How to format your references using the International Journal of Stress Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Stress Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harris, A. (2008). What Spaceguard did. Nature, 453(7199), 1178–1179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Faccenna, C., & Becker, T. W. (2010). Shaping mobile belts by small-scale convection. Nature, 465(7298), 602–605.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhong, Y., Zhang, L., & Su, D. (2000). Collaborations tailored for bioinformatics projects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5499), 2074a.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Han, B. W., Herrin, B. R., Cooper, M. D., & Wilson, I. A. (2008). Antigen recognition by variable lymphocyte receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5897), 1834–1837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
New, T. R. (2012). Hymenoptera and Conservation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Borghese, F. (2007). Scattering from Model Nonspherical Particles: Theory and Applications to Environmental Physics (P. Denti & R. Saija, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chang, C. (2013). Legisprudence in the Korean Context: A Practical Approach Focusing on the Confucian Effects on Rationality. In L. J. Wintgens & A. D. Oliver-Lalana (Eds.), The Rationality and Justification of Legislation: Essays in Legisprudence (pp. 63–73). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Stress Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, January 17). Spiders use electricity to catch prey and airborne particulates. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Space Station: Status of Efforts to Determine Commercial Potential (NSIAD-99-153R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowley, K. M. (2019). Dynamics of Creativity: A Study of Early Drug Discovery Scientists’ Experience of Creativity [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016, October 27). Edmonton’s Abuzz? Think Prodigy. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harris, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Faccenna & Becker, 2010; Harris, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Faccenna & Becker, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Zhong et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Han et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Stress Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Stress Manag.
ISSN (print)1072-5245
ISSN (online)1573-3424
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Medicine
General Psychology
Applied Psychology

Other styles