How to format your references using the Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, M.D.: A biophysicist marvels at the idea of grabbing microscopic particles with light by tweaking its phase. Nature. 454, 921 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Belle, M.D.C., Piggins, H.D.: Physiology. Circadian time redoxed. Science. 337, 805–806 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Peiris, J.S.M., Poon, L.L.M., Guan, Y.: Public health. Surveillance of animal influenza for pandemic preparedness. Science. 335, 1173–1174 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Diplas, P., Dancey, C.L., Celik, A.O., Valyrakis, M., Greer, K., Akar, T.: The role of impulse on the initiation of particle movement under turbulent flow conditions. Science. 322, 717–720 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety: Guidelines for Process Safety Documentation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (1995)
An edited book
Lübbert, M., Jones, P.A. eds: Epigenetic Therapy of Cancer: Preclinical Models and Treatment Approaches. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Jofré Luna, I.C.: The Mark of the Indian Still Inhabits Our Body: On Ethics and Disciplining in South American Archaeology. In: Haber, A. and Shepherd, N. (eds.) After Ethics: Ancestral Voices and Post-Disciplinary Worlds in Archaeology. pp. 55–78. Springer, New York, NY (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Why Is This Sea Lion Chasing These Poor King Penguins?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FEA Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1976)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGrath, P.M.: Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008: A policy analysis, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: Hello, P.L.O.? This Is Israel, via Oslo, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society
AbbreviationBull. Malays. Math. Sci. Soc.
ISSN (print)0126-6705
ISSN (online)2180-4206
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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