How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban and Regional Research (IJURR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondrashov, A. (2012) James Crow (1916-2012). Nature 481.7382, 444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hensch, T. K. and Stryker, M. P. (2004) Columnar architecture sculpted by GABA circuits in developing cat visual cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303.5664, 1678–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baker, C. R., Hanson-Smith, V. and Johnson, A. D. (2013) Following gene duplication, paralog interference constrains transcriptional circuit evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.) 342.6154, 104–8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Katano, Y., Nakano, K., Otsuki, M. and Matsukawa, H. (2014) Novel friction law for the static friction force based on local precursor slipping. Scientific reports 4, 6324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, G. G. (2002) Cellular Physiology of Nerve and Muscle. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden, MA USA.
An edited book
Rossberg, J. (2012) Pro Application Lifecycle Management with Visual Studio 2012. (Olausson, M., ed.) Second Edition. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Agrawal, S. and Sureka, A. (2013) Copyright Infringement Detection of Music Videos on YouTube by Mining Video and Uploader Meta-data. In Bhatnagar, V. and S. Srinivasa (eds.), Big Data Analytics: Second International Conference, BDA 2013, Mysore, India, December 16-18, 2013, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban and Regional Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (17/03/2017) Turns Out That New Massive Ancient Egyptian Statue Isn’t Ramses II. IFLScience. IFLScience [WWW document]. URL (accessed 30th October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Whole-Body Irradiation Program at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center, and DOD’s Policy on the Use of Human Subjects for Medical Research, No. B-164031(2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wall, J. D. (2017) The Effects of Acute L-Dopa on Brux-like and Masticatory Motor Patterns: EMG Phase Analysis in Rats, Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B. and Chapman, M. M. (2015/19/September) Smaller Pay Gap in New Contract at Fiat Chrysler. New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondrashov, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hensch and Stryker, 2004; Kondrashov, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hensch and Stryker, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Katano et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban and Regional Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Reg. Res.
ISSN (print)0309-1317
ISSN (online)1468-2427
Sociology and Political Science
Urban Studies

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