How to format your references using the International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2007). A place in the sun. Nature, 446(7132), 124–125.
A journal article with 2 authors
Insel, T. R., & Sahakian, B. J. (2012). Drug research: a plan for mental illness. Nature, 483(7389), 269.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meylan, E., Tschopp, J., & Karin, M. (2006). Intracellular pattern recognition receptors in the host response. Nature, 442(7098), 39–44.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pol, A., Heijmans, K., Harhangi, H. R., Tedesco, D., Jetten, M. S. M., & Op den Camp, H. J. M. (2007). Methanotrophy below pH 1 by a new Verrucomicrobia species. Nature, 450(7171), 874–878.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase, C. W., Jr. (2013). Demand-Driven Forecasting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Coronado, D., Acosta, M., Cerbán, M. del M., & López, M. del P. (Eds.). (2006). Economic Impact of the Container Traffic at the Port of Algeciras Bay. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fomin, F. V., & Kratsch, D. (2010). Treewidth. In D. Kratsch (Ed.), Exact Exponential Algorithms (pp. 77–100). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, March 27). “Gunshot” Sounds Used to Spot Whale Breeding Grounds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-95-17(4)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khaleghi, F. K. (2017). Evaluating Satisfaction of Participants within the Outreach and Engagement Program of MECCA [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, May 19). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: 11 Killed In Chechen Ambushes. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2007; Insel & Sahakian, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Insel & Sahakian, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Meylan et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pol et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
AbbreviationInt. J. Sport Exerc. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1612-197X
ISSN (online)1557-251X
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology

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