How to format your references using the International Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hayflick L (2000) The future of ageing. Nature 408:267–269
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro NM, Koulakov I (2015) Geophysics. Probing the underbelly of a supervolcano. Science 348:758–759
A journal article with 3 authors
Schliekelman P, Garner C, Slatkin M (2001) Natural selection and resistance to HIV. Nature 411:545–546
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Borozdin KN, Hogan GE, Morris C, et al (2003) Surveillance: Radiographic imaging with cosmic-ray muons. Nature 422:277

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godwin W (2013) International Construction Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Fitzgibbon A, Lazebnik S, Perona P, et al (eds) (2012) Computer Vision – ECCV 2012: 12th European Conference on Computer Vision, Florence, Italy, October 7-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part VI. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Huang C, Fan Y (2005) Knowledge Structuring and Evaluation Based on Grey Theory. In: Wang L, Jin Y (eds) Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery: Second International Conference, FSKD 2005, Changsha, China, August 27-29, 2005, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 26–30

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Ancient Stone Toolmaking Evolved Multiple Times Across Continents. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Follow-Up on Contracting Issues at Denver International Airport. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein J (2017) Mississippian Space and Place: A Geographical Study of Archaeological Site Data in the American Bottom. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hayflick 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hayflick 2000; Shapiro and Koulakov 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shapiro and Koulakov 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Borozdin et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1661-8556
ISSN (online)1661-8564
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles