How to format your references using the Kidney Research and Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney Research and Clinical Practice (KRCP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Betancourt JL: PALEOCLIMATE: The Amazon Reveals Its Secrets--Partly. Science 290(5500):2274–5, 2000
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim H-J:, Benner SA: Comment on “The silicate-mediated formose reaction: bottom-up synthesis of sugar silicates.” Science 329(5994):902; author reply 902, 2010
A journal article with 3 authors
Szostak JW:, Bartel DP:, Luisi PL: Synthesizing life. Nature 409(6818):387–90, 2001
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogden SK:, Fei DL:, Schilling NS:, Ahmed YF:, Hwa J:, Robbins DJ: G protein Galphai functions immediately downstream of Smoothened in Hedgehog signalling. Nature 456(7224):967–70, 2008

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lütolf-Carroll C:, Antti Pirnes:, Withers LLP: From Innovation to Cash Flows. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Patra AK: Dietary Phytochemicals and Microbes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Naqvi SWA: Indian Ocean Margins. In: Liu K-K, Atkinson L, Quiñones R, and Talaue-McManus L, editors. Carbon and Nutrient Fluxes in Continental Margins: A Global Synthesis, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 171–210, 2010

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney Research and Clinical Practice.

Blog post
Andrew E: California Blue Whales Bounce Back From Whaling. IFLScience. Available at: [Date accessed: October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Proposed Amendments to the 1978 Labor, Health, Education, and Welfare Appropriations Bill. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelser CR: Interpretation of Aaron Copland’s Duo for Flute and Piano. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Branch J: Fans, Please Rise (No, Not for Beer). New York Times:D1, 2017

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney Research and Clinical Practice
AbbreviationKidney Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)2211-9132
ISSN (online)2211-9140

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