How to format your references using the International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muchhala, N., 2006. Nectar bat stows huge tongue in its rib cage. Nature 444, 701–702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Novas, F.E., Pol, D., 2005. New evidence on deinonychosaurian dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia. Nature 433, 858–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wake, H., Lee, P.R., Fields, R.D., 2011. Control of local protein synthesis and initial events in myelination by action potentials. Science 333, 1647–1651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aeschbach-Hertig, W., Peeters, F., Beyerle, U., Kipfer, R., 2000. Palaeotemperature reconstruction from noble gases in ground water taking into account equilibration with entrapped air. Nature 405, 1040–1044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korn, G.A., 2013. Advanced Dynamic-System Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Werle, G., Fernandez, L., Vormbaum, M. (Eds.), 2014. Africa and the International Criminal Court, International Criminal Justice Series. T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague.
A chapter in an edited book
Evans, K., 2005. Tacit Skills and Occupational Mobility in a Global Culture, in: Zajda, J., Freeman, K., Geo-Jaja, M., Majhanovic, S., Rust, V., Zajda, R. (Eds.), International Handbook on Globalisation, Education and Policy Research: Global Pedagogies and Policies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Here’s Why It Feels Like You Have No Free Time, In One Chart [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Should Provide the Congress with More Information on the Pioneer Venus Project (No. PSAD-77-65). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez Gamez, L.I., 2012. New perspectives on the spatial analysis of urban employment distribution and commuting patterns: The cases of Hermosillo and Ciudad Obregon, Mexico (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2011. Superheroes for the Stockings. New York Times C36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muchhala, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Muchhala, 2006; Novas and Pol, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Novas and Pol, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Aeschbach-Hertig et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Transportation Science and Technology
ISSN (print)2046-0430

Other styles