How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lloyd S. Going into reverse. Nature 2004;430:971.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kaufman AJ, Xiao S. High CO2 levels in the Proterozoic atmosphere estimated from analyses of individual microfossils. Nature 2003;425:279–282.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bao J, Lee H-J, Zheng JJ. Genome-wide network analysis of Wnt signaling in three pediatric cancers. Sci Rep 2013;3:2969.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Coltman DW, O’Donoghue P, Jorgenson JT, Hogg JT, Strobeck C, Festa-Bianchet M. Undesirable evolutionary consequences of trophy hunting. Nature 2003;426:655–658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Webb RC. Tele-Visionaries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Sworder DD. Locating, Classifying and Countering Agile Land Vehicles: With Applications to Command Architectures. 1st ed. 2016. Boyd JE, ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kreutzer J. Cardiac Catheterization. In: Munoz R, Morell V, Cruz E, Vetterly C, eds. Critical Care of Children with Heart Disease: Basic Medical and Surgical Concepts London: Springer; 2010. p. 37–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Research.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. The Strange Process Of Coral Bleaching Is Caught On Camera For First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/the-strange-process-of-coral-bleaching-is-caught-on-camera-for-first-time/ (30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government Act: Agencies Have Implemented Most Provisions, but Key Areas of Attention Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Sep. Report No.: GAO-12-782.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Robles S. Transient over-voltages generated by solar photovoltaic inverters [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. What the Old House Hid. New York Times 2017;RE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Research
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Res.
ISSN (print)0008-6363
ISSN (online)1755-3245
ScopePhysiology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles