How to format your references using the Chemical Biology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Biology Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Blinkhorn. Yes, but what’s it for? Nature 2001, 412 (6849), 771.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.N. Moore, S.F. Simmons. Geophysics. More power from below. Science 2013, 340 (6135), 933–934.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.L. Hedrick, B. Cheng, X. Deng. Wingbeat time and the scaling of passive rotational damping in flapping flight. Science 2009, 324 (5924), 252–255.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
A. Kamikouchi, H.K. Inagaki, T. Effertz, et al. The neural basis of Drosophila gravity-sensing and hearing. Nature 2009, 458 (7235), 165–171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O. Stevenson. Neglected Children and Their Families; Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
Electroporation and Sonoporation in Developmental Biology; Nakamura, H., Ed.; Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Kerres. Applications of Acid–Base Blend Concepts to Intermediate Temperature Membranes. In High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells: Approaches, Status, and Perspectives; Li, Q., Aili, D., Hjuler, H. A., Jensen, J. O., Eds.; Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016; pp 59–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Biology Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew. The Amazing Things Poo Can Tell You About An Animal’s Health (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Security Weaknesses at IRS’ Cyberfile Data Center; AIMD-96-85R; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.W. Green. The influence of satisfaction among African American males on community college choices. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow. Some Want a Cultural Hub; Others See a Center on Steroids. New York Times. September 22, 2002, p 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Biology Letters
ISSN (print)2347-9825

Other styles