How to format your references using the International Studies in Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gorte, Raymond J. 2015. “CHEMICAL ENGINEERING. Cooling down Ceramic Fuel Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6254): 1290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shepherd, Andrew, and Duncan Wingham. 2007. “Recent Sea-Level Contributions of the Antarctic and Greenland Ice Sheets.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5818): 1529–1532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bongard, Josh, Victor Zykov, and Hod Lipson. 2006. “Resilient Machines through Continuous Self-Modeling.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5802): 1118–1121.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pritchard, Hamish D., Robert J. Arthern, David G. Vaughan, and Laura A. Edwards. 2009. “Extensive Dynamic Thinning on the Margins of the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets.” Nature 461 (7266): 971–975.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bouvier, Jean-Marie, and Osvaldo H. Campanella. 2014. Extrusion Processing Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nagasaki, Masao. 2009. Foundations of Systems Biology: Using Cell Illustrator® and Pathway Databases. Edited by Ayumu Saito, Atsushi Doi, Hiroshi Matsuno, and Satoru Miyano. Vol. 13. Computational Biology. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brandhorst, Heide, Paul R. V. Johnson, and Daniel Brandhorst. 2016. “Pancreatic Islets: Methods for Isolation and Purification of Juvenile and Adult Pig Islets.” In Pancreatic Islet Isolation: From the Mouse to the Clinic, edited by Miriam Ramírez-Domínguez, 35–55. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Why Do Humans Love Food So Much?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. The Maritime Administration’s Evaluation of the End Products of Research and Development Contracts with Private, Profitmaking Firms. PSAD-78-4. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilday, Deborah. 2014. “Soulmaking within the Destructive Side of God Seeing through Monotheism’s Holy Warrior 9/11 to Prehistory.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. 2012. “In World of Finance, She Has Already Driven the Green.” New York Times, August 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gorte 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gorte 2015; Shepherd and Wingham 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shepherd and Wingham 2007)
  • Three authors: (Bongard, Zykov, and Lipson 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Pritchard et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Sociology of Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0962-0214
ISSN (online)1747-5066
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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