How to format your references using the International Journal of Stress Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Stress Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Downie, J. A. (2007). Plant science. Infectious heresy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5829), 1296–1297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kreitzer, A. C., & Malenka, R. C. (2007). Endocannabinoid-mediated rescue of striatal LTD and motor deficits in Parkinson’s disease models. Nature, 445(7128), 643–647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Ami Bartal, I., Decety, J., & Mason, P. (2011). Empathy and pro-social behavior in rats. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6061), 1427–1430.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Johnston, C. A., Temple, B. R., Chen, J.-G., Gao, Y., Moriyama, E. N., Jones, A. M., Siderovski, D. P., & Willard, F. S. (2007). Comment on “A G protein coupled receptor is a plasma membrane receptor for the plant hormone abscisic acid.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5852), 914; author reply 914.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chowdhury, S. (2016). Optimization and Business Improvement Studies in Upstream Oil and Gas Industry. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Keyhani, A., & Marwali, M. (Eds.). (2012). Smart Power Grids 2011. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vincelli, P. (2010). Technology Transfer in Extension: Experience in the United States of America. In N. Hardwick & M. L. Gullino (Eds.), Knowledge and Technology Transfer for Plant Pathology (pp. 55–58). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Stress Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 14). Hubble Provides Information for Images of Early Milky Way. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). ADP Systems: Concerns About the Acquisition Plan for DOD’s Composite Health Care System (IMTEC-86-12). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weisblatt, B. H. (2010). The numinous on Russian soil: A depth psychological interpretation of religious experience in “The Brothers Karamazov” [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. R. (2017, January 13). A Better Way to Fix the Border. New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Downie, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Downie, 2007; Kreitzer & Malenka, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kreitzer & Malenka, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Ben-Ami Bartal et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Johnston et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Stress Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Stress Manag.
ISSN (print)1072-5245
ISSN (online)1573-3424
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Medicine
General Psychology
Applied Psychology

Other styles