How to format your references using the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Milburn GJ. Physics. Quantum measurement and control of single spins in diamond. Science 2010;330:1188–1189.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reader JS, Joyce GF. A ribozyme composed of only two different nucleotides. Nature 2002;420:841–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walsh JP, Cohen WM, Arora A. Science and the law. Working through the patent problem. Science 2003;299:1021.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Perfettini H, Avouac J-P, Tavera H, Kositsky A, Nocquet J-M, et al. Seismic and aseismic slip on the central Peru megathrust. Nature 2010;465:78–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carroll JM, Bowyer-Crane C, Duff FJ, Hulme C, Snowling MJ. Developing Language and Literacy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Gullino ML, Munkvold G (eds). Global Perspectives on the Health of Seeds and Plant Propagation Material. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmed N. Weak Compactness in the Space of Operator Valued Measures and Optimal Control. In: Hömberg D, Tröltzsch F (editors). System Modeling and Optimization: 25th IFIP TC 7 Conference, CSMO 2011, Berlin, Germany, September 12-16, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. pp. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology.

Blog post
Fang J. Binge-Eating Cavefish Could Illuminate Human Obesity. IFLScience. (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Reports Issued in June 1989. 139191; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1 June 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arab AA. Finite Element Modeling of Pretensioned Concrete Girders: A Methodological Approach with Applications in Large Strands and End Zone Cracking. Doctoral Dissertation; George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. A Shelter Gets a Cold Shoulder In a ‘Pastoral’ Residential Area. New York Times, 9 September 2001, p. 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1466-5026
ISSN (online)1466-5034
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Medicine

Other styles