How to format your references using the Journal of Hazardous Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hazardous Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Dwek, Astronomy. The supernova origin of interstellar dust, Science. 313 (2006) 178–180.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Heinrich, S. Loth, Physics. A logical use for atoms, Science. 332 (2011) 1039–1040.
A journal article with 3 authors
F.C. Santos, M.D. Santos, J.M. Pacheco, Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games, Nature. 454 (2008) 213–216.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Roy, A.G. Kozlov, T.M. Lohman, T. Ha, SSB protein diffusion on single-stranded DNA stimulates RecA filament formation, Nature. 461 (2009) 1092–1097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-L. Ferrant, M. Gilson, S. Jobert, M. Mayer, L. Montini, M. Ouellette, S. Rodrigues, S. Ruffini, Synchronous Ethernet and IEEE 1588 in Telecoms, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
R. Sollund, C.H. Stefes, A.R. Germani, eds., Fighting Environmental Crime in Europe and Beyond: The Role of the EU and Its Member States, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Ariwa, E. Virginia E., I. Emeka, C. Jude Chukwudi, Corporate Green Technology and Grid-Driven e-Learning Framework in Developing Economy, in: J.J. Yonazi, E. Sedoyeka, E. Ariwa, E. El-Qawasmeh (Eds.), E-Technologies and Networks for Development: First International Conference, ICeND 2011, Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania, August 3-5, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hazardous Materials.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Ants Are Capable of Changing Their Priorities, IFLScience. (2013). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Examination of Selected Aspects of the Financial Management System of Goddard Space Flight Center, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Perkins, “Inside of each story was a piece of my story”: Applied folklore addressing stigma around perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Grynbaum, Firing Puts Public Split Over Media On Display, New York Times. (2017) A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hazardous Materials
AbbreviationJ. Hazard. Mater.
ISSN (print)0304-3894
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles