How to format your references using the International Journal of Stress Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Stress Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pauluis, O. M. (2015). Atmospheric science. The global engine that could. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6221), 475–476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wodarz, D., & Zauber, A. G. (2015). Cancer: Risk factors and random chances. Nature, 517(7536), 563–564.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brook, B. W., Sodhi, N. S., & Ng, P. K. L. (2003). Catastrophic extinctions follow deforestation in Singapore. Nature, 424(6947), 420–426.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
O’Dell, D., Serey, X., Kang, P., & Erickson, D. (2014). Localized opto-mechanical control of protein adsorption onto carbon nanotubes. Scientific Reports, 4, 6707.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doyle, J. F. (2005). Modern Experimental Stress Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Newton-Fisher, N. E., Notman, H., Paterson, J. D., & Reynolds, V. (Eds.). (2006). Primates of Western Uganda. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, H., Silva, E. A., & Wang, Q. (2015). Simulating the Dynamics of Creative Industries’ Interactions with Urban Land Use by Agent-Based Modelling. In E. A. Silva & Q. Wang (Eds.), Creative Industries and Urban Spatial Structure: Agent-based Modelling of the Dynamics in Nanjing (pp. 101–133). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Stress Management.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, October 21). Human Intestines Successfully Grown in Mice. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Pell Grants for Prison Inmates (HEHS-94-224R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, S. K. (2017). Data Transmission Using Image Steganography in Quick Response (QR) Code [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2017, March 3). Europeans Vote to Alter Visa Rules of Americans. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pauluis, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Pauluis, 2015; Wodarz & Zauber, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wodarz & Zauber, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Brook et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (O’Dell et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Stress Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Stress Manag.
ISSN (print)1072-5245
ISSN (online)1573-3424
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Medicine
General Psychology
Applied Psychology

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