How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban and Regional Research (IJURR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herring, R. A. (2011) Physics. A new twist for electron beams. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331.6014, 155–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reik, W. and Kelsey, G. (2014) Epigenetics: Cellular memory erased in human embryos. Nature 511.7511, 540–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaina, N., Fink, M. and Lerosey, G. (2013) Composite media mixing Bragg and local resonances for highly attenuating and broad bandgaps. Scientific reports 3, 3240.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hurlstone, A. F. L., Haramis, A.-P. G., Wienholds, E., Begthel, H., Korving, J., Van Eeden, F., Cuppen, E., Zivkovic, D., Plasterk, R. H. A. and Clevers, H. (2003) The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway regulates cardiac valve formation. Nature 425.6958, 633–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed, J. and Hakonen, H. (2017) Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Blokhuis, H., Miele, M., Veissier, I. and Jones, B. eds. (2013) Improving farm animal welfare: Science and society working together: the Welfare Quality approach. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki, T., Kobayashi, T. and Boase, J. (2016) Political Conversations as Civic Engagement: Examining Patterns from Mobile Communication Logs in Japan. In Wei, R. (ed.), Mobile Media, Political Participation, and Civic Activism in Asia: Private Chat to Public Communication. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban and Regional Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (16/01/2017) Anti-Landmine Drone Built By Indian Teenager Receives $730,000 Grant. IFLScience. IFLScience [WWW document]. URL (accessed 30th October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) High Speed Passenger Rail: Future Development Will Depend on Addressing Financial and Other Challenges and Establishing a Clear Federal Role, No. GAO-09-560T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao, L. (2015) A Field-Scale Simulation of the Reversible Nanoparticle Adsorption for Enhancing Oil Recovery Using Hydrophilic Nanofluids, Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Braffet, K. (2016/17/April) Wonder Women in Manhattan. New York Times: BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herring, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Herring, 2011; Reik and Kelsey, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reik and Kelsey, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hurlstone et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban and Regional Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Reg. Res.
ISSN (print)0309-1317
ISSN (online)1468-2427
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

Other styles