How to format your references using the Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hamburg, M.A.: Science and regulation. FDA’s approach to regulation of products of nanotechnology. Science. 336, 299–300 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien, S.J., Murphy, W.J.: Genomics. A dog’s breakfast? Science. 301, 1854–1855 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Yin, J., Sun, Y., Ge, F.: Reduced plant nutrition under elevated CO₂ depresses the immunocompetence of cotton bollworm against its endoparasite. Sci. Rep. 4, 4538 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Holmgren, M., Wagg, J., Bezanilla, F., Rakowski, R.F., De Weer, P., Gadsby, D.C.: Three distinct and sequential steps in the release of sodium ions by the Na+/K+-ATPase. Nature. 403, 898–901 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Westermeier, R.: Electrophoresis in Practice. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2004)
An edited book
Chen, Y., Dimitriou, T.D., Zhou, J. eds: Security and Privacy in Communication Networks: 5th International ICST Conference, SecureComm 2009, Athens, Greece, September 14-18, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Jiménez-Cruz, E., Arroyo-Maya, I.J., Hernández-Arana, A., Cornejo-Mazón, M., Hernández-Sánchez, H.: Protein-Based Nanoparticles. In: Hernández-Sánchez, H. and Gutiérrez-López, G.F. (eds.) Food Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. pp. 69–79. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Solar Superflares Might Be Responsible For Life On Earth


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: School Bus Safety: Crash Data Trends and Federal and State Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2017)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Finley, S.: How online communication and social media networking are used in alcohol use treatment, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Distance Learning: RussiaIs Reaching Out, (2001)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society
AbbreviationBull. Malays. Math. Sci. Soc.
ISSN (print)0126-6705
ISSN (online)2180-4206
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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