How to format your references using the International Soil and Water Conservation Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Soil and Water Conservation Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Osterholm, M. T. (2005). A weapon the world needs. Nature, 435(7041), 417–418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pullum, G. K., & Scholz, B. C. (2001). More than words. Nature, 413(6854), 367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bobrov, K., Mayne, A. J., & Dujardin, G. (2001). Atomic-scale imaging of insulating diamond through resonant electron injection. Nature, 413(6856), 616–619.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, Z.-H., Shi, Y., Tibbetts, R. S., & Miyamoto, S. (2006). Molecular linkage between the kinase ATM and NF-kappaB signaling in response to genotoxic stimuli. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5764), 1141–1146.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumer, P. D. (2005). Mathematical Journeys. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ivanov, I., van Sinderen, M., & Shishkov, B. (Eds.). (2012). Cloud Computing and Services Science. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Spetich, M. A., Perry, R. W., Harper, C. A., & Clark, S. L. (2011). Fire in Eastern Hardwood Forests Through 14,000 Years. In C. Greenberg, B. Collins, & F. Thompson III (Eds.), Sustaining Young Forest Communities: Ecology and Management of early successional habitats in the central hardwood region, USA (pp. 41–58). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Soil and Water Conservation Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 18). This Ultrathin “Invisibility Cloak” Makes It Impossible To See Microscopic Objects. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures (RCED-86-162BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Youngbull, N. R. (2017). The (Un)Success of American Indian Gates Millennium Scholars Within Institutions of Higher Education [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2002, December 19). The Dreaded Call. A Hole in the Art. Now It’s Settled. New York Times, E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Osterholm, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Osterholm, 2005; Pullum & Scholz, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pullum & Scholz, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Bobrov et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Soil and Water Conservation Research
AbbreviationInt. Soil Water Conserv. Res.
ISSN (print)2095-6339

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