How to format your references using the International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krause, D. W. (2001). Fossil molar from a Madagascan marsupial. Nature, 412(6846), 497–498.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bechler, M. E., & ffrench-Constant, C. (2014). Neuroscience. A new wrap for neuronal activity? Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6183), 480–481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maurya, S. R., Chaturvedi, D., & Mahalakshmi, R. (2013). Modulating lipid dynamics and membrane fluidity to drive rapid folding of a transmembrane barrel. Scientific Reports, 3, 1989.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lummis, S. C. R., Beene, D. L., Lee, L. W., Lester, H. A., Broadhurst, R. W., & Dougherty, D. A. (2005). Cis-trans isomerization at a proline opens the pore of a neurotransmitter-gated ion channel. Nature, 438(7065), 248–252.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lafontaine, E., & Comet, M. (2016). Nanothermites. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jung, G. (Ed.). (2012). Fluorescent Proteins II: Application of Fluorescent Protein Technology (Vol. 12). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hernandez, A. M., & Peterson, A. L. (2012). Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders and Pain. In R. J. Gatchel & I. Z. Schultz (Eds.), Handbook of Occupational Health and Wellness (pp. 63–85). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 27). 100,000 Flying Foxes Are Causing Chaos In A Small Australian Town. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Strategic Bombers: Adding Conventional Capabilities Will Be Complex, Time-Consuming, and Costly (No. NSIAD-93-45). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, M. S. (2017). Integrating Emergency Medical Services Into the Patient-Centered Medical Home (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W. K., & McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2014, January 7). 106 Are Charged in Lengthy Fraud Over Disabilities. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krause, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bechler & ffrench-Constant, 2014; Krause, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bechler & ffrench-Constant, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Maurya, Chaturvedi, & Mahalakshmi, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lummis et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Research in Geographical and Environmental Education
AbbreviationInt. Res. Geogr. Environ. Educ.
ISSN (print)1038-2046
ISSN (online)1747-7611
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles