How to format your references using the Journal of Hazardous Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hazardous Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.C. Raymond, Astronomy. Imaging the Sun’s eruptions in three dimensions, Science. 305 (2004) 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Libby, W.C. Ratcliff, Evolution. Ratcheting the evolution of multicellularity, Science. 346 (2014) 426–427.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.S. Senn, J.P. Wright, J.P. Attfield, Charge order and three-site distortions in the Verwey structure of magnetite, Nature. 481 (2011) 173–176.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.S. Mischenko, Q. Zhang, J.F. Scott, R.W. Whatmore, N.D. Mathur, Giant electrocaloric effect in thin-film PbZr(0.95)Ti(0.05)O3, Science. 311 (2006) 1270–1271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Krimpmann, Principles of Group Accounting under IFRS, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
S. Vaidyanathan, G.G. Harrigan, R. Goodacre, eds., Metabolome Analyses: Strategies for Systems Biology, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
V.S. Saakov, V.Z. Drapkin, A.I. Krivchenko, E.V. Rozengart, Y.V. Bogachev, M.N. Knyazev, EPR Spectroscopy for Solution of Some Scientific Real-World Problems in Biology, Medicine and Ecology, in: V.Z. Drapkin, A.I. Krivchenko, E.V. Rozengart, Y.V. Bogachev, M.N. Knyazev (Eds.), Derivative Spectrophotometry and Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) Spectroscopy for Ecological and Biological Questions, Springer, Vienna, 2013: pp. 301–348.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hazardous Materials.

Blog post
J. Davis, We Should Be Eating 10 Portions Of Fruit And Veg A Day To Live Longer, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: FAA Has Many Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but More Oversight of Operational Systems Is Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Zhu, Numerical Investigation of Encapsulation Technology in Polymer Flooding Processes, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Thames, Schooled In the Yankee Way, Plays His Role, New York Times. (2010) D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hazardous Materials
AbbreviationJ. Hazard. Mater.
ISSN (print)0304-3894
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Waste Management and Disposal

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