How to format your references using the International Review of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tata, J. (2004). The domino effect. Nature, 431(7008), 513.
A journal article with 2 authors
Foustoukos, D. I., & Seyfried, W. E., Jr. (2004). Hydrocarbons in hydrothermal vent fluids: the role of chromium-bearing catalysts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5673), 1002–1005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ioannou, C. C., Guttal, V., & Couzin, I. D. (2012). Predatory fish select for coordinated collective motion in virtual prey. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6099), 1212–1215.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, N., Dong, S., Fu, Z., Yan, Z., Chang, F., & Liu, J. (2014). Phase transition and phase separation in multiferroic orthorhombic Dy(1-x)Ho(x)MnO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1). Scientific Reports, 4, 6506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.G. Upton, G. (2016). Categorical Data Analysis by Example. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nichol, R. (Ed.). (2011). Growing up Indigenous: Developing Effective Pedagogy for Education and Development. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Thielen, C., & Krumke, S. O. (2009). Truthful Mechanisms for Selfish Routing and Two-Parameter Agents. In M. Mavronicolas & V. G. Papadopoulou (Eds.), Algorithmic Game Theory: Second International Symposium, SAGT 2009, Paphos, Cyprus, October 18-20, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 36–47). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, November 14). Global Carbon Emissions Plateau For The Third Year In A Row. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Making Progress, but Planned Savings Goals Need to Be Established [Reissued on March 4, 2016] (GAO-16-323). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuang, S.-Y. H. (2010). “And the War Came”: A memorial to devastated lives [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, October 31). Indians’ Kluber Emerges as a Postseason Power. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tata, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Foustoukos & Seyfried, 2004; Tata, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Foustoukos & Seyfried, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Ioannou et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Economics and Finance
ISSN (print)1059-0560
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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