How to format your references using the Journal of International Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pizzorusso, T., 2009. Neuroscience. Erasing fear memories. Science 325, 1214–1215.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kai, L., Kaldenhoff, R., 2014. A refined model of water and CO₂ membrane diffusion: effects and contribution of sterols and proteins. Sci. Rep. 4, 6665.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gur, I., Sawyer, K., Prasher, R., 2012. Engineering. Searching for a better thermal battery. Science 335, 1454–1455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Szabó, P., Scheuring, I., Czárán, T., Szathmáry, E., 2002. In silico simulations reveal that replicators with limited dispersal evolve towards higher efficiency and fidelity. Nature 420, 340–343.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colin, A., 2005. Fixed Income Attribution. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Brown, D., 2016. Justice Reinvestment: Winding Back Imprisonment, Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
González-Polo, R.A., Bravo-San Pedro, J.M., Gómez-Sánchez, R., Pizarro-Estrella, E., Niso-Santano, M., Fuentes, J.M., 2014. Links Between Paraquat and Parkinson’s Disease, in: Kostrzewa, R.M. (Ed.), Handbook of Neurotoxicity. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 819–842.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. NASA Is Deciding Where To Go Next In The Solar System [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. DOD Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in the Standard Procurement System Has Not Been Justified (No. GAO-01-682). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duan, C., 2004. Dynamic Analysis of Dry Friction Path in a Torsional System (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1993. What Price Beauty? Oh, Say $2,000 or So. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pizzorusso, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kai and Kaldenhoff, 2014; Pizzorusso, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kai and Kaldenhoff, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Szabó et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economics
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0022-1996
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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