How to format your references using the Gynecological Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecological Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Epstein IR (2007) Chemistry. Can droplets and bubbles think? Science 315:775–776
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wallenfang MR, Matunis E (2003) Developmental biology. Orienting stem cells. Science 301:1490–1491
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schmidt-Hieber C, Jonas P, Bischofberger J (2004) Enhanced synaptic plasticity in newly generated granule cells of the adult hippocampus. Nature 429:184–187
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Painter HJ, Morrisey JM, Mather MW, Vaidya AB (2007) Specific role of mitochondrial electron transport in blood-stage Plasmodium falciparum. Nature 446:88–91

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Knudsen S (2005) Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Blockeel H, Kersting K, Nijssen S, Železný F (2013) Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2013, Prague, Czech Republic, September 23-27, 2013, Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lomet D (2011) Transactions: From Local Atomicity to Atomicity in the Cloud. In: Jones CB, Lloyd JL (eds) Dependable and Historic Computing: Essays Dedicated to Brian Randell on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 38–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecological Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Amazon Carbon Sink Is In Decline As Trees Die Off Faster. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) Transportation Infrastructure: Benefits of Traffic Control Signal Systems Are Not Being Fully Realized. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Saguilig LG (2017) A Clinical Decision Support System for the Prevention of Genetic-Related Heart Disease. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2003) A Mural Calls for Peace: To Somebody, That’s Subversive. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecological Surgery
AbbreviationGynecol. Surg.
ISSN (print)1613-2076
ISSN (online)1613-2084
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Surgery

Other styles