How to format your references using the Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen MR (2012) Eppendorf winner. When attention wanders. Science 338:58–59
A journal article with 2 authors
Blake GA, Bergin EA (2015) Planetary science: Prebiotic chemistry on the rocks. Nature 520:161–162
A journal article with 3 authors
Bartels A, Heinecke D, Diddams SA (2009) 10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb. Science 326:681
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lin Y, Skaff H, Emrick T, et al (2003) Nanoparticle assembly and transport at liquid-liquid interfaces. Science 299:226–229

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickson EFG (2012) Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jiménez Catalán RM (2014) Lexical Availability in English and Spanish as a Second Language. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Fu W, Xiao N, Lu X (2007) QoS-Guaranteed Ring Replication Management with Strong Consistency. In: Chang KC-C, Wang W, Chen L, et al (eds) Advances in Web and Network Technologies, and Information Management: APWeb/WAIM 2007 International Workshops: DBMAN 2007, WebETrends 2007, PAIS 2007 and ASWAN 2007, Huang Shan, China, June 16-18, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Hidden Layers Have Been Found In The Tomb Of Jesus Christ. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Space Shuttle Main Engine: NASA Has Not Evaluated the Alternate Fuel Turbopump Costs and Benefits. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tosti CL (2009) Quantification of dispersed and aggregated iron in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) A Star Still Airlifts the Show. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanotechnology for Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationNanotechnol. Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)2365-6379
ISSN (online)2365-6387

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