How to format your references using the Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pessoa L (2004) Neuroscience. Seeing the world in the same way. Science 303:1617–1618
A journal article with 2 authors
Pack CC, Born RT (2001) Temporal dynamics of a neural solution to the aperture problem in visual area MT of macaque brain. Nature 409:1040–1042
A journal article with 3 authors
Feurer T, Vaughan JC, Nelson KA (2003) Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves. Science 299:374–377
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Suehiro K, Nakamura Y, Xu S, et al (2014) Ecto-domain phosphorylation promotes functional recovery from spinal cord injury. Sci Rep 4:4972

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi MH (2003) Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dragomir S (2006) Differential Geometry and Analysis on CR Manifolds. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Hoedt E, Zhang G, Neubert TA (2014) Stable Isotope Labeling by Amino Acids in Cell Culture (SILAC) for Quantitative Proteomics. In: Woods AG, Darie CC (eds) Advancements of Mass Spectrometry in Biomedical Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 93–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Man Dies Swimming In The Ocean After Ignoring Post-Tattoo Advice. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) D.C. Public School Enrollment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore DL (2012) The Challenge Program: A quantitative analysis of strategies designed to eliminate the achievement gap. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik JF (2017) Death Is Inevitable. Financial Turmoil Afterward Isn’t. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanotechnology for Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationNanotechnol. Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)2365-6379
ISSN (online)2365-6387

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