How to format your references using the Journal of Hazardous Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hazardous Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.A. Morgan, Ecology. Looking beneath the surface, Science. 298 (2002) 1903–1904.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.B. Hollowed, S. Sundby, Ecology. Change is coming to the northern oceans, Science. 344 (2014) 1084–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.S. Yi, M. Du, A.J. Zajac, A vital role for interleukin-21 in the control of a chronic viral infection, Science. 324 (2009) 1572–1576.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.R. Amieva, R. Vogelmann, A. Covacci, L.S. Tompkins, W.J. Nelson, S. Falkow, Disruption of the epithelial apical-junctional complex by Helicobacter pylori CagA, Science. 300 (2003) 1430–1434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F.S.C. da Silva, J. Agustí-Cullell, Knowledge Coordination, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
P.L. Herrling, A. Matter, R.M. Schultz, eds., Advances in Targeted Cancer Therapy, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Su, P.L. Gibson, Digitizing the Memorial: Institutional and Vernacular Remembrances of the Taiwanese 921 Earthquake and Typhoon Morakot, in: A. Hajek, C. Lohmeier, C. Pentzold (Eds.), Memory in a Mediated World: Remembrance and Reconstruction, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016: pp. 74–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hazardous Materials.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Caiman Tears Quench Thirst of Bee and Butterfly, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Opportunities for Improving Computerized Civilian Payroll Processing Operations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Naro, The effects of the structural components of 4-H residential summer programs on the achievement of the essential elements of positive youth development and the acquisition of targeted life skills, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Hansen, Even a Rock Star Has to Be Careful, New York Times. (2013) B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hazardous Materials
AbbreviationJ. Hazard. Mater.
ISSN (print)0304-3894
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles