How to format your references using the Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Capel, B. (2014). Development. The minimalist Y. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6166), 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ito, T., & Simons, M. (2011). Probing asthenospheric density, temperature, and elastic moduli below the western United States. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6032), 947–951.
A journal article with 3 authors
Delamarre, L., Mellman, I., & Yadav, M. (2015). Cancer immunotherapy. Neo approaches to cancer vaccines. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6236), 760–761.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
McNamara, C., Zinkernagel, A. S., Macheboeuf, P., Cunningham, M. W., Nizet, V., & Ghosh, P. (2008). Coiled-coil irregularities and instabilities in group A Streptococcus M1 are required for virulence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5868), 1405–1408.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin, E. (2013). Investigative Computer Forensics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cherubini, U., Durante, F., & Mulinacci, S. (Eds.). (2015). Marshall ̶ Olkin Distributions - Advances in Theory and Applications: Bologna, Italy, October 2013 (Vol. 141). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Flew, T. (2016). National Media Regulations in an Age of Convergent Media: Beyond Globalisation, Neo-liberalism and Internet Freedom Theories. In T. Flew, P. Iosifidis, & J. Steemers (Eds.), Global Media and National Policies: The Return of the State (pp. 75–91). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, March 29). How Wall Street Destroyed America’s Solar Industry. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). [Comments on Amtrak Labor Protection Issues] (B-277814). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arnold, D. M. (2017). An Examination of Job Satisfaction Among Full-Time Faculty in a Selected Mississippi Community College [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003, March 16). Reclaiming a Shabby Block of Maritime History. New York Times, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Capel, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Capel, 2014; Ito & Simons, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ito & Simons, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Delamarre et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (McNamara et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Genet. Eng. Rev.
ISSN (print)0264-8725
ISSN (online)2046-5556
Molecular Biology

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