How to format your references using the International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J.E., 2003. Human population: the next half century. Science 302, 1172–1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, G.D., Gordon, S., 2001. Immune recognition. A new receptor for beta-glucans. Nature 413, 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Granot, J., Nakar, E., Piran, T., 2003. Astrophysics: refreshed shocks from a gamma-ray burst. Nature 426, 138–139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Costescu, R.M., Cahill, D.G., Fabreguette, F.H., Sechrist, Z.A., George, S.M., 2004. Ultra-low thermal conductivity in W/Al2O3 nanolaminates. Science 303, 989–990.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips, J.J., Phillips, P., Pulliam, A., 2014. Measuring ROI in Environment, Health, and Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Herrero, Á., Snášel, V., Abraham, A., Zelinka, I., Baruque, B., Quintián, H., Calvo, J.L., Sedano, J., Corchado, E. (Eds.), 2013. International Joint Conference CISIS’12-ICEUTE´12-SOCO´12 Special Sessions, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Malone, T., Jackman, C., 2016. Animated Horse Play, in: Jackman, C. (Ed.), Adapting War Horse: Cognition, the Spectator, and a Sense of Play. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. What Do Dogs Dream About? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Transportation-Disadvantaged Seniors: Efforts to Enhance Senior Mobility Could Benefit from Additional Guidance and Information (No. GAO-04-971). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Terrell, N.D., 2012. Exact solutions to combinatorial optimizations and the traveling baseball fan problem (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. Netflix, With Money to Burn, Draws the Ire of Spurned TV Executives. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Gordon, 2001; Cohen, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Gordon, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Costescu et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Transportation Science and Technology
ISSN (print)2046-0430

Other styles