the Table Unturned. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5483), 1270.
A journal article with 2 authors
Papke, R. T., & Gogarten, J. P. (2012). Ecology. How bacterial lineages emerge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6077), 45–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fahrner, K. A., Ryu, W. S., & Berg, H. C. (2003). Biomechanics: bacterial flagellar switching under load. Nature, 423(6943), 938.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Goto-Inoue, N., Yamada, K., Inagaki, A., Furuichi, Y., Ogino, S., Manabe, Y., Setou, M., & Fujii, N. L. (2013). Lipidomics analysis revealed the phospholipid compositional changes in muscle by chronic exercise and high-fat diet. Scientific Reports, 3, 3267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khoei, A. R. (2014). Extended Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vinh, P. C., Hung, N. M., Tung, N. T., & Suzuki, J. (Eds.). (2013). Context-Aware Systems and Applications: First International Conference, ICCASA 2012, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 26-27, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 109). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hilton, M., Nelson, N., McDonald, H., McDonald, S., Metoyer, R., & Dig, D. (2016). TDDViz: Using Software Changes to Understand Conformance to Test Driven Development. In H. Sharp & T. Hall (Eds.), Agile Processes, in Software Engineering, and Extreme Programming: 17th International Conference, XP 2016, Edinburgh, UK, May 24-27, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 53–65). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 7). Play Video Games, Advance Science. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Examination into the Increase in Cost of the Lunar-Roving Vehicles Being Manufactured by the Boeing Company (B-171977). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy, B. A. (2010). Mentoring’s critical components: Four traditional teachers’, four alternate -route teachers’, and four mentors’ perspectives [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, M. (2017, June 6). Trump Treads Into Feud Between Qatar and Saudis. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Papke & Gogarten, 2012; Service, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Papke & Gogarten, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Fahrner et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Goto-Inoue et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Genet. Eng. Rev.
ISSN (print)0264-8725
ISSN (online)2046-5556
Molecular Biology

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