How to format your references using the Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sommer, M. O. A. (2014). Microbiology: Barriers to the spread of resistance. Nature, 509(7502), 567–568.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, S., & Zarin, D. (2013). Environmental science. What does zero deforestation mean? Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6160), 805–807.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ranganathan, R., Cannon, S. C., & Horvitz, H. R. (2000). MOD-1 is a serotonin-gated chloride channel that modulates locomotory behaviour in C. elegans. Nature, 408(6811), 470–475.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Takayama, S., Shimosato, H., Shiba, H., Funato, M., Che, F. S., Watanabe, M., Iwano, M., & Isogai, A. (2001). Direct ligand-receptor complex interaction controls Brassica self-incompatibility. Nature, 413(6855), 534–538.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diels, J.-C., & Arissian, L. (2011). Lasers. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dediu, A.-H., Martín-Vide, C., Mitkov, R., & Truthe, B. (Eds.). (2013). Statistical Language and Speech Processing: First International Conference, SLSP 2013, Tarragona, Spain, July 29-31, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7978). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Davidson, R., Schneider, P. J., & Muthukumar, S. (2008). Perspectives on Development and Current Applications for Catastrophe Planning. In A. Bostrom, S. French, & S. Gottlieb (Eds.), Risk Assessment, Modeling and Decision Support: Strategic Directions (pp. 117–133). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 25). Traces of Neanderthal Virus DNA Found in Modern Human Genomes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Comments on H.R. 16443 (No. 094452). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ploehs, J. R. (2009). The literacy benefits of middle school tutors who tutor emergent readers [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
The following scouting report on the Oakland Athletics was prepared by Tom Kelly, The Manager of The, & with the editorial assistance of Michael Martinez. (1988, October 14). This Team Flattens Opponents. New York Times, D17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sommer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brown & Zarin, 2013; Sommer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown & Zarin, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Ranganathan et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Takayama et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Genet. Eng. Rev.
ISSN (print)0264-8725
ISSN (online)2046-5556
Molecular Biology

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