How to format your references using the International Studies in Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatfull, Graham F. 2002. “Microbiology. A Tail of Two Specifi-Cities.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5562): 2031–2032.
A journal article with 2 authors
Romanowicz, B., and D. Giardini. 2001. “Geophysics. The Future of Permanent Seismic Networks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5537): 2000–2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong, Joung-Woo, David A. Hendrix, and Michael S. Levine. 2008. “Shadow Enhancers as a Source of Evolutionary Novelty.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5894): 1314.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Morello, Andrea, Jarryd J. Pla, Floris A. Zwanenburg, Kok W. Chan, Kuan Y. Tan, Hans Huebl, Mikko Möttönen, et al. 2010. “Single-Shot Readout of an Electron Spin in Silicon.” Nature 467 (7316): 687–691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hofmeyr, G. Justus, James P. Neilson, Zarko Alfirevic, Caroline A. Crowther, A. Metin Gülmezoglu, Ellen D. Hodnett, Gillian M. L. Gyte, and Lelia Duley. 2008. A Cochrane Pocketbook: Pregnancy and Childbirth. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bertogna, Marko, Luis Miguel Pinho, and Eduardo Quiñones, eds. 2016. Reliable Software Technologies – Ada-Europe 2016: 21st Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Pisa, Italy, June 13-17, 2016, Proceedings. Vol. 9695. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cai, Xianfa, Jia Wei, Guihua Wen, and Jie Li. 2012. “A Neighborhood Preserving Based Semi-Supervised Dimensionality Reduction Method for Cancer Classification.” In Foundations of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shanghai, China, Dec 2011 (ISKE2011), edited by Yinglin Wang and Tianrui Li, 29–37. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Bird Presumed To Be Extinct Since 1940’s Spotted In Myanmar.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Intercity Passenger Rail: Decisions on the Future of Amtrak and Intercity Passenger Rail Are Approaching. T-RCED-00-277. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diorio, Cathy Ann. 2010. “The Silent Scream of Medusa: Restoring, or Re-Storying, Her Voice.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cox, Rob, Lisa Lee, Fiona Maharg-Bravo, and George Hay. 2011. “Dunkin’ Offers A Bubble Lesson.” New York Times, July 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatfull 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hatfull 2002; Romanowicz and Giardini 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Romanowicz and Giardini 2001)
  • Three authors: (Hong, Hendrix, and Levine 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Morello et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Sociology of Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0962-0214
ISSN (online)1747-5066
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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