How to format your references using the International Studies in the Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mitchell, William J. 2004. “Beyond the Ivory Tower. Constructing Complexity in the Digital Age.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5663): 1472–1473.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marmorstein, Ronen, and M. Celeste Simon. 2015. “Structural Biology: Hypoxia Response Becomes Crystal Clear.” Nature 524 (7565): 298–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aguzzi, Adriano, Ben A. Barres, and Mariko L. Bennett. 2013. “Microglia: Scapegoat, Saboteur, or Something Else?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6116): 156–161.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Peers, Graham, Thuy B. Truong, Elisabeth Ostendorf, Andreas Busch, Dafna Elrad, Arthur R. Grossman, Michael Hippler, and Krishna K. Niyogi. 2009. “An Ancient Light-Harvesting Protein Is Critical for the Regulation of Algal Photosynthesis.” Nature 462 (7272): 518–521.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glasgow, Larry A. 2014. Applied Mathematics for Science and Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Silvestrov, Sergei, Eugen Paal, Viktor Abramov, and Alexander Stolin, eds. 2009. Generalized Lie Theory in Mathematics, Physics and Beyond. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Naziroğlu, Mustafa. 2011. “TRPM2 Cation Channels and Oxidative Stress-Induced Neuronal Cell Death.” In Studies on Veterinary Medicine, edited by Lester Mandelker and Peter Vajdovich, 61–76. Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Zombie Worms Chewed Their Way Through Prehistoric Marine Reptile Bones.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Preliminary Information on the Federal Government’s Response to Recent Natural Disasters. T-RCED-90-75. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, Eboni I. 2009. “Caregiver Wellness: An Inquiry of Health Risks among Frontline Direct Caregivers of the Elderly and Disabled.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2015. “Remembering ‘Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In.’” New York Times, September 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mitchell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mitchell 2004; Marmorstein and Simon 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marmorstein and Simon 2015)
  • Three authors: (Aguzzi, Barres, and Bennett 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Peers et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in the Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0269-8595
ISSN (online)1469-9281
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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