How to format your references using the International Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tomasz, Alexander. 2006. Microbiology. Weapons of microbial drug resistance abound in soil flora. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5759): 342–343.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holt, Matthew, and Reinhard Jahn. 2004. Neuroscience. Synaptic vesicles in the fast lane. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5666): 1986–1987.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller-Butterworth, Cassandra M., David S. Jacobs, and Eric H. Harley. 2003. Strong population substructure is correlated with morphology and ecology in a migratory bat. Nature 424 (6945): 187–191.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Whiten, Andrew, William C. McGrew, Leslie C. Aiello, Christophe Boesch, Robert Boyd, Richard W. Byrne, Robin I. M. Dunbar, et al. 2010. Studying extant species to model our past. Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5964): 410; author reply 410-1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicu, Liviu, and Thierry Leïchlé. 2013. Micro- and Nanoelectromechanical Biosensors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Müller, Susann, and Thomas Bley, eds. 2011. High Resolution Microbial Single Cell Analytics. Vol. 124. Advances in Biochemical Engineering / Biotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Greenberg, Ira, Dianna Xu, and Deepak Kumar. 2013. Creating Across Time and Curved Space. In Processing: Creative Coding and Generative Art in Processing 2, edited by Dianna Xu and Deepak Kumar, 107–147. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Organization.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Venus Has Massive Planet-Sized Explosions of Weather. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at <>. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Aviation Safety: Safer Skies Initiative Has Taken Initial Steps to Reduce Accident Rates by 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bunkley, Ronnie L. 2010. A mentoring program for adolescents in a placement facility: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. 2011. TV’s Go-To Guy For Playing Truth or Dare. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Organization
AbbreviationInt. Organ.
ISSN (print)0020-8183
ISSN (online)1531-5088
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles