How to format your references using the Journal of International Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segre, J.A., 2015. MICROBIOME. Microbial growth dynamics and human disease. Science 349, 1058–1059.
A journal article with 2 authors
Backwell, P.R.Y., Jennions, M.D., 2004. Animal behaviour: coalition among male fiddler crabs. Nature 430, 417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eagle, N., Macy, M., Claxton, R., 2010. Network diversity and economic development. Science 328, 1029–1031.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Santiago, M.L., Montano, M., Benitez, R., Messer, R.J., Yonemoto, W., Chesebro, B., Hasenkrug, K.J., Greene, W.C., 2008. Apobec3 encodes Rfv3, a gene influencing neutralizing antibody control of retrovirus infection. Science 321, 1343–1346.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamowicz, Z., Zbierski, P., 1997. Logic of Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Maeno, T., Sawatani, Y., Hara, T. (Eds.), 2016. Serviceology for Designing the Future: Selected and Edited Papers of the 2nd International Conference on Serviceology. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas, T.J., Zwinderman, A.H., 2013. Bhattacharya Analysis, in: Zwinderman, A.H. (Ed.), Machine Learning in Medicine: Part Two. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 27–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Bigfoot, The Kraken And Night Parrots: Searching For The Mythical Or Mysterious [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. GAO Research Guide: Computers and Information Technology Issues (No. 145121). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ugwu, R.I., 2012. Perceptions of elementary teachers from an urban school district in Southern California regarding their inquiry-based science instructional practices, assessment methods, and professional development (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2016. Eritrean Couple’s Reunion, Decades in the Making. New York Times A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Segre, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Backwell and Jennions, 2004; Segre, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Backwell and Jennions, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Santiago et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economics
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0022-1996
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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