How to format your references using the Journal of International Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heyworth, M.F., 2000. Sky was not the limit for music-loving Herschel. Nature 407, 286.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kilger, C., Bartenbach, K., 2002. Patent law. New rules for German professors. Science 298, 1173–1175.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harvey, J.A., Corley, L.S., Strand, M.R., 2000. Competition induces adaptive shifts in caste ratios of a polyembryonic wasp. Nature 406, 183–186.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bernard, P., Maure, J.F., Partridge, J.F., Genier, S., Javerzat, J.P., Allshire, R.C., 2001. Requirement of heterochromatin for cohesion at centromeres. Science 294, 2539–2542.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paolella, M.S., 2006. Fundamental Probability. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Liukkunen, U., Chen, Y. (Eds.), 2016. Fundamental Labour Rights in China - Legal Implementation and Cultural Logic, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kao, M.-Y., 2008. Adword Auction, in: Kao, M.-Y. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Algorithms. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 7–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. GM Tomatoes Contain 50 Red Wine Bottles’ Worth Of Resveratrol [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Acquisition Workforce: DOT Lacks Data, Oversight, and Strategic Focus Needed to Address Significant Workforce Challenges (No. GAO-13-117). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liza, J.S., 2009. Mentors’ perceptions of bullying in middle and high school settings (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Scialabba, G., 2017. Five Who Shook the World. New York Times BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heyworth, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Heyworth, 2000, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kilger and Bartenbach, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bernard et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economics
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0022-1996
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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