How to format your references using the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Morrison P. Tales behind the tags. Nature 2001;413:461.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lecuit T, Le Goff L. Orchestrating size and shape during morphogenesis. Nature 2007;450:189–192.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Fehr E, Bernhard H, Rockenbach B. Egalitarianism in young children. Nature 2008;454:1079–1083.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Alenghat T, Meyers K, Mullican SE, Leitner K, Adeniji-Adele A, et al. Nuclear receptor corepressor and histone deacetylase 3 govern circadian metabolic physiology. Nature 2008;456:997–1000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ramsinghani M. The Business of Venture Capital. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Fisher J, Pedaliu EGH, Smith R (eds). The Foreign Office, Commerce and British Foreign Policy in the Twentieth Century. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sironi L, Borzenkov M, Collini M, D’Alfonso L, Bouzin M, et al. Interactions of Gold Nanostars with Cells. In: Borzenkov M, Pallavicini P (editors). Gold Nanostars: Synthesis, Properties and Biomedical Application. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. pp. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. 10 Gross Organisms That could Be Living In Your Bed Right Now. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Student and Exchange Visitor Program: DHS Needs to Take Actions to Strengthen Monitoring of Schools. GAO-12-895T; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 24 July 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hayen CJ. Canine-Assisted Psychotherapy: Finding the Way Back to Our Animal Soul. Doctoral Dissertation; Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stewart JB. Profit or Loss. New York Times, 24 April 2017, p. BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1466-5026
ISSN (online)1466-5034
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Microbiology
General Medicine

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