How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban and Regional Research (IJURR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2003) Deep-sea sub aims to get to the bottom of a muddy issue. Nature 423.6939, 469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shiroguchi, K. and Kinosita, K., Jr (2007) Myosin V walks by lever action and Brownian motion. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316.5828, 1208–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young, I. R., Zieger, S. and Babanin, A. V. (2011) Global trends in wind speed and wave height. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332.6028, 451–55.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cho, W., Lee, H. J., Choi, S., Kim, Y. and Oh, M. (2014) Highly effective heterogeneous chemosensors of luminescent silica@coordination polymer core-shell micro-structures for metal ion sensing. Scientific reports 4, 6518.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bakus, G. J. (2007) Quantitative Analysis of Marine Biological Communities. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lockshin, R. A. ed. (2007) The Joy of Science: An Examination of How Scientists Ask and Answer Questions Using the Story of Evolution as a Paradigm. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Gregorcyk, S. G. (2006) Fecal Incontinence. In Zimmern, P. E., P. A. Norton, F. Haab and C. C. R. Chapple (eds.), Vaginal Surgery for Incontinence and Prolapse. Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban and Regional Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (26/01/2014) According to Stephen Hawking, black holes as we currently understand them do not exist. IFLScience. IFLScience [WWW document]. URL (accessed 30th October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Air Traffic Control: Complete and Enforced Architecture Needed for FAA Systems Modernization, No. AIMD-97-30. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stahlhut, C. W. (2012) Aerodynamic design optimization of proprotors for convertible-rotor concepts, Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017/7/February) Political Bite Gives Colbert Ratings Edge Over Fallon. New York Times: B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Savage, 2013; di Lernia, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shiroguchi and Kinosita, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kikkawa et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban and Regional Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Reg. Res.
ISSN (print)0309-1317
ISSN (online)1468-2427
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

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