How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Westall F. Evolution. Life on the early Earth: a sedimentary view. Science. 2005;308(5720):366-367.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Curtis TP, Sloan WT. Microbiology. Exploring microbial diversity--a vast below. Science. 2005;309(5739):1331-1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Scarf D, Hayne H, Colombo M. Pigeons on par with primates in numerical competence. Science. 2011;334(6063):1664.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhang J, Green HW, Bozhilov K, Jin Z. Faulting induced by precipitation of water at grain boundaries in hot subducting oceanic crust. Nature. 2004;428(6983):633-636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Beg D, Kuhlmann U, Davaine L, Braun B. Design of Plated Structures. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Melesse AM, ed. Nile River Basin: Hydrology, Climate and Water Use. 1st ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Leve FA, Hamilton BJ, Peck MA. Dynamics of Momentum-Control Systems. In: Hamilton BJ, Peck MA, eds. Spacecraft Momentum Control Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:57-93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. These Strange Goo Balls Keep Washing Up On U.S. Beaches. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/strange-goo-balls-are-washing-us-beaches/. Published July 24, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Technological and Regulatory Factors Affecting Consumer Choice of Internet Providers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Golf F. Search for New Physics in a Final State with Same-Sign Dileptons, Jets, and Missing Transverse Energy at 7 TeV Center of Mass Energy. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Urbina I. A Model for ‘Clean Coal’ Goes Awry. New York Times. July 5, 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Med. Imaging Radiat. Sci.
ISSN (print)1939-8654
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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