How to format your references using the International Review of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mann, M. E. (2000). CLIMATE CHANGE: Lessons for a New Millennium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5477), 253–254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jørgensen, H. F., & Fisher, A. G. (2010). Can controversies be put to REST? Nature, 467(7311), E3-4; discussion E5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niemeier, M., Crawford, J. D., & Tweed, D. B. (2003). Optimal transsaccadic integration explains distorted spatial perception. Nature, 422(6927), 76–80.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chin, J. W., Cropp, T. A., Anderson, J. C., Mukherji, M., Zhang, Z., & Schultz, P. G. (2003). An expanded eukaryotic genetic code. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5635), 964–967.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Machin, D., & Campbell, M. J. (2005). Design of Studies for Medical Research. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cappé, O. (2005). Inference in Hidden Markov Models (E. Moulines & T. Rydén, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sobhy, D., Bahsoon, R., Minku, L., & Kazman, R. (2016). Diversifying Software Architecture for Sustainability: A Value-Based Perspective. In B. Tekinerdogan, U. Zdun, & A. Babar (Eds.), Software Architecture: 10th European Conference, ECSA 2016, Copenhagen, Denmark, November 28 -- December 2, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 55–63). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 20). Cone Snails Drug Prey With Weaponized Insulin. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts (No. GAO-06-181T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon, J. R. (2012). Microwave-supported acid hydrolysis for proteomics (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2012, July 15). Mystery House. New York Times, p. ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mann, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Jørgensen & Fisher, 2010; Mann, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jørgensen & Fisher, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Niemeier, Crawford, & Tweed, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chin et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Economics and Finance
ISSN (print)1059-0560
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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