How to format your references using the International Review of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robbins, M. (2011). Policy: Fuelling politics. Nature, 474(7352), S22-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Owen, J., & Hector, A. (2014). Materials science. Phase-transforming electrodes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6191), 1451–1452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilson, A. H., Shirey, S. B., & Carlson, R. W. (2003). Archaean ultra-depleted komatiites formed by hydrous melting of cratonic mantle. Nature, 423(6942), 858–861.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Srinivasan, J., Kaplan, F., Ajredini, R., Zachariah, C., Alborn, H. T., Teal, P. E. A., Malik, R. U., Edison, A. S., Sternberg, P. W., & Schroeder, F. C. (2008). A blend of small molecules regulates both mating and development in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature, 454(7208), 1115–1118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hickey, R. (2013). A Dictionary of Varieties of English. John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Wilson, J. P., & Tang, C. S.-K. (Eds.). (2007). Cross-Cultural Assessment of Psychological Trauma and PTSD. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Jónsson, Á., & Sigurgeirsson, H. (2016). Worthless Currency? In H. Sigurgeirsson (Ed.), The Icelandic Financial Crisis: A Study into the World´s Smallest Currency Area and its Recovery from Total Banking Collapse (pp. 139–171). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 18). Amazonian Turtle Mothers “Talk” To Their Offspring. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Proposed Amendments to the 1978 Labor, Health, Education, and Welfare Appropriations Bill (B-163922.56). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer, K. A. (2010). System for Identifying Plankton from the SIPPER Instrument Platform [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, June 9). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Inquiry Into British Council. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robbins, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Owen & Hector, 2014; Robbins, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Owen & Hector, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Wilson et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Srinivasan et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Economics and Finance
ISSN (print)1059-0560
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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