How to format your references using the International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shetty, P. (2012). The numbers game. Nature, 484(7395), S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monroe, C., & Kim, J. (2013). Scaling the ion trap quantum processor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6124), 1164–1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akselrod, M., Herzog, M. H., & Öğmen, H. (2014). Tracing path-guided apparent motion in human primary visual cortex V1. Scientific Reports, 4, 6063.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Saccone, P., Cotugno, G., Russo, F., Mastrogiacomo, R., Tessitore, A., Auricchio, A., & De Leonibus, E. (2014). Sensory-motor behavioral characterization of an animal model of Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (or Mucopolysaccharidosis VI). Scientific Reports, 4, 3644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller, J. M. (2009). Chromatography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Betta, M. (Ed.). (2006). The Moral, Social, and Commercial Imperatives of Genetic Testing and Screening: The Australian Case (Vol. 30). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Martin, M. J. (2011). To Operate or Image? (Pulling the Trigger). In M. J. Martin & A. C. Beekley (Eds.), Front Line Surgery: A Practical Approach (pp. 59–66). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 11). New Photographs Show Surface Of Venus. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Transportation Security: Status of GAO Recommendations on TSA’s Security-Related Technology Acquisitions (GAO-16-176). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gwaduri, E. (2009). A personal narrative: Struggles and experiences of acculturation as a Pakistani Shia Muslim while battling immigration [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2010, December 23). In Town That Stopped Checks, A Warning on Public Pensions. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shetty, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Monroe & Kim, 2013; Shetty, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monroe & Kim, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Akselrod et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Saccone et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
AbbreviationInt. J. Sport Exerc. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1612-197X
ISSN (online)1557-251X
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology

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