How to format your references using the International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
de Waal FBM. Darwin’s last laugh. Nature 2009;460:175.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Pokrovski GS, Dubrovinsky LS. The S3- ion is stable in geological fluids at elevated temperatures and pressures. Science 2011;331:1052–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Elion EA, Qi M, Chen W. Signal transduction. Signaling specificity in yeast. Science 2005;307:687–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Herbert SP, Huisken J, Kim TN, Feldman ME, Houseman BT, Wang RA, et al. Arterial-venous segregation by selective cell sprouting: an alternative mode of blood vessel formation. Science 2009;326:294–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Smirnov BM. Fundamentals of Ionized Gases. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Jacko JA, editor. Human-Computer Interaction. Users and Applications: 14th International Conference, HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part IV. vol. 6764. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Assi A, García-Sánchez PA. Minimal Presentations. In: García-Sánchez PA, editor. Numerical Semigroups and Applications, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Your Testicles Contain More Diverse Proteins Than Any Other Human Organ. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/testicles-contain-more-diverse-proteins-any-other-organ/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Freight Transportation: Strategies Needed to Address Planning and Financing Limitations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Saperstein AM. Susceptibility to smoking and nicotine dependence in schizophrenia. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Court Details Opposition To Bias in Jury Selection. New York Times 2008:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine
ISSN (print)2314-4599
Scope

Other styles