How to format your references using the Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Römling, U.: Microbiology: bacterial communities as capitalist economies. Nature. 497, 321–322 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonnet, R.-M., Bleeker, J.A.M.: Astrophysics. A dark age for space astronomy? Science. 333, 161–162 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Blaha, G., Stanley, R.E., Steitz, T.A.: Formation of the first peptide bond: the structure of EF-P bound to the 70S ribosome. Science. 325, 966–970 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, H., Qi, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Lu, C., Xiao, Y., Wang, B., Niu, W.: Interactive contribution of serine/threonine kinase 39 gene multiple polymorphisms to hypertension among northeastern Han Chinese. Sci. Rep. 4, 5116 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Melville, A.: Political Atlas of the Modern World. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Kalra, M.K., Saini, S., Rubin, G.D. eds: MDCT: From Protocols to Practice. Springer, Milano (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Heredia, R.R., López, B.G., García, O., Altamira, W.A., González, P.G.: Bilingual Reading: The Visual Moving Window. In: Heredia, R.R., Altarriba, J., and Cieślicka, A.B. (eds.) Methods in Bilingual Reading Comprehension Research. pp. 99–121. Springer, New York, NY (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Thousands Of These Bizarre Blue Animals Wash Up Along California Shores


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Problems Plague National Weather Service ADP System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1981)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
White, A.E.: Female ministers in pastoral leadership: A phenomenological study, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.: THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Settles Into Theme Of Inclusion and Consensus, (1992)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society
AbbreviationBull. Malays. Math. Sci. Soc.
ISSN (print)0126-6705
ISSN (online)2180-4206
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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