How to format your references using the International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harvey, C.F., 2002. Groundwater flow in the Ganges Delta. Science 296, 1563.
A journal article with 2 authors
Virgin, H.W., Walker, B.D., 2010. Immunology and the elusive AIDS vaccine. Nature 464, 224–231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Myrskylä, M., Kohler, H.-P., Billari, F.C., 2009. Advances in development reverse fertility declines. Nature 460, 741–743.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hu, K., Ji, L., Applegate, K.T., Danuser, G., Waterman-Storer, C.M., 2007. Differential transmission of actin motion within focal adhesions. Science 315, 111–115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haginomori, E., Koshiduka, T., Arai, J., Ikeda, H., 2016. Power System Transient Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Swamee, P.K., 2015. Design of Canals, Springer Transactions in Civil and Environmental Engineering. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Huang, C., Fan, Y., 2005. Knowledge Structuring and Evaluation Based on Grey Theory, in: Wang, L., Jin, Y. (Eds.), Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery: Second International Conference, FSKD 2005, Changsha, China, August 27-29, 2005, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 26–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Watch a Vampire Squid Turn Itself Inside Out [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Airport Finance: Preliminary Analysis Indicates Proposed Changes in the Airport Improvement Program May Not Resolve Funding Needs for Smaller Airports (No. GAO-07-617T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tabellario, C.M., 2009. A plan to establish a financial counseling center on the campus of California State University, Long Beach (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A., 2007. Take Me to Starbucks if You Can’t Amuse Me. New York Times H10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harvey, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Harvey, 2002; Virgin and Walker, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Virgin and Walker, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Transportation Science and Technology
ISSN (print)2046-0430

Other styles