How to format your references using the Kidney Research and Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney Research and Clinical Practice (KRCP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M: Microscopy: Bright light, better labels. Nature 478(7367):137–42, 2011
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith MW:, Baran PS: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. As simple as [2+2]. Science 349(6251):925–6, 2015
A journal article with 3 authors
Bradley RS:, Hughes MK:, Diaz HF: Climate change. Climate in Medieval time. Science 302(5644):404–5, 2003
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Young G:, Hundt N:, Cole D:, Fineberg A:, Andrecka J:, Tyler A:, Olerinyova A:, Ansari A:, Marklund EG:, Collier MP:, Chandler SA:, Tkachenko O:, Allen J:, Crispin M:, Billington N:, Takagi Y:, Sellers JR:, Eichmann C:, Selenko P:, Frey L:, Riek R:, Galpin MR:, Struwe WB:, Benesch JLP:, Kukura P: Quantitative mass imaging of single biological macromolecules. Science 360(6387):423–7, 2018

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grose M: Construction Law in the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Greco A: Advances in Electrodermal Activity Processing with Applications for Mental Health: From Heuristic Methods to Convex Optimization. Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Borges JS:, Bioucas-Dias JM:, Marçal ARS: Bayesian Hyperspectral Image Segmentation with Discriminative Class Learning. In: Martí J, Benedí JM, Mendonça AM, and Serrat J, editors. Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: Third Iberian Conference, IbPRIA 2007, Girona, Spain, June 6-8, 2007, Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 22–9, 2007

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney Research and Clinical Practice.

Blog post
Luntz S: Volcanic Eruptions Cooled Oceans For Centuries. IFLScience. Available at: [Date accessed: October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Compliance Status Information on Biomedical Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hudson WC: Spreading the dao, managing mastership, and performing salvation: The life and alchemical teachings of Chen Zhixu. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
French A: The Last, Disposable Action Hero. New York Times:MM32, 2014

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney Research and Clinical Practice
AbbreviationKidney Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)2211-9132
ISSN (online)2211-9140

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