How to format your references using the International Urogynecology Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Urogynecology Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Alverson K (2005) Watching over the world’s oceans. Nature 434:19–20
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rykaczewski RR, Dunne JP (2011) A measured look at ocean chlorophyll trends. Nature 472:E5-6; discussion E8-9
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Conrad CP, Steinberger B, Torsvik TH (2013) Stability of active mantle upwelling revealed by net characteristics of plate tectonics. Nature 498:479–482
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sun D, Riley AE, Cadby AJ, et al (2006) Hexagonal nanoporous germanium through surfactant-driven self-assembly of Zintl clusters. Nature 441:1126–1130

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schweiker W (2010) Dust that Breathes. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Andrews PS, Timmis J, Owens NDL, et al (2009) Artificial Immune Systems: 8th International Conference, ICARIS 2009, York, UK, August 9-12, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Daley JM, Paterson G, Drouillard KG (2014) Bioamplification as a Bioaccumulation Mechanism for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in Wildlife. In: Whitacre DM (ed) Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Volume 227. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 107–155

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Urogynecology Journal.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) Diabetes Cases In The U.K. Up 60% In The Last Decade. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/diabetes-cases-uk-60-last-decade/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1981) Comments on H.R. 2813. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gilbert SA (2017) Succession Planning Relating to the Millennial Generation in Private Four-Year Universities. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK (2001) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Recovering The Kursk. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Urogynecology Journal
AbbreviationInt. Urogynecol. J.
ISSN (print)0937-3462
ISSN (online)1433-3023
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Urology

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