How to format your references using the International Review of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Offerman, S. E. (2004). Materials science. Microstructures in 4D. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 190–191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Geisler, J. H., & Theodor, J. M. (2009). Hippopotamus and whale phylogeny. Nature, 458(7236), E1-4; discussion E5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mancini, G., Ferrari, P. F., & Palagi, E. (2013). Rapid facial mimicry in geladas. Scientific Reports, 3, 1527.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ovchinnikov, I. V., Götherström, A., Romanova, G. P., Kharitonov, V. M., Lidén, K., & Goodwin, W. (2000). Molecular analysis of Neanderthal DNA from the northern Caucasus. Nature, 404(6777), 490–493.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant, F. M. (2004). Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nedjah, N., Mourelle, L. de M., & Alba, E. (Eds.). (2006). Parallel Evolutionary Computations (Vol. 22). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenkrantz, D. J., Stearns, R. E., & Lewis, P. M. (2009). System Level Concurrency Control for Distributed Database Systems. In S. S. Ravi & S. K. Shukla (Eds.), Fundamental Problems in Computing: Essays in Honor of Professor Daniel J. Rosenkrantz (pp. 71–98). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, February 27). “Ring Of Fire” Eclipse Sweeps Across South America And Africa. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). No Child Left Behind Act: Additional Assistance and Research on Effective Strategies Would Help Small Rural Districts (GAO-04-909). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts, J. E. (2010). Process evaluation of the Instant Word Notebook [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, March 9). Black Mask Plans YouTube Comics Channels and Animated Movies. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Offerman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Geisler & Theodor, 2009; Offerman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Geisler & Theodor, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Mancini et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ovchinnikov et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Economics and Finance
ISSN (print)1059-0560
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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