How to format your references using the Journal of International Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, R.M., 2004. Raising Europe’s game. Nature 430, 831–832.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Vernal, A., Hillaire-Marcel, C., 2008. Natural variability of Greenland climate, vegetation, and ice volume during the past million years. Science 320, 1622–1625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoehler, T.M., Bebout, B.M., Des Marais, D.J., 2001. The role of microbial mats in the production of reduced gases on the early Earth. Nature 412, 324–327.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pelletier, F., Clutton-Brock, T., Pemberton, J., Tuljapurkar, S., Coulson, T., 2007. The evolutionary demography of ecological change: linking trait variation and population growth. Science 315, 1571–1574.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Westermeier, R., 2004. Electrophoresis in Practice. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Tong, V.C.H. (Ed.), 2014. Geoscience Research and Education: Teaching at Universities, Innovations in Science Education and Technology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Mora, R., Pedrotti, L., Tuvo, G., Gili, S., 2006. Diagnosis, in: Mora, R. (Ed.), Nonunion of the Long Bones: Diagnosis and Treatment with Compression-Distraction Techniques. Springer, Milano, pp. 41–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. “Seeing’ Music Or “Tasting’ Numbers? Here’s What We Can Learn From People With Synaesthesia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/brain/seeing-music-or-tasting-numbers-heres-what-we-can-learn-from-people-with-synaesthesia/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Airline Competition: The Average Number of Competitors in Markets Serving the Majority of Passengers Has Changed Little in Recent Years, but Stakeholders Voice Concerns about Competition (No. GAO-14-515). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Primeaux, S.J., 2014. The Role of Education, Empathy, and Psychological Flexibility in Implicit and Explicit Mental Health Stigma (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bittman, M., 2012. Heavenly Earth. New York Times MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (de Vernal and Hillaire-Marcel, 2008; May, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Vernal and Hillaire-Marcel, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Pelletier et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economics
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0022-1996
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Finance

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