How to format your references using the International Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kato T (2002) Self-assembly of phase-segregated liquid crystal structures. Science 295:2414–2418
A journal article with 2 authors
Veigel C, Schmidt CF (2009) Biochemistry. Friction in motor proteins. Science 325:826–827
A journal article with 3 authors
Ravishankara AR, Daniel JS, Portmann RW (2009) Nitrous oxide (N2O): the dominant ozone-depleting substance emitted in the 21st century. Science 326:123–125
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kash TL, Jenkins A, Kelley JC, et al (2003) Coupling of agonist binding to channel gating in the GABA(A) receptor. Nature 421:272–275

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pavé A (2012) Modeling Living Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Umeda S, Nakano M, Mizuyama H, et al (eds) (2015) Advances in Production Management Systems: Innovative Production Management Towards Sustainable Growth: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2015, Tokyo, Japan, September 7-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part II, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Flew T (2016) National Media Regulations in an Age of Convergent Media: Beyond Globalisation, Neo-liberalism and Internet Freedom Theories. In: Flew T, Iosifidis P, Steemers J (eds) Global Media and National Policies: The Return of the State. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 75–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New Horizons Spots Possible Polar Ice Cap On Pluto. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Schools and Libraries Corporation: Actions Needed to Strengthen Program Integrity Operations Before Committing Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes JM (2010) A support group for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Dominican Players Hone Skills With AidOf Broomsticks. New York Times SP1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kato 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kato 2002; Veigel and Schmidt 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Veigel and Schmidt 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kash et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1661-8556
ISSN (online)1661-8564
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles