How to format your references using the International Journal of the Classical Tradition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of the Classical Tradition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. 2000. GEOPHYSICS: Atmosphere Drives Earth’s Tipsiness. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289: 710.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang, M. L., and F. Yang. 2014. Size effect model on kinetics of interfacial reaction between Sn-xAg-yCu solders and Cu substrate. Scientific reports 4: 7117.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shuman, E. S., J. F. Barry, and D. Demille. 2010. Laser cooling of a diatomic molecule. Nature 467: 820–823.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lin, Jung-Fu, György Vankó, Steven D. Jacobsen, Valentin Iota, Viktor V. Struzhkin, Vitali B. Prakapenka, Alexei Kuznetsov, and Choong-Shik Yoo. 2007. Spin transition zone in Earth’s lower mantle. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 1740–1743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colin, Andrew. 2005. Fixed Income Attribution. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Katona, Gyula O. H., Alexander Schrijver, Tamás Szőnyi, and Gábor Sági, ed. 2010. Fete of Combinatorics and Computer Science. Vol. 20. Bolyai Society Mathematical Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ivanov, Pavel, and Paul Anderson. 2011. Stress-Induced Ribonucleases. In Ribonucleases, ed. Allen W. Nicholson, 115–134. Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of the Classical Tradition.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. How To Build The World’s Fastest Car. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 25.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Digital Service Programs: Assessing Results and Coordinating with Chief Information Officers Can Improve Delivery of Federal Projects. GAO-16-733T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parkinson, Meghan M. 2011. Adult readers’ calibration of word learning. Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, Linda. 2010. Michelle McGann and Jonathan Satter. New York Times, June 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of the Classical Tradition
ISSN (print)1073-0508
ISSN (online)1874-6292

Other styles