How to format your references using the International Studies in the Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, David. 2001. “Referendum Stalls Japanese Nuclear Power Strategy.” Nature 411 (6839): 729.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wes, P. D., and C. I. Bargmann. 2001. “C. Elegans Odour Discrimination Requires Asymmetric Diversity in Olfactory Neurons.” Nature 410 (6829): 698–701.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kessler, Danny, Klaus Gase, and Ian T. Baldwin. 2008. “Field Experiments with Transformed Plants Reveal the Sense of Floral Scents.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5893): 1200–1202.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ligi, Marco, Enrico Bonatti, Marco Cuffaro, and Daniele Brunelli. 2013. “Post-Mesozoic Rapid Increase of Seawater Mg/Ca Due to Enhanced Mantle-Seawater Interaction.” Scientific Reports 3 (September): 2752.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edelstein, Linda N., and Charles A. Waehler. 2011. What Do I Say? Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hippe, Zdzisław S., Juliusz L. Kulikowski, and Teresa Mroczek, eds. 2012. Human – Computer Systems Interaction: Backgrounds and Applications 2: Part 2. Vol. 99. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Havlena, Michal, Jan Heller, Hendrik Kayser, Jörg-Hendrik Bach, Jörn Anemüller, and Tomáš Pajdla. 2012. “Incongruence Detection in Audio-Visual Processing.” In Detection and Identification of Rare Audiovisual Cues, edited by Daphna Weinshall, Jörn Anemüller, and Luc van Gool, 67–75. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “First-Ever Field Observations Of Rare And Elusive Whale.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Aviation Safety: FAA Can Better Prepare General Aviation Pilots for Mountain Flying Risks. RCED-94-15. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, Nicole Y. 2017. “Nutrition Education Series for Female Club Soccer Players 14 to 18 Years of Age.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, John. 2017. “What Will Service Work Look Like Under Amazon?” New York Times, July 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2001; Wes and Bargmann 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wes and Bargmann 2001)
  • Three authors: (Kessler, Gase, and Baldwin 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ligi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in the Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0269-8595
ISSN (online)1469-9281
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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