How to format your references using the International Studies in Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Darnovsky, Marcy. 2013. “A Slippery Slope to Human Germline Modification.” Nature 499 (7457): 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnston, Robert J., and Oliver Hobert. 2003. “A MicroRNA Controlling Left/Right Neuronal Asymmetry in Caenorhabditis Elegans.” Nature 426 (6968): 845–849.
A journal article with 3 authors
Erickson, Brent, Rina Singh, and Paul Winters. 2011. “Synthetic Biology: Regulating Industry Uses of New Biotechnologies.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6047): 1254–1256.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Panowski, Siler H., Suzanne Wolff, Hugo Aguilaniu, Jenni Durieux, and Andrew Dillin. 2007. “PHA-4/Foxa Mediates Diet-Restriction-Induced Longevity of C. Elegans.” Nature 447 (7144): 550–555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalanne, Christian. 2014. Specification Development. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cheng, Liang, and David G. Bostwick, eds. 2006. Essentials of Anatomic Pathology. Second Edition. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Nie, Janping, Yueying Qian, and Nan Cui. 2012. “Enhanced Mirror Adaptive Random Testing Based on I/O Relation Analysis.” In Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering: Theory and Practice: Volume 1, edited by Yanwen Wu, 33–47. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “We Could Prevent Millions Of Cancer Deaths Each Year With Knowledge We Already Have.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Informing Our Nation: Improving How to Understand and Assess the USA’s Position and Progress. GAO-05-1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cosma, Andrei Claudiu. 2019. “Real-Time Individual Thermal Preferences Prediction Using Visual Sensors.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2005. “For New Court, Abortion Case Takes Old Path.” New York Times, December 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Darnovsky 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Darnovsky 2013; Johnston and Hobert 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnston and Hobert 2003)
  • Three authors: (Erickson, Singh, and Winters 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Panowski et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Sociology of Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0962-0214
ISSN (online)1747-5066
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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