How to format your references using the European Journal of Futures Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Futures Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greer JR (2014) Chemistry. Nanoframe catalysts. Science 343:1319–1320
A journal article with 2 authors
Fyke J, Eby M (2012) Comment on “Climate sensitivity estimated from temperature reconstructions of the Last Glacial Maximum.” Science 337:1294; author reply 1294
A journal article with 3 authors
Khudiyev T, Dogan T, Bayindir M (2014) Biomimicry of multifunctional nanostructures in the neck feathers of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L.) drakes. Sci Rep 4:4718
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yu X-Y, Meng Q-Q, Luo T, et al (2013) Facet-dependent electrochemical properties of Co3O4 nanocrystals toward heavy metal ions. Sci Rep 3:2886

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2003) Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed Chemical Sites. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Musschenga B, van Harskamp A (2013) What Makes Us Moral? On the capacities and conditions for being moral. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Kerr CIV, Phaal R, Probert DR (2013) Roadmapping as a Responsive Mode to Government Policy: A Goal-Orientated Approach to Realising a Vision. In: Moehrle MG, Isenmann R, Phaal R (eds) Technology Roadmapping for Strategy and Innovation: Charting the Route to Success. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Futures Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) What Will Humans Look Like In 1,000 Years? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Broadcast and Cable Television: Requirements for Identifying Sponsored Programming Should Be Clarified. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skutt S (2017) Midlife Metamorphosis: Archetypal Imaginal Psychology in Midlife Rite of Passage. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J (2017) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Futures Research
ISSN (print)2195-4194
ISSN (online)2195-2248

Other styles