How to format your references using the International Studies in the Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holland, D. M. 2001. “Explaining the Weddell Polynya--a Large Ocean Eddy Shed at Maud Rise.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5522): 1697–1700.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rahman, M. Azizur, and Jochen Halfar. 2014. “First Evidence of Chitin in Calcified Coralline Algae: New Insights into the Calcification Process of Clathromorphum Compactum.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, Christopher D., David S. Johnson, and Arend Sidow. 2007. “Functional Architecture and Evolution of Transcriptional Elements That Drive Gene Coexpression.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5844): 1557–1560.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
McLellan, Jason S., Xiaoyan Zheng, Glenn Hauk, Rodolfo Ghirlando, Philip A. Beachy, and Daniel J. Leahy. 2008. “The Mode of Hedgehog Binding to Ihog Homologues Is Not Conserved across Different Phyla.” Nature 455 (7215): 979–983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbaroux, Pierre, Amel Attour, and Eric Schenk. 2016. Knowledge Management and Innovation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weisburd, David, Thomas Feucht, Idit Hakimi, Lois Mock, and Simon Perry, eds. 2011. To Protect and To Serve: Policing in an Age of Terrorism. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tachikawa, Masanori, Ken-Ichi Hosoya, Sumio Ohtsuki, and Tetsuya Terasaki. 2007. “A Novel Relationship Between Creatine Transport at the Blood-Brain and Blood-Retinal Barriers, Creatine Biosynthesis, And Its Use for Brain and Retinal Energy Homeostasis.” In Creatine and Creatine Kinase in Health and Disease, edited by Gajja S. Salomons and Markus Wyss, 83–98. Subcellular Biochemistry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. “The Cacao Tree Is A Lot Older Than We Thought.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Executive Guide: Measuring Performance and Demonstrating Results of Information Technology Investments (Exposure Draft) (Superseded by AIMD-98-99). AIMD-97-163. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers, Susan L. 2017. “Fear of Cancer and Theory of Planned Behavior as Predictors of Pap Screenings.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sweeney-James, Kathryn Anne. 2016. “A Wedding Night Upgrade at the Plaza.” New York Times, October 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holland 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Holland 2001; Rahman and Halfar 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rahman and Halfar 2014)
  • Three authors: (Brown, Johnson, and Sidow 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (McLellan et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in the Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0269-8595
ISSN (online)1469-9281
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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