How to format your references using the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goonatilake S. Many paths to enlightenment. Nature 2000;405:399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trenberth KE, Otto-Bliesner BL. Paleoclimate. Toward integrated reconstruction of past climates. Science 2003;300:589–590.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bibby TS, Nield J, Barber J. Iron deficiency induces the formation of an antenna ring around trimeric photosystem I in cyanobacteria. Nature 2001;412:743–745.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Boström KJ, de Lussanet MHE, Weiss T, Puta C, Wagner H. A computational model unifies apparently contradictory findings concerning phantom pain. Sci Rep 2014;4:5298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferrari ML, Damo UM, Turan A, Sánchez D. Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Borre K. A Software-Defined GPS and Galileo Receiver: A Single-Frequency Approach. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh J, Mohanty SP, Pradhan DK. SRAM Bitcell Design Using Unidirectional Devices. In: Mohanty SP, Pradhan DK (editors). Robust SRAM Designs and Analysis. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. pp. 113–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology.

Blog post
Fang J. Not Too Brutish: Neanderthals Hunted Pigeons. IFLScience. (2014, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highlights of a Forum: Transforming Transportation Policy for the 21st Century. GAO-07-1210SP; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 19 September 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stahl-Kovell DW. Reimagining red power: Native American community, activism, and academics in postwar America. Doctoral Dissertation; California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Young, Female, Energetic and, Now, Dean. New York Times, 20 January 2008, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1466-5026
ISSN (online)1466-5034
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Medicine

Other styles