How to format your references using the Sexual Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexual Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mattick JS: Genome-sequencing anniversary. The genomic foundation is shifting. Science 331:874 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
Brookes D, Etkina E: SPORE series winner. Physical phenomena in real time. Science 330:605–606 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayor M, Lovis C, Santos NC: Doppler spectroscopy as a path to the detection of Earth-like planets. Nature 513:328–335 (2014).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pokholok DK, Zeitlinger J, Hannett NM, Reynolds DB, Young RA: Activated signal transduction kinases frequently occupy target genes. Science 313:533–536 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langley-Evans S: Nutrition, health and disease. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK 2015).
An edited book
Karampelas P, Ekonomou L, editors: Electricity Distribution: Intelligent Solutions for Electricity Transmission and Distribution Networks. 1st ed. 2016 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Wegert E, Semmler G: On the Normality of Topological Target Manifolds for Riemann-Hilbert Problems, in Barsegian GA, Begehr HGW (eds): Topics in Analysis and its Applications (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht 2005), pp 61–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexual Development.

Blog post
Hale T: NASA Just Released 56 Of Their Technology Patents For Free Public Use [Internet]. IFLScience [cited 2018 Oct 30]; (2016). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Responses to Questions for the Record; September 2008 Hearing on the Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status and Issues. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 2008).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell JR: Ocean fronts in the Southern California Current System and their role in structuring zooplankton distributions, diel vertical migration, and size composition (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kimmelman M: Who Will Fix Penn Station? New York Times :C1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleSexual Development
AbbreviationSex Dev.
ISSN (print)1661-5425
ISSN (online)1661-5433
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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