How to format your references using the International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, R.H., 2003. Evolution. Wingless insects and plucked chickens. Science 299, 1854–1855.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevens, B., Bony, S., 2013. Climate change. What are climate models missing? Science 340, 1053–1054.
A journal article with 3 authors
Howat, I.M., Joughin, I., Scambos, T.A., 2007. Rapid changes in ice discharge from Greenland outlet glaciers. Science 315, 1559–1561.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, K.C., Kim, J.A., Sivasankaran, R., Segal, R., He, Z., 2002. P75 interacts with the Nogo receptor as a co-receptor for Nogo, MAG and OMgp. Nature 420, 74–78.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson Jr. MD, W.H., Moller MD, J.H., 2014. Pediatric Cardiology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Volkmar, F.R., Reichow, B., McPartland, J.C. (Eds.), 2014. Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Coetzee, L., 2016. Global Tools Enhance Local Exchange through Community Currency in an Alternate Economy, in: Dey, B., Sorour, K., Filieri, R. (Eds.), ICTs in Developing Countries: Research, Practices and Policy Implications. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 75–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Planet Earth II: Why More Than 200,000 Saiga Antelopes Died In Just Days [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Mass Transit: Preliminary Views on Options for Additional Fiscal Oversight of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (No. GAO-05-922T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cebada-Ricalde, M.C., 2014. Synthesis and characterization of PANI-coated VGCNFs and evaluation of its use for corrosion inhibition (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2014. Exploring the Continuity of the Radical. New York Times WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thomas, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Stevens and Bony, 2013; Thomas, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevens and Bony, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sustainable Built Environment
AbbreviationInt. J. Sustain. Built Environ.
ISSN (print)2212-6090
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Ecological Modelling
Environmental Engineering
Urban Studies

Other styles