How to format your references using the Journal of International Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
del Alamo, J.A., 2011. Nanometre-scale electronics with III-V compound semiconductors. Nature 479, 317–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheng, M., Kim, M.J., 2002. Postsynaptic signaling and plasticity mechanisms. Science 298, 776–780.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stracker, T.H., Carson, C.T., Weitzman, M.D., 2002. Adenovirus oncoproteins inactivate the Mre11-Rad50-NBS1 DNA repair complex. Nature 418, 348–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Burton, R.A., Wilson, S.M., Hrmova, M., Harvey, A.J., Shirley, N.J., Medhurst, A., Stone, B.A., Newbigin, E.J., Bacic, A., Fincher, G.B., 2006. Cellulose synthase-like CslF genes mediate the synthesis of cell wall (1,3;1,4)-beta-D-glucans. Science 311, 1940–1942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tadros, T.F., 2010. Colloids in Paints. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Schomburg, D., Schomburg, I. (Eds.), 2005. Springer Handbook of Enzymes: Class 1 • Oxidoreductases VIII EC 1.5, Second Edition. ed, Springer Handbook of Enzymes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
McComas, W.F., 2014. Advance Organizers, in: McComas, W.F. (Ed.), The Language of Science Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Science Teaching and Learning. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 4–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Prisoners from 1962 Alcatraz Escape Could Have Survived [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. U.S. Must Spend More To Maintain Lead in Space Technology (No. FGMSD-80-32). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bain Butler, D., 2010. How L2 legal writers use strategies for scholarly writing: A mixed methods study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G., 2014. A Wealth of Ideas. New York Times E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (del Alamo, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (del Alamo, 2011; Sheng and Kim, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheng and Kim, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Burton et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economics
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0022-1996
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles