How to format your references using the International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Logothetis, N.K., 2010. Bold claims for optogenetics. Nature 468, E3-4; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diao, A., Lowe, M., 2004. Cell biology. The Golgi goes fission. Science 305, 48–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dwyer, C.A., Stevenson, D.J., Nimmo, F., 2011. A long-lived lunar dynamo driven by continuous mechanical stirring. Nature 479, 212–214.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sansom, O.J., Meniel, V.S., Muncan, V., Phesse, T.J., Wilkins, J.A., Reed, K.R., Vass, J.K., Athineos, D., Clevers, H., Clarke, A.R., 2007. Myc deletion rescues Apc deficiency in the small intestine. Nature 446, 676–679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cohen, C., 2013. Business Intelligence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Liu, Y., 2008. Stochastic Network Calculus. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Jousselme, A.-L., Maupin, P., 2016. Uncertainty Representations for Information Retrieval with Missing Data, in: Rogova, G., Scott, P. (Eds.), Fusion Methodologies in Crisis Management: Higher Level Fusion and Decision Making. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 87–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Blood test predicts Alzheimer’s before symptoms show [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. District of Columbia: Chronology of Events Related to the Metropolitan Police Use of $15 Million Appropriation (No. AIMD-99-39R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Batson, G., 2008. Head Start and at -risk students: Perceptions of administrators, practitioners, and parents (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. In Wawrinka, Federer Will Face a Protégé With His Own Stellar Résumé. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Logothetis, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Diao and Lowe, 2004; Logothetis, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diao and Lowe, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Sansom et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Transportation Science and Technology
ISSN (print)2046-0430

Other styles