How to format your references using the International Urogynecology Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Urogynecology Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flower HM (2000) Electrochemistry. A moving oxygen story. Nature 407:305–306
A journal article with 2 authors
Heath RJ, Rock CO (2000) A triclosan-resistant bacterial enzyme. Nature 406:145–146
A journal article with 3 authors
Park I-U, Peacey MW, Munafò MR (2014) Modelling the effects of subjective and objective decision making in scientific peer review. Nature 506:93–96
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bashir T, Dorrello NV, Amador V, et al (2004) Control of the SCF(Skp2-Cks1) ubiquitin ligase by the APC/C(Cdh1) ubiquitin ligase. Nature 428:190–193

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen K, Guo X, Pan Y (2016) Multiple Biological Sequence Alignment: Scoring Functions, Algorithms and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sito G (2016) Hyperhidrosis: Clinician’s Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bendaoud M, Sarih M (2014) Additive Maps Preserving the Inner Local Spectral Radius. In: Cepedello Boiso M, Hedenmalm H, Kaashoek MA, et al (eds) Concrete Operators, Spectral Theory, Operators in Harmonic Analysis and Approximation: 22nd International Workshop in Operator Theory and its Applications, Sevilla, July 2011. Springer, Basel, pp 95–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Urogynecology Journal.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) 60% Of Primate Species Now Threatened With Extinction, Says Major New Study. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Interim Actions to Reduce Near Mid-Air Collisions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hakes CJ (2010) Off -campus work and its relationship to students’ experiences with faculty using the College Student Experiences Questionnaire. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember S (2017) An Era’s End. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Urogynecology Journal
AbbreviationInt. Urogynecol. J.
ISSN (print)0937-3462
ISSN (online)1433-3023
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles