How to format your references using the Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seiff, A. (2000). Dynamics of Jupiter’s atmosphere. Nature 403, 603, 605.
A journal article with 2 authors
Santner, A., and Estelle, M. (2009). Recent advances and emerging trends in plant hormone signalling. Nature 459, 1071–1078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, J., Shen, L., and Zheng, D. (2014). Association between vitamin C intake and lung cancer: a dose-response meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6161.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Park, S. Y., Lytton-Jean, A. K. R., Lee, B., Weigand, S., Schatz, G. C., and Mirkin, C. A. (2008). DNA-programmable nanoparticle crystallization. Nature 451, 553–556.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinebretière, R. (2010). X-ray Diffraction by Polycrystalline Materials. London, UK: ISTE.
An edited book
Papajorgji, P. J. (2006). Software Engineering Techniques Applied to Agricultural Systems: An Object-Oriented and UML Approach. , ed. P. M. Pardalos Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Sinha, D., and Chaki, R. (2011). “SRCHS – A Stable Reliable Cluster Head Selection Protocol,” in Recent Trends in Wireless and Mobile Networks: Third International Conferences, WiMo 2011 and CoNeCo 2011, Ankara, Turkey, June 26-28, 2011. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science., eds. A. Özcan, J. Zizka, and D. Nagamalai (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). New research suggests the most recent ancestor of Neanderthals and modern humans has not yet been discovered. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987). Aircraft Modifications: Overestimates of Costs Generate Excess Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magda, B. (2009). Increasing efficacy of emergency departments through systems analysis of enterprise architecture: Mitigating the impact of technological change.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B. (2016). Where the Party Moves From Room to Room. New York Times, D9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seiff, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Seiff, 2000; Santner and Estelle, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Santner and Estelle, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Aquatic Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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