How to format your references using the European Journal of Futures Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Futures Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
López-Urrutia A (2003) Allometry: How reliable is the biological time clock? Nature 424:269–70; discussion 270
A journal article with 2 authors
Gatenby RA, Maini PK (2003) Mathematical oncology: cancer summed up. Nature 421:321
A journal article with 3 authors
Agulhon C, Fiacco TA, McCarthy KD (2010) Hippocampal short- and long-term plasticity are not modulated by astrocyte Ca2+ signaling. Science 327:1250–1254
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dominici N, Ivanenko YP, Cappellini G, et al (2011) Locomotor primitives in newborn babies and their development. Science 334:997–999

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murray B (2015) The Possibility of Culture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lehner M (2014) Power-to-Gas: Technology and Business Models. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Prants SV (2011) Hamiltonian Chaos with a Cold Atom in an Optical Lattice. In: Luo ACJ, Afraimovich V (eds) Hamiltonian Chaos Beyond the KAM Theory: Dedicated to George M. Zaslavsky (1935–2008). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 193–223

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Futures Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) New Research Into Expansion Of The Universe May Upend Physics As We Know It. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Space Funding: NASA and DOD Activities for Fiscal Years 1981 Through 1989. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Locicero LM (2014) The Effects of Vertical Casting Position in Reinforced Concrete. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2002) World Business Briefing | Europe: Russia: Smart Thieves Fail To Outwit Police. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Futures Research
ISSN (print)2195-4194
ISSN (online)2195-2248

Other styles