How to format your references using the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wolinetz CD. Implementing the new U.S. dual-use policy. Science 2012;336:1525–1527.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Swetter SM, Geller AC. Perspective: catch melanoma early. Nature 2014;515:S117.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Howell K, White JG, Hobert O. Spatiotemporal control of a novel synaptic organizer molecule. Nature 2015;523:83–87.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Gray JM, Karow DS, Lu H, Chang AJ, Chang JS, et al. Oxygen sensation and social feeding mediated by a C. elegans guanylate cyclase homologue. Nature 2004;430:317–322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shamsuddin M. Physical Chemistry of Metallurgical Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Canuto C. Mathematical Analysis I. Second Edition. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Facucho-Oliveira J, Kulkarni T, Machado-Oliveira G, St. John JC. From Pluripotency to Differentiation: The Role of mtDNA in Stem Cell Models of Mitochondrial Diseases. In: St. John JC (editor). Mitochondrial DNA, Mitochondria, Disease and Stem Cells. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013. pp. 87–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Saturn’s Moon Enceladus May Have Been Knocked On Its Side. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Cost Control Difficulties Continue. T-NSIAD-96-210; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 24 July 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Darko-Mensah K. Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to Measure the Online Outsourcing Efficiency of Sub-Saharan African Countries. Doctoral Dissertation; George Washington University; 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hartocollis A. Latest Economic Lifeline Is a Leafy One. New York Times, 1 June 2015, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1466-5026
ISSN (online)1466-5034
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Microbiology
General Medicine

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