How to format your references using the International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angrist, M., 2013. Genetic privacy needs a more nuanced approach. Nature 494, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gittis, A.H., Brasier, D.J., 2015. NEUROSCIENCE. Astrocytes tell neurons when to listen up. Science 349, 690–691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hicks, W.M., Kim, M., Haber, J.E., 2010. Increased mutagenesis and unique mutation signature associated with mitotic gene conversion. Science 329, 82–85.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Segura, A.M., Kruk, C., Calliari, D., García-Rodriguez, F., Conde, D., Widdicombe, C.E., Fort, H., 2013. Competition drives clumpy species coexistence in estuarine phytoplankton. Sci. Rep. 3, 1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storhas, W., 2013. Bioverfahrensentwicklung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Giaconi, J.A., Law, S.K., Coleman, A.L., Caprioli, J. (Eds.), 2010. Pearls of Glaucoma Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Graw, V., Husmann, C., 2014. Mapping Marginality Hotspots, in: von Braun, J., Gatzweiler, F.W. (Eds.), Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Using Fast-Radio Bursts To Better Understand Intergalactic Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Use Of Missile Procurement Funds To Finance Research And Development Efforts (No. B-146876). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shackelford, V., 2014. Mary’s mandala story: Images of chaos in mandala psychology (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2011. Legacy Of A Fence. New York Times WK11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angrist, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Angrist, 2013; Gittis and Brasier, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gittis and Brasier, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Segura et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Transportation Science and Technology
ISSN (print)2046-0430

Other styles