How to format your references using the International Studies in Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad, E. 2000. “PALEONTOLOGY: CT Sleuthing Uncovers Fossil Misfits.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 288 (5472): 1731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Chang C., and Adam P. Arkin. 2010. “Cell Biology. The Case for RNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6008): 1185–1186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharon, E., G. Cohen, and J. Fineberg. 2001. “Propagating Solitary Waves along a Rapidly Moving Crack Front.” Nature 410 (6824): 68–71.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cheng, Meng, Wenhua Xie, Baoning Zong, Bo Sun, and Minghua Qiao. 2013. “When Magnetic Catalyst Meets Magnetic Reactor: Etherification of FCC Light Gasoline as an Example.” Scientific Reports 3: 1973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Millon, Theodore, and Seth Grossman. 2007. Overcoming Resistant Personality Disorders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Song, Bongsob. 2011. Dynamic Surface Control of Uncertain Nonlinear Systems: An LMI Approach. Edited by J. Karl Hedrick. Communications and Control Engineering. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Chunju, Xueying Zhang, and Chaoli Du. 2013. “The Relevance of Spatial Relation Terms and Geographical Feature Types.” In Emerging Trends in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: PAKDD 2012 International Workshops: DMHM, GeoDoc, 3Clust, and DSDM, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, May 29 – June 1, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Takashi Washio and Jun Luo, 47–56. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Sociology of Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “Boeing Is Working On A Hypersonic Space Plane That Can Be Ready To Launch In Hours.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. College Work-Study Program. 089627. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swann, Elizabeth. 2014. “Adult Learning for Healthy Aging: An Investigation of Health Literacy and Technology Use in Older Adults.” Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, Susan. 2014. “Soaring on Paper Wings.” New York Times, October 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stokstad 2000; Liu and Arkin 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Arkin 2010)
  • Three authors: (Sharon, Cohen, and Fineberg 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Sociology of Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0962-0214
ISSN (online)1747-5066
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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