How to format your references using the International Studies in the Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, Philip. 2015. “Publishing: The Journal That Publishes No Papers.” Nature 526 (7571): 146.
A journal article with 2 authors
Owen-Hughes, Tom, and Michael Bruno. 2004. “Molecular Biology. Breaking the Silence.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5656): 324–325.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knapp, Sandra, Andrew Polaszek, and Mark Watson. 2007. “Spreading the Word.” Nature 446 (7133): 261–262.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Aillaud, Chrystelle, Christophe Bosc, Leticia Peris, Anouk Bosson, Pierre Heemeryck, Juliette Van Dijk, Julien Le Friec, et al. 2017. “Vasohibins/SVBP Are Tubulin Carboxypeptidases (TCPs) That Regulate Neuron Differentiation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 358 (6369): 1448–1453.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Del Pico, Wayne J. 2014. Electrical Estimating Methods. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Andronikou, Savvas, Angus Alexander, Tracy Kilborn, Alastair J. W. Millar, and Alan Daneman, eds. 2010. ABC of Pediatric Surgical Imaging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kharbat, Faten, Mohammed Odeh, and Larry Bull. 2008. “Knowledge Discovery from Medical Data: An Empirical Study with XCS.” In Learning Classifier Systems in Data Mining, edited by Larry Bull, Ester Bernadó-Mansilla, and John Holmes, 93–121. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Evidence Suggests Missing Students In Mexico Were Not Incinerated By A Drug Cartel.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Information Technology: Department of Labor Could Further Facilitate Modernization of States’ Unemployment Insurance Systems. GAO-12-957. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelton-Quinn, Anitra. 2009. “Increasing Positive Peer Reporting and on -Task Behavior Using a Peer Monitoring Interdependent Group Contingency Program with Public Posting.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2007. “‘Bad’ Legal Advice and the Death Penalty.” New York Times, November 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ball 2015; Owen-Hughes and Bruno 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Owen-Hughes and Bruno 2004)
  • Three authors: (Knapp, Polaszek, and Watson 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Aillaud et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in the Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0269-8595
ISSN (online)1469-9281
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

Other styles