How to format your references using the Toxicologie Analytique et Clinique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Toxicologie Analytique et Clinique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Markovic N. SUPERCONDUCTIVITY. Randomness rules. Science 2015;350:509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olson MV, Varki A. Genomics. The chimpanzee genome--a bittersweet celebration. Science 2004;305:191–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gubbins D, Jones AL, Finlay CC. Fall in Earth’s magnetic field is erratic. Science 2006;312:900–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cui XD, Primak A, Zarate X, Tomfohr J, Sankey OF, Moore AL, et al. Reproducible measurement of single-molecule conductivity. Science 2001;294:571–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geier R, Angelmaier V, Graubner C-A, Kohoutek J. Integrale Brücken. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
Amid A, editor. Recombinant Enzymes - From Basic Science to Commercialization. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Bloembergen M, Eickhoff M. Save Borobudur! The Moral Dynamics of Heritage Formation in Indonesia across Orders and Borders, 1930s–1980s. In: Falser M, editor. Cultural Heritage as Civilizing Mission: From Decay to Recovery, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 83–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Toxicologie Analytique et Clinique.

Blog post
Andrew E. Calcified Fetus Found In Woman After More Than 50 Years. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Maintenance: Potential Shortage in National Aircraft Repair Capacity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castaneda Martinez NE. Implementation of the Parent Partner Project to improve reunification rates in Sonoma County: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. A Slice of Virtue. New York Times 2011:NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleToxicologie Analytique et Clinique
AbbreviationAnn. Toxicol. Anal.
ISSN (print)2352-0078

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