How to format your references using the International Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2004. State of the unions. Nature 428 (6986): 965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maselli, Vittorio, and Fabio Trincardi. 2013. Man made deltas. Scientific reports 3: 1926.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, H. Jesse, Julia Fahrenkamp-Uppenbrink, and Robert Coontz. 2009. Carbon capture and sequestration. Clearing the air. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5948): 1641.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Huang, Shih-Wei, Jia-Wei Lin, Wei-Te Wang, Chin-Wen Wu, Tsan-Hon Liou, and Hui-Wen Lin. 2014. Hyperthyroidism is a risk factor for developing adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a nationwide longitudinal population-based study. Scientific reports 4: 4183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroese, Dirk P., Thomas Taimre, Zdravko I. Botev, and Rueven Y. Rubinstein. 2007. Simulation and the Monte Carlo Method: Solutions Manual to Accompany. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Keating, Michael. 2007. Low Power Methodology Manual: For System-on-Chip Design. Edited by David Flynn, Robert Aitken, Alan Gibbons, and Kaijian Shi. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Jørgensen, Sven Erik. 2007. Application of ecological engineering principles in landscape management. In Multifunctional Land Use: Meeting Future Demands for Landscape Goods and Services, edited by Ülo Mander, Hubert Wiggering, and Katharina Helming, 83–92. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Organization.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. Scientists Have Found The Source Of Emotional Resilience In The Brain. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at <>. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Tax Systems Modernization: Time Tables for Critical Planning Documents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGrath, Paula Marie. 2013. Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008: A policy analysis. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, John. 2017. Solitude on the Hudson River. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Organization
AbbreviationInt. Organ.
ISSN (print)0020-8183
ISSN (online)1531-5088
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles