How to format your references using the International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershenfeld, N. (2001). A quantum conversation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2035–2037.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, K., & Rathod, P. K. (2002). Divergent regulation of dihydrofolate reductase between malaria parasite and human host. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), 545–547.
A journal article with 3 authors
González, E., Arbiol, J., & Puntes, V. F. (2011). Carving at the nanoscale: sequential galvanic exchange and Kirkendall growth at room temperature. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6061), 1377–1380.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chabot, V., Kim, B., Sloper, B., Tzoganakis, C., & Yu, A. (2013). High yield production and purification of few layer graphene by gum arabic assisted physical sonication. Scientific Reports, 3, 1378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moeller, R. (2010). IT Audit, Control, and Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhang, C. (2009). Advances in Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering: Proceedings of 16th IAHR-APD Congress and 3rd Symposium of IAHR-ISHS (H. Tang, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Glynn, P. W., & Manzello, D. P. (2015). Bioerosion and Coral Reef Growth: A Dynamic Balance. In C. Birkeland (Ed.), Coral Reefs in the Anthropocene (pp. 67–97). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, July 11). Check Out What Happens When You Fill A Six-Foot Balloon With Liquid Nitrogen. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Air Force Supply: Management Actions Create Spare Parts Shortages and Operations Problems (NSIAD/AIMD-99-77). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J. M. (2011). A recruitment campaign for Latino non-kin foster parents: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, June 12). Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershenfeld, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gershenfeld, 2001; Zhang & Rathod, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang & Rathod, 2002)
  • Three authors: (González et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chabot et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
AbbreviationInt. J. Sport Exerc. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1612-197X
ISSN (online)1557-251X
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology

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