How to format your references using the International Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basset, Jean-Marie. 2015. Yves Chauvin (1930-2015). Nature 519 (7542): 159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, S. C., and J. Hu. 2001. A four-dimensional generalization of the quantum Hall effect. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5543): 823–828.
A journal article with 3 authors
Müller, Klaus, Christoph Faeh, and François Diederich. 2007. Fluorine in pharmaceuticals: looking beyond intuition. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5846): 1881–1886.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kubota, Yoichi, Kenji Watanabe, Osamu Tsuda, and Takashi Taniguchi. 2007. Deep ultraviolet light-emitting hexagonal boron nitride synthesized at atmospheric pressure. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5840): 932–934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cabaniss, Deborah L., Sabrina Cherry, Carolyn J. Douglas, and Anna Schwartz. 2010. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zhang, Ke-Qin, and Kevin D. Hyde, eds. 2014. Nematode-Trapping Fungi. Vol. 23. Fungal Diversity Research Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hardin, Danny. 2006. Using Data from Earth Orbiting Satellites in Geo-Hypermedia Applications: A Survey of Data Resources. In Geographic Hypermedia: Concepts and Systems, edited by Emmanuel Stefanakis, Michael P. Peterson, Costas Armenakis, and Vasilis Delis, 53–72. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Organization.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. Why Can’t We See Stars In Space Photographs? IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at <>. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Weather Forecasting: Radars Far Superior to Predecessors, but Location and Availability Questions Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weitkunat, Sydney. 2015. Facies and Log Analysis of the Tuscaloosa Marine Shale. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. Justices to Hear Case on Use of Union Fees. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Organization
AbbreviationInt. Organ.
ISSN (print)0020-8183
ISSN (online)1531-5088
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles