How to format your references using the European Journal of Futures Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Futures Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bignami G (2009) Why we need space travel. Nature 460:325
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yoo AS, Greenwald I (2005) LIN-12/Notch activation leads to microRNA-mediated down-regulation of Vav in C. elegans. Science 310:1330–1333
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Serreze MC, Holland MM, Stroeve J (2007) Perspectives on the Arctic’s shrinking sea-ice cover. Science 315:1533–1536
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Gallarda BW, Bonanomi D, Müller D, et al (2008) Segregation of axial motor and sensory pathways via heterotypic trans-axonal signaling. Science 320:233–236

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
van Helvoort H (2006) SDH/SONET Explained in Functional Models. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Abonyi J (2007) Cluster Analysis for Data Mining and System Identification. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tomlinson SE, Lewis R, Carré MJ (2008) Friction between Players’ Hands and Sports Equipment (P7). In: Brisson P (ed) The Engineering of Sport 7: Vol. 1. Springer, Paris, pp 27–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Futures Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Quantum Dot Technology Could Lead To Solar Panel Windows. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/quantum-dot-technology-could-lead-solar-panel-windows/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2010) Information Technology: Opportunities Exist to Improve Management of DOD’s Electronic Health Record Initiative. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Short DD (2009) Assessing effectiveness and economic efficiency in California Community College transfer advising. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wilson M (2017) Chelsea Bomb Suspect Prevented Another Explosion, His Lawyer Claims. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Futures Research
ISSN (print)2195-4194
ISSN (online)2195-2248
Scope

Other styles