How to format your references using the Gynecological Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecological Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Irion R (2000) AMERICAN ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY MEETING: Cool Comets, Barren Clusters, and a Maxed-Out Universe. Science 288:2121–2124
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Prather MJ, Blake DR (2012) F. Sherwood Rowland (1927-2012). Nature 484:168
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dawkins MS, Donnelly CA, Jones TA (2004) Chicken welfare is influenced more by housing conditions than by stocking density. Nature 427:342–344
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Liu S, Li P, Dybkov O, et al (2007) Binding of the human Prp31 Nop domain to a composite RNA-protein platform in U4 snRNP. Science 316:115–120

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kassapoglou C (2010) Design and Analysis of Composite Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Arai E, Kimura F, Goossenaerts J, Shirase K (2005) Knowledge and Skill Chains in Engineering and Manufacturing: Information Infrastructure in the Era of Global Communications Proceedings of the IFIP TC5/WG5.3, WG5.7, WG5.12 Fifth International Working Conference of Information Infrastructure Systems for Manufacturing 2002 (DIIDM2002), November 18–20, 2002 in Osaka, Japan. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Maizels RM (2016) Regulatory T-Cell Control of Type 2 Inflammation. In: Gause WC, Artis D (eds) The Th2 Type Immune Response in Health and Disease: From Host Defense and Allergy to Metabolic Homeostasis and Beyond. Springer, New York, NY, pp 73–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecological Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Sexy Peacocks Fly Fine, Even With Extravagant Tails. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sexy-peacocks-fly-fine-even-extravagant-tails/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2012) Slot-Controlled Airports: FAA’s Rules Could Be Improved to Enhance Competition and Use of Available Capacity. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Luse KM (2008) Invariants of knots, graphs, and Feynman diagrams. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) 30 Are Charged in Scam To Avoid Parking Tickets. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecological Surgery
AbbreviationGynecol. Surg.
ISSN (print)1613-2076
ISSN (online)1613-2084
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Surgery

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