How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Foster KR. Biomedicine. Hamiltonian medicine: why the social lives of pathogens matter. Science. 2005;308(5726):1269-1270.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Garcia-Castellanos D, Villaseñor A. Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc. Nature. 2011;480(7377):359-363.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Canestrelli D, Bisconti R, Nascetti G. Extensive unidirectional introgression between two salamander lineages of ancient divergence and its evolutionary implications. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6516.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yudushkin IA, Schleifenbaum A, Kinkhabwala A, Neel BG, Schultz C, Bastiaens PIH. Live-cell imaging of enzyme-substrate interaction reveals spatial regulation of PTP1B. Science. 2007;315(5808):115-119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bragg SM. The New CEO Corporate Leadership Manual. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Privat M. Pro IOS Persistence: Using Core Data. (Warner R, ed.). Apress; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Campbell-Kelly M. From Theory to Practice: The Invention of Programming, 1947-51. In: Jones CB, Lloyd JL, eds. Dependable and Historic Computing: Essays Dedicated to Brian Randell on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2011:23-37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Early Universe Galaxies Like Ours Are Surrounded By “Super Halos.” IFLScience. Published March 23, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/early-universe-galaxies-like-ours-are-surrounded-by-super-halos/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Education Information: Production and Quality Deserve Increased Attention. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alzaaq AY. Arabic adaptation of loanwords: An empirical examination of pharyngealization and vowel epenthesis. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. Inquiry Into Gosman’s, Up for Sale, Continues. New York Times. January 7, 2007:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Med. Imaging Radiat. Sci.
ISSN (print)1939-8654
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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