How to format your references using the Sexual Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexual Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun R: Astronomy. Galaxy clusters reveal their secrets. Science 293:1781–1782 (2001).
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson EJ, Goldstein D: Medicine. Do defaults save lives? Science 302:1338–1339 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
Palter JB, Lozier MS, Barber RT: The effect of advection on the nutrient reservoir in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre. Nature 437:687–692 (2005).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Matsuura K, Vargo EL, Kawatsu K, Labadie PE, Nakano H, Yashiro T, et al.: Queen succession through asexual reproduction in termites. Science 323:1687 (2009).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo L, Maunder RG, Wang J, Yang L-L: Near-Capacity Variable-Length Coding. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK 2010).
An edited book
Serneels B, Steyaert M, editors: Design of High Voltage xDSL Line Drivers in Standard CMOS. (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht 2008).
A chapter in an edited book
Bowman CC: Food Allergies, in Dietert RR, Luebke RW (eds): Immunotoxicity, Immune Dysfunction, and Chronic Disease (Humana Press, Totowa, NJ 2012), pp 127–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexual Development.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J: Could Life Survive In The TRAPPIST-1 System? [Internet]. IFLScience [cited 2018 Oct 30]; (2017). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Status of Office of Education’s National Direct Student Loan Funds at Selected Postsecondary Education Institutions. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1978).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maffia R: Image matters: Then and now in televisions’ depiction of African Americans (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Romero S: China’s Halting Forays Into Latin America. New York Times :A6 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleSexual Development
AbbreviationSex Dev.
ISSN (print)1661-5425
ISSN (online)1661-5433
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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