How to format your references using the International Review of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pogue, B. W. (2014). Technology: ultrafast imaging takes on a new design. Nature, 516(7529), 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belkhadir, Y., & Chory, J. (2006). Brassinosteroid signaling: a paradigm for steroid hormone signaling from the cell surface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5804), 1410–1411.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichenbach, T., Mobilia, M., & Frey, E. (2007). Mobility promotes and jeopardizes biodiversity in rock-paper-scissors games. Nature, 448(7157), 1046–1049.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sala, E., Aburto-Oropeza, O., Paredes, G., Parra, I., Barrera, J. C., & Dayton, P. K. (2002). A general model for designing networks of marine reserves. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5600), 1991–1993.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pines, J. M., Carpenter, C. R., Raja, A. S., & Schuur, J. D. (2012). Evidence-Based Emergency Care. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ballestar, E. (Ed.). (2011). Epigenetic Contributions in Autoimmune Disease (Vol. 711). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Gosney, M. W., & Hughes, C. (2016). The Industrial Revolution. In C. Hughes (Ed.), The History of Human Resource Development: Understanding the Unexplored Philosophies, Theories, and Methodologies (pp. 75–88). Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, April 29). Kenya Set To Burn World’s Largest Ever Ivory Stockpile. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). [Comments on Claim for Excess Valuation Charge] (B-254831). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hylton, J. K. (2016). Scatter; Or, A Series or Minor Inconveniences [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016, August 8). Disappearing Act: The Art and Fraud of Faking Your Own Death. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pogue, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Belkhadir & Chory, 2006; Pogue, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Belkhadir & Chory, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Reichenbach et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sala et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Economics and Finance
ISSN (print)1059-0560
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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