How to format your references using the Journal of International Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brunini, A., 2006. Origin of the obliquities of the giant planets in mutual interactions in the early Solar System. Nature 440, 1163–1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Popp, M.W., Maquat, L.E., 2015. RNA. A TRICK’n way to see the pioneer round of translation. Science 347, 1316–1317.
A journal article with 3 authors
Choi, W.-Y., Giraldez, A.J., Schier, A.F., 2007. Target protectors reveal dampening and balancing of Nodal agonist and antagonist by miR-430. Science 318, 271–274.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, J., Hu, R., Rozelle, S., Pray, C., 2005. Insect-resistant GM rice in farmers’ fields: assessing productivity and health effects in China. Science 308, 688–690.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, S., Bramham, J., 2012. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for ADHD in Adolescents and Adults. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Baker, P., 2008. Model-Driven Testing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fouque, J.-P., Garnier, J., Papanicolaou, G., Sølna, K., 2007. Effective Properties of Randomly Layered Media, in: Garnier, J., Papanicolaou, G., Sølna, K. (Eds.), Wave Propagation and Time Reversal in Randomly Layered Media, Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 61–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. From Rockets To Space Toilets: Unique Exhibition Celebrates Soviet Cosmonauts [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Final Certification of TAP Fund (No. AIMD/OGC-00-250R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hebel, O., 2012. Parental involvement in the individual educational program for Israeli students with disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Talmadge, C., 2017. A Military Budget Without a Plan. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brunini, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Brunini, 2006; Popp and Maquat, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Popp and Maquat, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economics
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0022-1996
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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