How to format your references using the Gynecological Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecological Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wurthner F (2006) Chemistry. Generating a photocurrent on the nanometer scale. Science 314:1693–1694
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wong M, Munro S (2014) Membrane trafficking. The specificity of vesicle traffic to the Golgi is encoded in the golgin coiled-coil proteins. Science 346:1256898
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Standen EM, Du TY, Larsson HCE (2014) Developmental plasticity and the origin of tetrapods. Nature 513:54–58
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Oberdoerffer S, Moita LF, Neems D, et al (2008) Regulation of CD45 alternative splicing by heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein, hnRNPLL. Science 321:686–691

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Attokaran M (2011) Natural Food Flavors and Colorants. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Quinn PJ, Wang X (2008) Lipids in Health and Disease. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Miller JR, Adams CG, Weston PA, Schenker JH (2015) Intersections of Movers with Traps. In: Adams CG, Weston PA, Schenker JH (eds) Trapping of Small Organisms Moving Randomly: Principles and Applications to Pest Monitoring and Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 25–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecological Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Five Things you Need to Know Before Going to an IVF Clinic. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/five-things-you-need-know-going-ivf-clinic/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1997) Army Aviation and Troop Command. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Garfield-Kabbara JN (2014) Through the Portal of Shame: A Path Toward Self-Love for Fatherless Daughters Living in Patriarchy. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M (1993) THE INAUGURATION: Seizing the Day; New President Brings Opportunity to Cash In. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecological Surgery
AbbreviationGynecol. Surg.
ISSN (print)1613-2076
ISSN (online)1613-2084
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Surgery

Other styles