How to format your references using the Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Childress, L. (2014). Physics. Diamond dynamics under control. Science 345, 1247–1248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu, F., and Zhang, X. (2013). The Wnt signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of phagocytosis of virus in Drosophila. Sci. Rep. 3, 2069.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fry, S. N., Sayaman, R., and Dickinson, M. H. (2003). The aerodynamics of free-flight maneuvers in Drosophila. Science 300, 495–498.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Page, S. E., Siegert, F., Rieley, J. O., Boehm, H.-D. V., Jaya, A., and Limin, S. (2002). The amount of carbon released from peat and forest fires in Indonesia during 1997. Nature 420, 61–65.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiasson, A. D. (2016). Geothermal Heat Pump and Heat Engine Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ghoshal, D. ed. (2005). Current Perspectives in High Energy Physics: Lectures from SERC Schools. Gurgaon: Hindustan Book Agency.
A chapter in an edited book
Tompa, P. (2009). “Bioinformatics Approaches to the Structure and Function of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins,” in From Protein Structure to Function with Bioinformatics, ed. D. J. Rigden (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 113–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Morgan Freeman’s Voice on Helium. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/morgan-freeman’s-voice-helium/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Federal Student Loans: Challenges in Estimating Federal Subsidy Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaminsky, E. (2006). Schumann’s Op. 14: Original, Revised and Edited (“Concerto without Orchestra” versus Piano Sonata No. 3).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016). Bill Is Passed to Ban Bots That Ticket Scalpers Use. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Childress, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Zhu and Zhang, 2013; Childress, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhu and Zhang, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Page et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Aquatic Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
ScopeMicrobiology
Microbiology (medical)

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