How to format your references using the International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman, K. S. (2000). India’s finest, for hire. Nature, 407(6806), 830–831.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adams, W. W., & Baughman, R. H. (2005). Retrospective: Richard E. Smalley (1943-2005). Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5756), 1916.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alkire, M. T., Hudetz, A. G., & Tononi, G. (2008). Consciousness and anesthesia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5903), 876–880.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xie, S., Shan, X.-F., Shang, K., Xu, H., He, J., & Cai, Z.-G. (2014). Relevance of LIG4 gene polymorphisms with cancer susceptibility: evidence from a meta-analysis. Scientific Reports, 4, 6630.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vanbésien, O. (2012). Artificial Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yan, X. (Ed.). (2015). Dan Shen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) in Medicine: Volume 1. Biology and Chemistry. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kojevnikov, A., Kulikov, A. S., & Yaroslavtsev, G. (2009). Finding Efficient Circuits Using SAT-Solvers. In O. Kullmann (Ed.), Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing - SAT 2009: 12th International Conference, SAT 2009, Swansea, UK, June 30 - July 3, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 32–44). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 9). Timelapse Of Tarantula Molting Looks Like Alien Birth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Error in the Pell Grant Program (No. 127278). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, R. A. (2011). Spectroelectrochemical Sensing and Detection of Zinc in Serum by Anodic Stripping Voltammerty on a Bismuth Film Electrode [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, April 8). You Let Your Hair Down, and This Barkeep Cuts It. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Adams & Baughman, 2005; Jayaraman, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adams & Baughman, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Alkire et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xie et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Research in Geographical and Environmental Education
AbbreviationInt. Res. Geogr. Environ. Educ.
ISSN (print)1038-2046
ISSN (online)1747-7611
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles