How to format your references using the Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ibáñez Insa, J. (2013). Geochemistry. Reformulating table salt under pressure. Science 342, 1459–1460.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wyithe, J. S. B., and Loeb, A. (2004). A large neutral fraction of cosmic hydrogen a billion years after the Big Bang. Nature 427, 815–817.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berg, E., Metlitski, M. A., and Sachdev, S. (2012). Sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo of the onset of antiferromagnetism in metals. Science 338, 1606–1609.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen, S.-H., Hung, W.-C., Wang, P., Paul, C., and Konstantopoulos, K. (2013). Mesothelin binding to CA125/MUC16 promotes pancreatic cancer cell motility and invasion via MMP-7 activation. Sci. Rep. 3, 1870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, A. (2014). Small Animal Pathology for Veterinary Technicians. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Martinoli, A., Mondada, F., Correll, N., Mermoud, G., Egerstedt, M., Hsieh, M. A., et al. eds. (2013). Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems: The 10th International Symposium. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Richter, K.-F., and Winter, S. (2014). “Conceptual Aspects: How Landmarks Can Be Described in Data Models,” in Landmarks: GIScience for Intelligent Services, ed. S. Winter (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 109–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Drink A Glass Of Olive Oil Every Day – The Mediterranean Way To A Long Life. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Surface Transportation: Issues Associated With Pipeline Regulation by the Surface Transportation Board. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hayes, E. T. (2012). Musical improvisation and the creative process.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Mets Add Familia To Long List Of Injured. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ibáñez Insa, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Wyithe and Loeb, 2004; Ibáñez Insa, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wyithe and Loeb, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Aquatic Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles