How to format your references using the Geocarto International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geocarto International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turner JA. 2004. Sustainable hydrogen production. Science. 305(5686):972–974.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sakaba T, Neher E. 2003. Direct modulation of synaptic vesicle priming by GABA(B) receptor activation at a glutamatergic synapse. Nature. 424(6950):775–778.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blaha G, Stanley RE, Steitz TA. 2009. Formation of the first peptide bond: the structure of EF-P bound to the 70S ribosome. Science. 325(5943):966–970.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Willem M, Garratt AN, Novak B, Citron M, Kaufmann S, Rittger A, DeStrooper B, Saftig P, Birchmeier C, Haass C. 2006. Control of peripheral nerve myelination by the beta-secretase BACE1. Science. 314(5799):664–666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang Z-G. 2016. Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Huang L-Q, editor. 2013. Molecular Pharmacognosy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Shao L, Lu J, Shi M. 2012. Miscellaneous Analogs. In: Lu J, Shi M, editors. Chemical Transformations of Vinylidenecyclopropanes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geocarto International.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2017. Adventurous Beetles Confirm A New Form Of Evolution. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Telecommunications: FCC Should Take Steps to Ensure Equal Access to Rulemaking Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belic B. 2005. Complement Verb Variation in Present-Day Serbian [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Medina J, Pérez-Peña R, Schmidt MS, Goodstein L. 2015. Arms Stockpile Is Found in Home of Two Suspects. New York Times.:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turner 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Sakaba and Neher 2003; Turner 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sakaba and Neher 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Willem et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeocarto International
AbbreviationGeocarto Int.
ISSN (print)1010-6049
ISSN (online)1752-0762
ScopeWater Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

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