How to format your references using the International Studies in the Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jonas, David M. 2003. “Chemistry. Optical Analogs of 2D NMR.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5625): 1515–1517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kagaya, Katsushi, and Masakazu Takahata. 2011. “Sequential Synaptic Excitation and Inhibition Shape Readiness Discharge for Voluntary Behavior.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6027): 365–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghaffari, H. O., M. H. B. Nasseri, and R. Paul Young. 2014. “Faulting of Rocks in a Three-Dimensional Stress Field by Micro-Anticracks.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 5011.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shibata, N., M. F. Chisholm, A. Nakamura, S. J. Pennycook, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Ikuhara. 2007. “Nonstoichiometric Dislocation Cores in Alpha-Alumina.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5821): 82–85.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frueh, B. Christopher, Anouk L. Grubaugh, Jon D. Elhai, and Julian D. Ford. 2012. Assessment and Treatment Planning for PTSD. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dale, Virginia H., Frederick J. Swanson, and Charles M. Crisafulli, eds. 2005. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krupnik, Igor, Leonard Apangalook, and Paul Apangalook. 2010. “‘It’s Cold, but Not Cold Enough’: Observing Ice and Climate Change in Gambell, Alaska, in IPY 2007–2008 and Beyond.” In SIKU: Knowing Our Ice: Documenting Inuit Sea Ice Knowledge and Use, edited by Igor Krupnik, Claudio Aporta, Shari Gearheard, Gita J. Laidler, and Lene Kielsen Holm, 81–114. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Mammals Began To Take Over The World Long Before The Dinosaurs Perished.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations]. B-221498.20. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ho, Loi. 2012. “Determination of Ibuprofen Isotherm Using Supercritical Fluid Chromatography.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mackay, Isabella Penman. 1935. “Dogwood at Valley Forge.” New York Times, May 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jonas 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jonas 2003; Kagaya and Takahata 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kagaya and Takahata 2011)
  • Three authors: (Ghaffari, Nasseri, and Young 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shibata et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in the Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0269-8595
ISSN (online)1469-9281
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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