How to format your references using the International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baughman, R. H. (2006). Chemistry. Dangerously seeking linear carbon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1009–1110.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher, B., & Costanza, R. (2005). Environmental policy: regional commitment to reducing emissions. Nature, 438(7066), 301–302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chklovskii, D. B., Mel, B. W., & Svoboda, K. (2004). Cortical rewiring and information storage. Nature, 431(7010), 782–788.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
King, A. A., Ionides, E. L., Pascual, M., & Bouma, M. J. (2008). Inapparent infections and cholera dynamics. Nature, 454(7206), 877–880.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon, A., & Hernandez, S. (2016). The Official (ISC) 2® Guide to the SSCP 2® CBK 2®. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chakraborty, K. (2015). Soft Computing Techniques in Voltage Security Analysis. (A. Chakrabarti, Ed.). New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Sen, S., Cortesi, A., & Chaki, N. (2016). Conclusions. In A. Cortesi & N. Chaki (Eds.), Hyper-lattice Algebraic Model for Data Warehousing (pp. 61–62). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 22). Man Pronounces Name of Longest Protein. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Telecommunications Network: NASA Could Better Manage Its Planned Consolidation (No. AIMD-96-33). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, N. (2015). Computational Studies on Biomolecular Diffusion and Electrostatics (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, H. (2017, August 30). Pentagon, Seeking Transparency, Says 11,000 U.S. Troops Are in Afghanistan. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baughman, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Baughman, 2006; Fisher & Costanza, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fisher & Costanza, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Chklovskii, Mel, & Svoboda, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (King, Ionides, Pascual, & Bouma, 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
AbbreviationInt. J. Sport Exerc. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1612-197X
ISSN (online)1557-251X
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology

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