How to format your references using the International Studies in Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alon, U. 2003. “Biological Networks: The Tinkerer as an Engineer.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5641): 1866–1867.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sharma, Ankit, and John F. Hartwig. 2015. “Metal-Catalysed Azidation of Tertiary C-H Bonds Suitable for Late-Stage Functionalization.” Nature 517 (7536): 600–604.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deal, Roger B., Jorja G. Henikoff, and Steven Henikoff. 2010. “Genome-Wide Kinetics of Nucleosome Turnover Determined by Metabolic Labeling of Histones.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5982): 1161–1164.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Troedhan, Angelo, Izabela Schlichting, Andreas Kurrek, and Marcel Wainwright. 2014. “Primary Implant Stability in Augmented Sinuslift-Sites after Completed Bone Regeneration: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Study Comparing Four Subantrally Inserted Biomaterials.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5877.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fu, Feng. 2015. Advanced Modelling Techniques in Structural Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Srivastava, Sanjeeva, ed. 2016. Biomarker Discovery in the Developing World: Dissecting the Pipeline for Meeting the Challenges. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Ando, K., Y. Muguruma, and T. Yahata. 2008. “Humanizing Bone Marrow in Immune-Deficient Mice.” In Humanized Mice, edited by Tatsuji Nomura, Takeshi Watanabe, and Sonoko Habu, 77–86. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Young Mice Exposed to Cat Pee Don’t Escape Later On.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs: Distribution of Fiscal Year 2000 Indian Reservation Roads Funds. OGC-00-39. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, Christina M. 2017. “Is This Working? A Study on Measuring the Effectiveness of Efforts to Diversify the Theatre Management Field.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. “One More From The Heart.” New York Times, December 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alon 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Alon 2003; Sharma and Hartwig 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sharma and Hartwig 2015)
  • Three authors: (Deal, Henikoff, and Henikoff 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Troedhan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Sociology of Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0962-0214
ISSN (online)1747-5066
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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