How to format your references using the Educational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dyson, F. (2005). Dynamic universe. Nature, 435(7045), 1033.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schoenemann, B., & Clarkson, E. N. K. (2013). Discovery of some 400 million year-old sensory structures in the compound eyes of trilobites. Scientific Reports, 3, 1429.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willbold, M., Elliott, T., & Moorbath, S. (2011). The tungsten isotopic composition of the Earth’s mantle before the terminal bombardment. Nature, 477(7363), 195–198.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tripp, H. J., Kitner, J. B., Schwalbach, M. S., Dacey, J. W. H., Wilhelm, L. J., & Giovannoni, S. J. (2008). SAR11 marine bacteria require exogenous reduced sulphur for growth. Nature, 452(7188), 741–744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lacaze, P. C., & Lacroix, J.-C. (2014). Non-Volatile Memories. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aygok, G. A., & Rekate, H. L. (Eds.). (2012). Hydrocephalus: Selected Papers from the International Workshop in Crete, 2010 (Vol. 113). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jou, Y.-H. (2013). Family Relationship Quality and Its Psychological Effects Among Taiwanese Adolescents. In C.-C. Yi (Ed.), The Psychological Well-being of East Asian Youth (pp. 69–88). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 22). How Does The Immune System Learn? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Transportation Security Administration: Clear Policies and Oversight Needed for Designation of Sensitive Security Information (No. GAO-05-677). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, Y. (2003). Statistical Analysis of cDNA Microarrays: A Systematic Approach to Identify MTF-1 Mediated Gene Expression Profile in Response to Cadmium (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, A. L. (2007, May 8). The Struggle to Move Beyond ‘Why Me?’ New York Times, p. F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dyson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dyson, 2005; Schoenemann & Clarkson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schoenemann & Clarkson, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Willbold, Elliott, & Moorbath, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tripp et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Psychology
AbbreviationEduc. Psychol. (Lond.)
ISSN (print)0144-3410
ISSN (online)1469-5820
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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