How to format your references using the Toxicologie Analytique et Clinique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Toxicologie Analytique et Clinique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Torsvik TH. Geology. The Rodinia jigsaw puzzle. Science 2003;300:1379–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert F, Chaussidon M. A palaeotemperature curve for the Precambrian oceans based on silicon isotopes in cherts. Nature 2006;443:969–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor JP, Hardy J, Fischbeck KH. Toxic proteins in neurodegenerative disease. Science 2002;296:1991–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stensmyr MC, Urru I, Collu I, Celander M, Hansson BS, Angioy A-M. Pollination: Rotting smell of dead-horse arum florets. Nature 2002;420:625–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shi Y, Liu M, Fang F. Combined Cooling, Heating, and Power Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Dwyer T, Purchase H, Delaney A, editors. Diagrammatic Representation and Inference: 8th International Conference, Diagrams 2014, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, July 28 – August 1, 2014. Proceedings. vol. 8578. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdul-Latip SF, Reyhanitabar MR, Susilo W, Seberry J. On the Security of NOEKEON against Side Channel Cube Attacks. In: Kwak J, Deng RH, Won Y, Wang G, editors. Information Security, Practice and Experience: 6th International Conference, ISPEC 2010, Seoul, Korea, May 12-13, 2010. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Toxicologie Analytique et Clinique.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Plants Respond To Damage Is Dependent On The Type of Insect Harming It. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Hispanic Employment: Best Practices Used by Selected Agencies and Companies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dalbey SB. Celebrity Endorsements and Voting Intentions: The Role of Liking and Preference for Consistency. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. When a Sport Draws People Together. New York Times 2009:B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleToxicologie Analytique et Clinique
AbbreviationAnn. Toxicol. Anal.
ISSN (print)2352-0078

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