How to format your references using the International Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatzes AP (2014) The role of space telescopes in the characterization of transiting exoplanets. Nature 513:353–357
A journal article with 2 authors
Becker H, Walker RJ (2003) Efficient mixing of the solar nebula from uniform Mo isotopic composition of meteorites. Nature 425:152–155
A journal article with 3 authors
Levison HF, Kretke KA, Duncan MJ (2015) Growing the gas-giant planets by the gradual accumulation of pebbles. Nature 524:322–324
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Moqrich A, Hwang SW, Earley TJ, et al (2005) Impaired thermosensation in mice lacking TRPV3, a heat and camphor sensor in the skin. Science 307:1468–1472

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Magnasco V (2010) Models for Bonding in Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Zhang T-C, Ouyang P, Kaplan S, Skarnes B (eds) (2014) Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Applied Biotechnology (ICAB 2012): Volume 3. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng Z, Xu X, Chen D (2015) Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine on DCs Under Tumor Microenvironment. In: Xu X, Chen D (eds) Dendritic Cells: Biophysics, Tumor Microenvironment and Chinese Traditional Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Doctors Discover How To Manipulate Wounds To Regenerate Into Skin Rather Than Scar Tissue. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Federal Trust and Other Earmarked Funds: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duerr PS (2015) Investigation of marine waterjet inlets during turning maneuvers. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Obama Is President, but Football Is King. New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatzes 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Becker and Walker 2003; Hatzes 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becker and Walker 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Moqrich et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1661-8556
ISSN (online)1661-8564
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles