How to format your references using the International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pielke, R.A., Jr, 2005. Meteorology: are there trends in hurricane destruction? Nature 438, E11; discussion E13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Im, S.H., Taghert, P.H., 2011. Neuroscience. A CRY to rise. Science 331, 1394–1395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kang, M.-K., Kim, S.J., Kim, H.J., 2014. Fabrication of high performance thin-film transistors via pressure-induced nucleation. Sci. Rep. 4, 6858.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Banerjee, C., Singh, A., Das, T.K., Raman, R., Shrivastava, A., Mazumder, S., 2014. Ameliorating ER-stress attenuates Aeromonas hydrophila-induced mitochondrial dysfunctioning and caspase mediated HKM apoptosis in Clarias batrachus. Sci. Rep. 4, 5820.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi, D., Norris, M., 2004. Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fuchs, A., Nijman, E., Priebsch, H.-H. (Eds.), 2016. Automotive NVH Technology, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Escolar, M.L., Aldenhoven, M., 2013. Leukodystrophies and Lysosomal Storage Disorders, in: Boelens, J.J., Wynn, R. (Eds.), Stem Cell Therapy in Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 63–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Thinking Outside the Lab: The Ascent of Citizen Science [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Homeland Security: Weak Oversight of Human Resources Information Technology Investment Needs Considerable Improvement (No. GAO-16-407T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrell, D.P., 2017. Teachers’ Perceptions of How the Use of Peer Evaluation Could Improve Their Teaching Practice (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Vogel, K.P., 2017. Seat at Le Cirque, and a Word With Trump, for $250,000. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pielke, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Im and Taghert, 2011; Pielke, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Im and Taghert, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Banerjee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sustainable Built Environment
AbbreviationInt. J. Sustain. Built Environ.
ISSN (print)2212-6090
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Ecological Modelling
Environmental Engineering
Urban Studies

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