How to format your references using the Chemical Biology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Biology Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Vunjak-Novakovic. Cardiac biology: A protein for healing infarcted hearts. Nature 2015, 525 (7570), 461–462.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.R. Berenbaum, T. Eisner. Ecology. Bugs’ bugs. Science 2008, 322 (5898), 52–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.K. Nielsen, T. Bjørnholm, O.G. Mouritsen. Fluctuations caught in the act. Nature 2000, 404 (6776), 352.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
K.S. Chichak, S.J. Cantrill, A.R. Pease, et al. Molecular borromean rings. Science 2004, 304 (5675), 1308–1312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Parker. International Valuation Standards; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
New Directions in Geriatric Medicine: Concepts, Trends, and Evidence-Based Practice; Lindquist, L. A., Ed.; Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Liu, W. Cai, B. Cui, M. Wang. Synthetic Evaluation Method of Electronic Visual Display Terminal Visual Performance Based on the Letter Search Task. In Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality: 7th International Conference, VAMR 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings; Shumaker, R., Lackey, S., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015; pp 30–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Biology Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew. Researcher Finds Support For One Of Darwin’s Controversial Theories (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: FTA’s Projections Could Better Reflect State and Local Needs; T-RCED-93-17; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.T. Valley. Deciphering the function of granule cell interneurons in the mouse main olfactory bulb: Insights from adult neurogenesis and local-field potentials. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin. Never Mind the Ratings. New York Times. August 10, 2017, p B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Biology Letters
ISSN (print)2347-9825

Other styles