How to format your references using the International Studies in the Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Csontos, Dan. 2010. “Exotic Matter.” Nature 464 (7286): 175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouchon, Michel, and Hayrullah Karabulut. 2008. “The Aftershock Signature of Supershear Earthquakes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5881): 1323–1325.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peñuelas, Josep, This Rutishauser, and Iolanda Filella. 2009. “Ecology. Phenology Feedbacks on Climate Change.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5929): 887–888.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Williams, Andrew H., Gregorio Valdez, Viviana Moresi, Xiaoxia Qi, John McAnally, Jeffrey L. Elliott, Rhonda Bassel-Duby, Joshua R. Sanes, and Eric N. Olson. 2009. “MicroRNA-206 Delays ALS Progression and Promotes Regeneration of Neuromuscular Synapses in Mice.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5959): 1549–1554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLeod, Lisa Earle. 2016. Leading with Noble Purpose. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Oudkerk, Matthijs, and Maximilian F. Reiser, eds. 2009. Coronary Radiology. 2nd Revised Edition. Medical Radiology, Diagnostic Imaging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Selway, Jamie, Noreen Culhane, John Labuszewski, John McGonegal, and William O’Brien. 2008. “Intermarket Competition: Listing Decisions.” In Competition in a Consolidating Environment, edited by Antoinette Colaninno, John Aidan Byrne, and Robert A. Schwartz, 37–52. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. “Meet The Animals Who Live INSIDE Volcanoes.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. The Federal Software Exchange Program: A Small Step in Improving Program Sharing. FGMSD-78-11. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, Ha Minh. 2009. “Valuation Effects and External Adjustment.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John, Vivian Yee, and Matt Furber. 2017. “Resurgent Cry in Minnesota Police Killing: Why?” New York Times, July 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Csontos 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Csontos 2010; Bouchon and Karabulut 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bouchon and Karabulut 2008)
  • Three authors: (Peñuelas, Rutishauser, and Filella 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Williams et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in the Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0269-8595
ISSN (online)1469-9281
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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