How to format your references using the International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Willerroider M. Making the move into drug sales. Nature 2004;430:486–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ganachaud A, Wunsch C. Improved estimates of global ocean circulation, heat transport and mixing from hydrographic data. Nature 2000;408:453–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Batista FD, Iber D, Neuberger MS. B cells acquire antigen from target cells after synapse formation. Nature 2001;411:489–94.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Chen YL, Chu J-H, Analytis JG, Liu ZK, Igarashi K, Kuo H-H, et al. Massive Dirac fermion on the surface of a magnetically doped topological insulator. Science 2010;329:659–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Epperlein PW. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Stuckenschmidt H, Jannach D, editors. E-Commerce and Web Technologies: 16th International Conference on Electronic Commerce and Web Technologies, EC-Web 2015, Valencia, Spain, September 2015, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 239. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jain J, Abdullah N, Lim BK. Science Learners’ Conceptions on the Scientific Theory-Law Relationship: A Phenomenographic Case Study. In: Fook CY, Sidhu GK, Narasuman S, Fong LL, Abdul Rahman SB, editors. 7th International Conference on University Learning and Teaching (InCULT 2014) Proceedings: Educate to Innovate, Singapore: Springer; 2016, p. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Fifty Years Ago, The Sugar Industry Was Funding Research Downplaying Its Effect On Health. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/fifty-years-ago-the-sugar-industry-was-funding-research-downplaying-its-effect-on-health/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. DOD’s Full-Time, Fully Funded Graduate and Undergraduate Education Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Thigpen LC. Building a concrete foundation: A mixed-method study of teaching styles and the use of concrete, representational, and abstract mathematics instruction. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Feeney K. Old-Time Staples and Sloppy Joes. New York Times 2007:NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine
ISSN (print)2314-4599
Scope

Other styles