How to format your references using the International Soil and Water Conservation Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Soil and Water Conservation Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, P. L. (2008). Physics. Cold molecules beat the shakes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5899), 203–204.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crain, J. N., & Pierce, D. T. (2005). End states in one-dimensional atom chains. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5710), 703–706.
A journal article with 3 authors
Righton, D., Metcalfe, J., & Connolly, P. (2001). Fisheries. Different behaviour of North and Irish Sea cod. Nature, 411(6834), 156.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rocha, A. G., Franco, A., Krezel, A. M., Rumsey, J. M., Alberti, J. M., Knight, W. C., Biris, N., Zacharioudakis, E., Janetka, J. W., Baloh, R. H., Kitsis, R. N., Mochly-Rosen, D., Townsend, R. R., Gavathiotis, E., & Dorn, G. W., 2nd. (2018). MFN2 agonists reverse mitochondrial defects in preclinical models of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6386), 336–341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, C. L. (2009). Basic Process Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Finkl, C. W., & Makowski, C. (Eds.). (2016). Seafloor Mapping along Continental Shelves: Research and Techniques for Visualizing Benthic Environments (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 13). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gong, Z., Lin, Y., & Yao, T. (2013). Complementary Preference Relations of Triangular Fuzzy Numbers. In Y. Lin & T. Yao (Eds.), Uncertain Fuzzy Preference Relations and Their Applications (pp. 45–74). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Soil and Water Conservation Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 26). New “Natural Disasters” Report Reveals Billions Of People Worldwide At Risk. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Excess Classroom Space--A Case for Better Planning (GGD-76-73). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, S. D. (2014). Putting out fires: How communication professionals understand and practice conflict resolution [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky, M. (2017, October 30). The Silence of the Democrats. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Crain & Pierce, 2005; Gould, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crain & Pierce, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Righton et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rocha et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Soil and Water Conservation Research
AbbreviationInt. Soil Water Conserv. Res.
ISSN (print)2095-6339

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