How to format your references using the Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern, P. (2010). Glia. Glee for glia. Introduction. Science 330, 773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tulin, A., and Spradling, A. (2003). Chromatin loosening by poly(ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) at Drosophila puff loci. Science 299, 560–562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoon, J. W., Song, S. H., and Magnusson, R. (2014). Ultrahigh-Q metallic nanocavity resonances with externally-amplified intracavity feedback. Sci. Rep. 4, 7124.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Velikov, K. P., Christova, C. G., Dullens, R. P. A., and van Blaaderen, A. (2002). Layer-by-layer growth of binary colloidal crystals. Science 296, 106–109.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilmshurst, L. (2012). Clinical and Educational Child Psychology. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wille, R. (2010). Towards a Design Flow for Reversible Logic. , ed. R. Drechsler Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Roy, P., Kar, B., and Hussain, I. (2015). “Trajectory Control of a Ball in a Ball and Plate System Using Cascaded PD Controllers Tuned by PSO,” in Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2014, Volume 2 Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing., eds. K. N. Das, K. Deep, M. Pant, J. C. Bansal, and A. Nagar (New Delhi: Springer India), 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015). Scientists Photograph Rare Teddy Bear-Like Creature For The First Time In Decades. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Telecommunications: Additional Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed for High-Speed Internet Access Programs on Tribal Lands. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, N. M. (2010). The influence of formal and informal support on the quality of life of individuals with a severe mental illness.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Furey, J. (2017). The Saltshaker Trick. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stern, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Tulin and Spradling, 2003; Stern, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tulin and Spradling, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Velikov et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Aquatic Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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