How to format your references using the International Studies in Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wakeley, John. 2008. “Complex Speciation of Humans and Chimpanzees.” Nature 452 (7184): E3-4; discussion E4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shchukin, Dmitry, and Helmuth Möhwald. 2013. “Materials Science. A Coat of Many Functions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6153): 1458–1459.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lynch, Michael, Britt Koskella, and Sarah Schaack. 2006. “Mutation Pressure and the Evolution of Organelle Genomic Architecture.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5768): 1727–1730.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hu, S., F. S. Chapin 3rd, M. K. Firestone, C. B. Field, and N. R. Chiariello. 2001. “Nitrogen Limitation of Microbial Decomposition in a Grassland under Elevated CO2.” Nature 409 (6817): 188–191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, Steven M. 2013. Accounting Best Practices. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meiners, Chad R. 2010. Hardware Based Packet Classification for High Speed Internet Routers. Edited by Alex X. Liu and Eric Torng. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Modig, Carina, Liselotte Westerlund, and Per-Erik Olsson. 2007. “Oocyte Zona Pellucida Proteins.” In The Fish Oocyte: From Basic Studies to Biotechnological Applications, edited by Patrick J. Babin, Joan Cerdà, and Esther Lubzens, 113–139. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “New Technique Mimics Animal Senses To Screen For Toxic Chemicals.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. The Federal Communications Commission’s International Telecommunications Activities. CED-82-77. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schroeder, Sulana K. 2017. “Tau-Directed Immunotherapy for Alzheimer’s Disease.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, James. 2016. “Older Bonobos Could Sure Use Some Glasses.” New York Times, November 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wakeley 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Wakeley 2008; Shchukin and Möhwald 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shchukin and Möhwald 2013)
  • Three authors: (Lynch, Koskella, and Schaack 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hu et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Sociology of Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0962-0214
ISSN (online)1747-5066
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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