How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Language lessons: Heidelberg. Nature. 2003;423(6937):364-365.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
McCalley CK, Sparks JP. Abiotic gas formation drives nitrogen loss from a desert ecosystem. Science. 2009;326(5954):837-840.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Jasny BR, Zahn LM, Marshall E. Complex systems and networks. Connections. Introduction. Science. 2009;325(5939):405.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Martín-Ponce E, Hernández-Betancor I, González-Reimers E, Hernández-Luis R, Martínez-Riera A, Santolaria F. Prognostic value of physical function tests: hand grip strength and six-minute walking test in elderly hospitalized patients. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Heitz E, Kreysa G. Grundlagen Der Technischen Elektrochemie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Velde CR, ed. International Perspectives on Competence in the Workplace: Implications for Research, Policy and Practice. Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wilcox AB. Leveraging Electronic Health Records for Phenotyping. In: Payne PRO, Embi PJ, eds. Translational Informatics: Realizing the Promise of Knowledge-Driven Healthcare. Health Informatics. Springer; 2015:61-74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. How Microbes Make Methane. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: FTA’s Progress in Developing and Implementing a New Starts Evaluation Process. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chakravarty S. Harvesting Health: Fertilizer, Nutrition and AIDS Treatment in Kenya. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Tigers’ Cabrera Speaks Cordially and Carries a Big Stick. New York Times. October 3, 2011:D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Med. Imaging Radiat. Sci.
ISSN (print)1939-8654
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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