How to format your references using the Geocarto International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geocarto International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savchenko A. 2009. Materials science. Transforming graphene. Science. 323(5914):589–590.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ort DR, Long SP. 2014. Botany. Limits on yields in the Corn Belt. Science. 344(6183):484–485.
A journal article with 3 authors
Falkenburger BH, Barstow KL, Mintz IM. 2001. Dendrodendritic inhibition through reversal of dopamine transport. Science. 293(5539):2465–2470.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Darwin KH, Ehrt S, Gutierrez-Ramos J-C, Weich N, Nathan CF. 2003. The proteasome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is required for resistance to nitric oxide. Science. 302(5652):1963–1966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mysak J. 2011. Encyclopedia of Municipal Bonds. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schreck P, Narboux J, Richter-Gebert J, editors. 2011. Automated Deduction in Geometry: 8th International Workshop, ADG 2010, Munich, Germany, July 22-24, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gustavsson A, Gustafsson J, Lisper B. 2014. Timing Analysis of Parallel Software Using Abstract Execution. In: McMillan KL, Rival X, editors. Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 15th International Conference, VMCAI 2014, San Diego, CA, USA, January 19-21, 2014, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 59–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geocarto International.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Implantable Scaffold Regenerates Lost Bone. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to More Aggressively Manage Its Inspection Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee S. 2013. Control-display alignment modulates dimensional salience [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2007. Justices Take Up Discretion Of the Courts in Sentencing. New York Times.:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savchenko 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Savchenko 2009; Ort and Long 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ort and Long 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Darwin et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeocarto International
AbbreviationGeocarto Int.
ISSN (print)1010-6049
ISSN (online)1752-0762
ScopeWater Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles