How to format your references using the International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cane DE. Biochemistry: favouring the unfavoured. Nature 2012;483:285–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hagan J, Palloni A. Social science. Death in Darfur. Science 2006;313:1578–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petrides M, Cadoret G, Mackey S. Orofacial somatomotor responses in the macaque monkey homologue of Broca’s area. Nature 2005;435:1235–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim KJ, Lee S-W, Yim T, Kim J-G, Choi JW, Kim JH, et al. A new strategy for integrating abundant oxygen functional groups into carbon felt electrode for vanadium redox flow batteries. Sci Rep 2014;4:6906.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ndjountche T. Digital Electronics 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Gueye CT, Molina MS, editors. Non-Associative and Non-Commutative Algebra and Operator Theory: NANCAOT, Dakar, Senegal, May 23–25, 2014: Workshop in Honor of Professor Amin Kaidi. vol. 160. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Laird FN. Avoiding Transitions, Layering Change: The Evolution of American Energy Policy. In: Hager C, Stefes CH, editors. Germany’s Energy Transition: A Comparative Perspective, New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016, p. 111–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine.

Blog post
Andrews R. Mysterious Bacterial Toxin Linked To Stillbirths. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Ohio Cable Television Rate Increases, 1986 to Present. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams S. A study of childhood eating habits in the United States and their association with race and gender. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg E, Surico J. Beam Falls From a Crane, Killing 2 Workers in Queens. New York Times 2016:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine
ISSN (print)2314-4599

Other styles