How to format your references using the Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2000). US Congress encouraged to lay out the welcome mat for skilled foreigners. Nature, 405(6786), 597–598.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yao, T., & Cohen, R. E. (2002). A cryptic protease couples deubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome. Nature, 419(6905), 403–407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pocock, M. J. O., Evans, D. M., & Memmott, J. (2012). The robustness and restoration of a network of ecological networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6071), 973–977.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sato, T., Cheng, Y.-N., Wu, X.-C., Zelenitsky, D. K., & Hsiao, Y.-F. (2005). A pair of shelled eggs inside a female dinosaur. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5720), 375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambachtsheer, K. P. (2016). The Future of Pension Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hess, P. O. (2016). Pseudo-Complex General Relativity (M. Schäfer & W. Greiner, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilkinson, D. G. (2016). Practical Pharmacology of Memantine. In K. L. Davis, R. Blesa Gonzalez, & D. G. Wilkinson (Eds.), Practical Pharmacology for Alzheimer’s Disease (pp. 105–117). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 6). Another Chimpanzee Personhood Claim Fails, But There’s Hope Yet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Efforts of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and the Department of Labor to Develop and Issue Health Standards (No. 101950). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Urshel, C. L. (2006). The Technical Adequacy of Standards-Derived Curriculum-Based Measures for Reading Comprehension and Math Computation in Middle School [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2005, May 1). Americans Are Flocking to Canada’s Pristine Gulf Islands. New York Times, 1111.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon, 2000; Yao & Cohen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yao & Cohen, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Pocock et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sato et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Genet. Eng. Rev.
ISSN (print)0264-8725
ISSN (online)2046-5556
Molecular Biology

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