How to format your references using the International Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Irion, R.: AAS HIGH-ENERGY ASTROPHYSICS DIVISION: X-rays Hit the Spot for Astrophysicists. Science. 290, 1884–1885 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Raiborg, C., Stenmark, H.: The ESCRT machinery in endosomal sorting of ubiquitylated membrane proteins. Nature. 458, 445–452 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Rich, T., Allen, R.L., Wyllie, A.H.: Defying death after DNA damage. Nature. 407, 777–783 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pan, X., Wang, G., Lay, C.L., Tan, B.H., He, C., Liu, Y.: Photoluminescence from amino-containing polymer in the presence of CO2: carbamato anion formed as a fluorophore. Sci. Rep. 3, 2763 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman, J.A., Tasman, A.: Handbook of Psychiatric Drugs. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006)
An edited book
Hoque, N., Swanson, D.A. eds: Opportunities and Challenges for Applied Demography in the 21st Century. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Ren, F., Yin, L., Li, H.: Science Popularization Studies in China. In: Schiele, B., Claessens, M., and Shi, S. (eds.) Science Communication in the World: Practices, Theories and Trends. pp. 65–79. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Hovercraft Coming To Market in 2017,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Customs Service Modernization: Architecture Must Be Complete and Enforced to Effectively Build and Maintain Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carver, J.R.: CMO: Chief Marketing Officer or chief “marginalized” officer, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B.: Saudi Prince Is Executed for Murder, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer
AbbreviationInt. J. Softw. Tools Technol. Transf.
ISSN (print)1433-2779
ISSN (online)1433-2787
ScopeInformation Systems

Other styles