How to format your references using the Journal of International Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delft, J., 2000. MESOSCOPIC PHYSICS: Quantum Dots as Tunable Kondo Impurities. Science 289, 2064–2065.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dill, K.A., MacCallum, J.L., 2012. The protein-folding problem, 50 years on. Science 338, 1042–1046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joughin, I., Abdalati, W., Fahnestock, M., 2004. Large fluctuations in speed on Greenland’s Jakobshavn Isbrae glacier. Nature 432, 608–610.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, L., Chen, J., Fan, L., Diéguez, O., Cao, J., Pan, Z., Wang, Y., Wang, Jinguo, Kim, M., Deng, S., Wang, Jiaou, Wang, H., Deng, J., Yu, R., Scott, J.F., Xing, X., 2018. Giant polarization in super-tetragonal thin films through interphase strain. Science 361, 494–497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P.I., 2006. A Manager’s Guide to the Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wang, Z., 2016. Social Video Content Delivery, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Z., Platnick, S., Ackerman, A.S., Cho, H.-M., 2015. Spectral dependence of MODIS cloud droplet effective radius retrievals for marine boundary layer clouds, in: Kokhanovsky, A.A. (Ed.), Light Scattering Reviews 9: Light Scattering and Radiative Transfer. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 135–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. How To Win At Rock-Paper-Scissors With Science [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Review of Certain Aspects of the Head Start Program Operated by the Community Education Extension of Mary Holmes College, Jackson, Mississippi (No. B-157356). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salie, A., 2008. Servant-minded leadership and work satisfaction in Islamic organizations: A correlational mixed study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J., 2017. Full Disclosure. New York Times MM11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delft, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Delft, 2000; Dill and MacCallum, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dill and MacCallum, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economics
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ.
ISSN (print)0022-1996
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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