How to format your references using the International Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wu, Shengjun. 2013. State tomography via weak measurements. Scientific reports 3: 1193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roman, Joe, and Stephen R. Palumbi. 2003. Whales before whaling in the North Atlantic. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5632): 508–510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bean, Jacob L., Eliza Miller-Ricci Kempton, and Derek Homeier. 2010. A ground-based transmission spectrum of the super-Earth exoplanet GJ 1214b. Nature 468 (7324): 669–672.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ricci, Maria Teresa, Silvia Menegon, Simona Vatrano, Giorgia Mandrile, Natascia Cerrato, Paula Carvalho, Mario De Marchi, Fiorenzo Gaita, Carla Giustetto, and Daniela Francesca Giachino. 2014. SCN1B gene variants in Brugada Syndrome: a study of 145 SCN5A-negative patients. Scientific reports 4: 6470.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anaya-Lara, Olimpo, David Campos-Gaona, Edgar Moreno-Goytia, and Grain Adam. 2014. Offshore Wind Energy Generation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tomczyk, Steven, Jie Zhang, and Timothy Bastian, eds. 2014. Coronal Magnetometry. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Prins, Christian, and Samir Bouchenoua. 2005. A Memetic Algorithm Solving the VRP, the CARP and General Routing Problems with Nodes, Edges and Arcs. In Recent Advances in Memetic Algorithms, edited by William E. Hart, J. E. Smith, and N. Krasnogor, 65–85. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Organization.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. What Will Earth Look Like 100 Million Years From Now? IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at <>. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Computer-Based Patient Records: VA and DOD Efforts to Exchange Health Data Could Benefit from Improved Planning and Project Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Littlefield, Scott. 2017. Application of Discrete Event Simulation to Modeling Reliability of Highly Parallel Systems with Common Cause Failures. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 1999. Letting Nothing Stop the Streak. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Organization
AbbreviationInt. Organ.
ISSN (print)0020-8183
ISSN (online)1531-5088
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles