How to format your references using the Educational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fenton, N. (2011). Science and law: Improve statistics in court. Nature, 479(7371), 36–37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Halfmann, R., & Lindquist, S. (2010). Epigenetics in the extreme: prions and the inheritance of environmentally acquired traits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6004), 629–632.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen, S., Zhou, Z., & Greenberg, M. E. (2008). Medicine. Activating a repressor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5880), 1172–1173.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Merckx, T., Souffreau, C., Kaiser, A., Baardsen, L. F., Backeljau, T., Bonte, D., Brans, K. I., Cours, M., Dahirel, M., Debortoli, N., De Wolf, K., Engelen, J. M. T., Fontaneto, D., Gianuca, A. T., Govaert, L., Hendrickx, F., Higuti, J., Lens, L., Martens, K., … Van Dyck, H. (2018). Body-size shifts in aquatic and terrestrial urban communities. Nature, 558(7708), 113–116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeRosa, T. F. (2008). Advances in Polymer Chemistry and Methods Reported in Recent US Patents. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hogan, J. A. (2012). Duration and Bandwidth Limiting: Prolate Functions, Sampling, and Applications (J. Lakey, Ed.; 1st Edition). Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Bobrowski, A., & Kimmel, M. (2015). Master Equation and Asymptotic Behavior of Its Solutions. In M. Kimmel (Ed.), An Operator Semigroup in Mathematical Genetics (pp. 67–83). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Psychology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, March 3). You Are Living Inside A Massive, Musical Instrument – And Here’s What It Sounds Like. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Responses of Federal Agencies and Airports We Surveyed About Access Security Improvements (GAO-01-1069R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkowitz, A. E. (2015). Finding a Place for “Cacega Ayuwipi” within the Structure of American Indian Music and Dance Traditions [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, May 26). Ariana Grande To Perform Benefit. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fenton, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fenton, 2011; Halfmann & Lindquist, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Halfmann & Lindquist, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Cohen et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Merckx et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Psychology
AbbreviationEduc. Psychol. (Lond.)
ISSN (print)0144-3410
ISSN (online)1469-5820
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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