How to format your references using the Gynecological Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecological Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Chapron G (2014) Challenge the abuse of science in setting policy. Nature 516:289
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Anbar AD, Knoll AH (2002) Proterozoic ocean chemistry and evolution: a bioinorganic bridge? Science 297:1137–1142
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Willner AE, Wang J, Huang H (2012) Applied physics. A different angle on light communications. Science 337:655–656
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zhang R, Xu Y, Wen B, et al (2014) Enhanced permeation of a hydrophobic fluid through particles with hydrophobic and hydrophilic patterned surfaces. Sci Rep 4:5738

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Aksamija A (2016) Integrating Innovation in Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Vanmechelen K, Altmann J, Rana OF (2012) Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services: 8th International Workshop, GECON 2011, Paphos, Cyprus, December 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Calgaro CO, Tanabe EH, Bertuol DA, et al (2015) Leaching Processes. In: Veit HM, Moura Bernardes A (eds) Electronic Waste: Recycling Techniques. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecological Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) Cassini Snaps Sublime Close-Up Images Of Saturn’s North Pole. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1996) Improving Federal Performance in the Information Age Issue Area Plan: Fiscal Years 1996-98. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pulsifer JE (2012) Learning from the Uighurs: Correcting Inadequate Due Process in Terrorist Financing Sanction Regimes. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Drossman SR, Port ER, Sonnenblick EB (2015) Why the Annual Mammogram Matters. New York Times A31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecological Surgery
AbbreviationGynecol. Surg.
ISSN (print)1613-2076
ISSN (online)1613-2084
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Surgery

Other styles