How to format your references using the Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A.: Danish biotech centre faces axe. Nature. 422, 105 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Komatsu, T., Itino, T.: Moth caterpillar solicits for homopteran honeydew. Sci. Rep. 4, 3922 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, K., Zhong, G., Zhuang, X.: Actin, spectrin, and associated proteins form a periodic cytoskeletal structure in axons. Science. 339, 452–456 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Y., He, X., Ouyang, J., Yang, H.: Palladium nanoparticles deposited on silanized halloysite nanotubes: synthesis, characterization and enhanced catalytic property. Sci. Rep. 3, 2948 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schuenemeyer, J.H., Drew, L.J.: Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
McLysaght, A., Huson, D.H. eds: Comparative Genomics: RECOMB 2005 International Workshop, RCG 2005, Dublin, Ireland, September 18-20, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Forzati, M., Chen, J., Kantor, M., Lannoo, B., Larsen, C.P., Mattsson, C., Mitcsenkov, A., Parca, G., Pereira, E., Pinto, A., Teixeira, A., Wosinska, L., Zuhdi, M.: Economics of Next-Generation Networks. In: Teixeira, A. and Tosi Beleffi, G.M. (eds.) Optical Transmission: The FP7 BONE Project Experience. pp. 235–274. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Hearing Ghost Voices Relies On Pseudoscience And Fallibility Of Human Perception,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Comments on Proposed FPR Subpart. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1981)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stockman, S.B.: Daughters of Yahweh: Recovering the deep feminine from the Yahweh complex, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: Appointee on Pensions, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society
AbbreviationBull. Malays. Math. Sci. Soc.
ISSN (print)0126-6705
ISSN (online)2180-4206
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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