How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Whitesides GM. The origins and the future of microfluidics. Nature. 2006;442(7101):368-373.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Salters VJM, Dick HJB. Mineralogy of the mid-ocean-ridge basalt source from neodymium isotopic composition of abyssal peridotites. Nature. 2002;418(6893):68-72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Flachsova M, Sindelka R, Kubista M. Single blastomere expression profiling of Xenopus laevis embryos of 8 to 32-cells reveals developmental asymmetry. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2278.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Miller MM, Melbourne T, Johnson DJ, Sumner WQ. Periodic slow earthquakes from the Cascadia subduction zone. Science. 2002;295(5564):2423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chen N. Aerothermodynamics of Turbomachinery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Peng W-C, Wang H, Bailey J, et al., eds. Trends and Applications in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: PAKDD 2014 International Workshops: DANTH, BDM, MobiSocial, BigEC, CloudSD, MSMV-MBI, SDA, DMDA-Health, ALSIP, SocNet, DMBIH, BigPMA,Tainan, Taiwan, May 13-16, 2014. Revised Selected Papers. Vol 8643. Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
El Miedany Y. PROMs for Rheumatoid Arthritis. In: El Miedany Y, ed. Patient Reported Outcome Measures in Rheumatic Diseases. Springer International Publishing; 2016:101-120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Two Comets For New Year’s Eve. IFLScience. Published December 30, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/two-comets-for-new-years-eve/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Public Transportation: Federal Role in Value Capture Strategies for Transit Is Limited, but Additional Guidance Could Help Clarify Policies. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chlarson-Varner G. Falls among older adults 65 years and older. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. ‘Sisters in Law.’ New York Times. September 20, 2015:BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Med. Imaging Radiat. Sci.
ISSN (print)1939-8654
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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