How to format your references using the International Review of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sudbery, P. (2002). Cell biology. When wee meets whi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 351–352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flowers, R. M., & Farley, K. A. (2012). Apatite 4He/3He and (U-Th)/He evidence for an ancient Grand Canyon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6114), 1616–1619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakamura, K., Takahashi, Y., & Fujiwara, T. (2014). Low-temperature excess heat capacity in fresnoite glass and crystal. Scientific Reports, 4, 6523.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gu, Z., Wei, W., Su, J., & Yu, C. W. (2013). The role of water content in triboelectric charging of wind-blown sand. Scientific Reports, 3, 1337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murray, A. (2015). The Complete Software Project Manager. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Casteleyn, S. (2009). Engineering Web Applications (F. Daniel, P. Dolog, & M. Matera, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cappabianca, P., De Caro, M. D. B., & Brunetti, A. (2016). Introduction. In P. Cappabianca, L. M. Cavallo, O. de Divitiis, & F. Esposito (Eds.), Midline Skull Base Surgery (pp. 61–67). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 1). How Can Dark Matter Cause Chaos On Earth Every 30 Million Years? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Bureau of Indian Affairs: Distribution of Fiscal Year 2000 Indian Reservation Roads Funds (OGC-00-26). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hamilton, S. M. (2015). An Investigation of the Mass Balance of Oil and Gas Produced Versus Estimated Reserves Remaining within the A.W.P. Field, McMullen County, Texas [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011, August 29). Irene Adds To Bad Year For Insurers. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sudbery, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Flowers & Farley, 2012; Sudbery, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flowers & Farley, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Nakamura et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Economics and Finance
ISSN (print)1059-0560
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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