How to format your references using the Journal of International Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughson, F.M., 2013. Neuroscience. Chaperones that SNARE neurotransmitter release. Science 339, 406–407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dunham-Snary, K.J., Ballinger, S.W., 2015. GENETICS. Mitochondrial-nuclear DNA mismatch matters. Science 349, 1449–1450.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagner, P.J., Kosnik, M.A., Lidgard, S., 2006. Abundance distributions imply elevated complexity of post-Paleozoic marine ecosystems. Science 314, 1289–1292.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fox, A.R., Bart, S.C., Meyer, K., Cummins, C.C., 2008. Towards uranium catalysts. Nature 455, 341–349.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holzer, S.M., 2015. Statische Beurteilung Historischer Tragwerke. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Zhan, J., Han, R., Zicari, R.V. (Eds.), 2016. Big Data Benchmarks, Performance Optimization, and Emerging Hardware: 6th Workshop, BPOE 2015, Kohala, HI, USA, August 31 - September 4, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kunusch, C., Puleston, P., Mayosky, M., 2012. Control-Oriented Modelling and Experimental Validation of a PEMFC Generation System, in: Puleston, P., Mayosky, M. (Eds.), Sliding-Mode Control of PEM Fuel Cells, Advances in Industrial Control. Springer, London, pp. 105–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. There Are Two Trillion Galaxies In The Visible Universe [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Standard Budget Classifications--Proposed Functions and Subfunctions (No. PAD-76-49). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy, B.A., 2010. Mentoring’s critical components: Four traditional teachers’, four alternate -route teachers’, and four mentors’ perspectives (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2004. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Putin Orders “Stalingrad” On Memorial. New York Times A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hughson, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Dunham-Snary and Ballinger, 2015; Hughson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dunham-Snary and Ballinger, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Fox et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economics
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0022-1996
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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