How to format your references using the Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Piperno, D.R.: Archaeology. On maize and the sunflower. Science. 292, 2260–2261 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Chhangani, D., Mishra, A.: Mahogunin ring finger-1 (MGRN1) suppresses chaperone-associated misfolded protein aggregation and toxicity. Sci. Rep. 3, 1972 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Long, S.B., Campbell, E.B., Mackinnon, R.: Voltage sensor of Kv1.2: structural basis of electromechanical coupling. Science. 309, 903–908 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ryu, D.Y., Shin, K., Drockenmuller, E., Hawker, C.J., Russell, T.P.: A generalized approach to the modification of solid surfaces. Science. 308, 236–239 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morvillo, N.: Science and Religion. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Cao, J., Mao, K., Wu, J., Lendasse, A. eds: Proceedings of ELM-2015 Volume 2: Theory, Algorithms and Applications (II). Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Eguchi, K., Ochiai, N.: Movement Disorder and Rehabilitation. In: Sankai, Y., Suzuki, K., and Hasegawa, Y. (eds.) Cybernics: Fusion of human, machine and information systems. pp. 89–98. Springer Japan, Tokyo (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Mathematical Theory Explains Wrinkle Patterning,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: U.S. Aerospace Industry: Progress in Implementing Aerospace Commission Recommendations, and Remaining Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, Z.: Primary Isotope Effect on Secondary Kinetic Isotope Effects and Hammett Correlations in Hydride Transfer Reactions, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N., Kramer, A.E.: As the Ruble Swoons, Russians Desperately Shop, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society
AbbreviationBull. Malays. Math. Sci. Soc.
ISSN (print)0126-6705
ISSN (online)2180-4206
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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