How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marx V. Neurobiology: Brain mapping in high resolution. Nature. 2013;503(7474):147-152.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Deban SM, Olson WM. Suction feeding by a tiny predatory tadpole. Nature. 2002;420(6911):41-42.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kalokairinou L, Howard HC, Borry P. Science and Regulation. Changes on the horizon for consumer genomics in the EU. Science. 2014;346(6207):296-298.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Corder R, Douthwaite JA, Lees DM, et al. Endothelin-1 synthesis reduced by red wine. Nature. 2001;414(6866):863-864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Etube LS. Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Offshore Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2000.
An edited book
1.
Ramanujam R, Sarukkai S, eds. Logic and Its Applications: Third Indian Conference, ICLA 2009, Chennai, India, January 7-11, 2009. Proceedings. Vol 5378. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Miklaszewska E, Kil K. Bank-Specific, Macroeconomic or Structural Variables: Which Explains Bank Enterprise Lending? The Evidence from Transition Countries. In: Carbó Valverde S, Cuadros Solas PJ, Rodríguez Fernández F, eds. Bank Funding, Financial Instruments and Decision-Making in the Banking Industry. EBRD working paper no. 169. Springer International Publishing; 2016:63-94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Legalization Of Cannabis Dramatically Cuts Opioid Abuse Rates. IFLScience. Published April 5, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/legalization-of-cannabis-dramatically-cuts-opioid-abuse-rates/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. State Department: The July 2006 Evacuation of American Citizens from Lebanon. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Baruth LE. Joan Tower and the clarinet: An examination of her compositional style and a performer’s guide to “RAIN WAVES” (1997) and “A GIFT” (2007). Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Winerip M, Schwirtz M. Prison Guard ‘Beat Up Squad’ Blamed in Death. New York Times. August 18, 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Med. Imaging Radiat. Sci.
ISSN (print)1939-8654
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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