How to format your references using the International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lovett, R.A., 2007. Olympic talent. Nature 448, 104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schoenemann, B., Clarkson, E.N.K., 2013. Discovery of some 400 million year-old sensory structures in the compound eyes of trilobites. Sci. Rep. 3, 1429.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fernandes, C.C., Podos, J., Lundberg, J.G., 2004. Amazonian ecology: tributaries enhance the diversity of electric fishes. Science 305, 1960–1962.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Araki, J., Nishizawa, Y., Nakamura, T., Sato, T., Naito, M., Hatayama, N., Hirai, S., Tashiro, K., Koshima, I., 2014. Anorectal autotransplantation in a canine model: the first successful report in the short term with the non-laparotomy approach. Sci. Rep. 4, 6312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stratton, J.A., 2015. Electromagnetic Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sivanandam, S.N., 2008. Introduction to Genetic Algorithms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Skjerdal, T., 2016. Why the Arab Spring Never Came to Ethiopia, in: Mutsvairo, B. (Ed.), Participatory Politics and Citizen Journalism in a Networked Africa: A Connected Continent. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 77–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. California Breaks Record After Getting 81 Percent Of Energy From Renewables [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Maritime Security: DHS Could Benefit from Tracking Progress in Implementing the Small Vessel Security Strategy (No. GAO-14-32). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McLeod, D.J., 2010. From fear to freedom: Overcoming obstacles and living truthfully in a role (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Scouting Report. New York Times E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lovett, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lovett, 2007; Schoenemann and Clarkson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schoenemann and Clarkson, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Araki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sustainable Built Environment
AbbreviationInt. J. Sustain. Built Environ.
ISSN (print)2212-6090
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Ecological Modelling
Environmental Engineering
Urban Studies

Other styles