How to format your references using the Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J. (2010). The Gonzo Scientist. Calling all dancing scientists! Science 328, 1226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Andrew, P., and Barnes, W. L. (2004). Energy transfer across a metal film mediated by surface plasmon polaritons. Science 306, 1002–1005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Betschinger, J., Mechtler, K., and Knoblich, J. A. (2003). The Par complex directs asymmetric cell division by phosphorylating the cytoskeletal protein Lgl. Nature 422, 326–330.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kefalov, V., Fu, Y., Marsh-Armstrong, N., and Yau, K.-W. (2003). Role of visual pigment properties in rod and cone phototransduction. Nature 425, 526–531.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandey, J. N. (1995). The Hilbert Transform of Schwartz Distributions and Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Antoniou, G., Grobelnik, M., Simperl, E., Parsia, B., Plexousakis, D., Leenheer, P. D., et al. eds. (2011). The Semantic Web: Research and Applications: 8th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2011, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, May 29-June 2, 2011, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Garvis, S., and Tekin, A. K. (2016). “A Comparative Study of Early Childhood Teacher self-efficacy for arts Education in Australia and Oman,” in Asia-Pacific Perspectives on Teacher Self-Efficacy, eds. S. Garvis and D. Pendergast (Rotterdam: SensePublishers), 71–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Two Lions Were Shot Dead After A Naked Man Tried To Feed Himself To Them. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/two-lions-were-shot-dead-after-naked-man-tried-feed-himself-them/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975). Inefficient Management of F-14 Spare Parts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J. (2010). Viviendo en las sombras: Examining the educational experiences of undocumented immigrant Latino students in a public secondary school setting.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). Film Series. New York Times, C20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Andrew and Barnes, 2004; Bohannon, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Andrew and Barnes, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kefalov et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Aquatic Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
ScopeMicrobiology
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles