How to format your references using the Sexual Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexual Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gurnett DA: Obituary: James A. Van Allen (1914-2006). Nature 443:158 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
Piskorowski R, Aldrich RW: Calcium activation of BK(Ca) potassium channels lacking the calcium bowl and RCK domains. Nature 420:499–502 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
Biggins JB, Onwueme KC, Thorson JS: Resistance to enediyne antitumor antibiotics by CalC self-sacrifice. Science 301:1537–1541 (2003).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Carosio S, Barberi L, Rizzuto E, Nicoletti C, Del Prete Z, Musarò A: Generation of eX vivo-vascularized Muscle Engineered Tissue (X-MET). Sci Rep 3:1420 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins BR: Fundraising Law Made Easy. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ 2009).
An edited book
Jin D, Lin S, editors: Advances in Mechanical and Electronic Engineering: Volume 3. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Borgelt C, Picado-Muiño D: Simple Pattern Spectrum Estimation for Fast Pattern Filtering with CoCoNAD, in Blockeel H, Leeuwen M van, Vinciotti V (eds): Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XIII: 13th International Symposium, IDA 2014, Leuven, Belgium, October 30 – November 1, 2014. Proceedings (Springer International Publishing, Cham 2014), pp 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexual Development.

Blog post
Andrew E: The Seashell-Inspired Material Inspiring A New Wave Of Safety Gear In Sport [Internet]. IFLScience [cited 2018 Oct 30]; (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ICBM Modernization: Status, Survivable Basing Issues, and Need To Reestablish a National Consensus. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1986).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stone MA: A quantitative study of perceptions of female Air Force leaders (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haigney S, Cooper M: Who’s Calling? It May Be The Opera. New York Times :C1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleSexual Development
AbbreviationSex Dev.
ISSN (print)1661-5425
ISSN (online)1661-5433
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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