How to format your references using the Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landsea CW (2005) Meteorology: hurricanes and global warming. Nature 438:E11-2; discussion E13
A journal article with 2 authors
Zanetti M, Mahadevan NR (2012) Cancer. Immune surveillance from chromosomal chaos? Science 337:1616–1617
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmitz B, Häggström T, Tassinari M (2003) Sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial chromite traces a major asteroid disruption event. Science 300:961–964
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Grigsby CL, Ho Y-P, Lin C, et al (2013) Microfluidic preparation of polymer-nucleic acid nanocomplexes improves nonviral gene transfer. Sci Rep 3:3155

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Homer S, Leibowitz ML (2013) Inside the Yield Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kamihira M, Katakura Y, Ito A (2010) Animal Cell Technology: Basic & Applied Aspects: Proceedings of the 21st Annual and International Meeting of the Japanese Association for Animal Cell Technology (JAACT), Fukuoka, Japan, November 24-27, 2008. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Reiter E, Williams S (2010) Generating Texts in Different Styles. In: Argamon S, Burns K, Dubnov S (eds) The Structure of Style: Algorithmic Approaches to Understanding Manner and Meaning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 59–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Whale Shark DNA Detected In Samples Of Seawater. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Review of Training Grant Awarded to the University of California at Los Angeles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramakrishnan L (2009) Multi-level adaptation for performability in dynamic web service workflows. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Palmer E, Otis J (2016) Neediest Cases Fund Opens 105th Campaign. New York Times A30

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanotechnology for Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationNanotechnol. Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)2365-6379
ISSN (online)2365-6387

Other styles