How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban and Regional Research (IJURR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manoharan, V. N. (2015) COLLOIDS. Colloidal matter: Packing, geometry, and entropy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349.6251, 1253751.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sczepanski, J. T. and Joyce, G. F. (2014) A cross-chiral RNA polymerase ribozyme. Nature 515.7527, 440–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Unal, E., Heidinger-Pauli, J. M. and Koshland, D. (2007) DNA double-strand breaks trigger genome-wide sister-chromatid cohesion through Eco1 (Ctf7). Science (New York, N.Y.) 317.5835, 245–48.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roberge, A., Feldman, P. D., Weinberger, A. J., Deleuil, M. and Bouret, J.-C. (2006) Stabilization of the disk around beta Pictoris by extremely carbon-rich gas. Nature 441.7094, 724–26.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Asif, S. Z. (2010) Next Generation Mobile Communications Ecosystem. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Alber, Y. (2006) Nonlinear Ill-posed Problems of Monotone Type. (Ryazantseva, I., ed.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaminski, J., Neary, L., Struzewska, J. and McConnell, J. C. (2011) Multiscale Atmospheric Chemistry Modelling with GEMAQ. In Baklanov, A., M. Alexander and R. Sokhi (eds.), Integrated Systems of Meso-Meteorological and Chemical Transport Models. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban and Regional Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. (22/06/2016) China To Encourage Its Citizens To Eat 50 Percent Less Meat. IFLScience. IFLScience [WWW document]. URL (accessed 30th October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Defaulted Student Loans: Preliminary Analysis of Student Loan Borrowers and Defaulters, No. HRD-88-112BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hardin, J. (2010) A study of social cognitive theory: The relationship between professional learning communities and collective teacher efficacy in international school settings, Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2014/1/April) Senate Report Says Caterpillar Used Swiss Subsidiary to Reduce Taxes. New York Times: B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manoharan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sczepanski and Joyce, 2014; Manoharan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sczepanski and Joyce, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Roberge et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban and Regional Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Reg. Res.
ISSN (print)0309-1317
ISSN (online)1468-2427
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

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