How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban and Regional Research (IJURR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, J. (2000) ALZHEIMER’S CONGRESS: Drug Shows Promise for Advanced Disease. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289.5478, 375b–77.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiessner, P. and Pupu, N. (2012) Toward peace: foreign arms and indigenous institutions in a Papua New Guinea society. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337.6102, 1651–54.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jensen, R. B., Carreira, A. and Kowalczykowski, S. C. (2010) Purified human BRCA2 stimulates RAD51-mediated recombination. Nature 467.7316, 678–83.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Robert, A., Sirjean, O., Browaeys, A., Poupard, J., Nowak, S., Boiron, D., Westbrook, C. I. and Aspect, A. (2001) A Bose-Einstein condensate of metastable atoms. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292.5516, 461–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chassaing, R. (2004) Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the C6713 and C6416 DSK. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ananthakrishnan, A. N. ed. (2016) Nutritional Management of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: A Comprehensive Guide. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Dantes, M. A. M., Figueirôa, S. and Lopes, M. M. (2011) Sciences in Brazil: An Overview from 1870–1920. In Krause, D. and A. Videira (eds.), Brazilian Studies in Philosophy and History of Science: An Account of Recent Works. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban and Regional Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (24/06/2014) Could You Be Related To Genghis Khan? IFLScience. IFLScience [WWW document]. URL (accessed 30th October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Motor Carrier Safety: The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Has Developed a Reasonable Framework for Managing and Testing Its Comprehensive Safety Analysis 2010 Initiative, No. GAO-08-242R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sinha, R. (2017) An Integrated Development Environment for the Clara Constraint-Programming Language, Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Green, L. V. (2006/10/December) Beds of State. New York Times: 14WC15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Marx, 2000; Wiessner and Pupu, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiessner and Pupu, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Robert et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban and Regional Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Reg. Res.
ISSN (print)0309-1317
ISSN (online)1468-2427
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

Other styles