How to format your references using the Kidney Research and Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney Research and Clinical Practice (KRCP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kong X: China must protect high-quality arable land. Nature 506(7486):7, 2014
A journal article with 2 authors
Dobberstein B:, Sinning I: Structural biology. Surprising news from the PCC. Science 303(5656):320–2, 2004
A journal article with 3 authors
Sherwood SC:, Bony S:, Dufresne J-L: Spread in model climate sensitivity traced to atmospheric convective mixing. Nature 505(7481):37–42, 2014
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tobalske BW:, Hedrick TL:, Dial KP:, Biewener AA: Comparative power curves in bird flight. Nature 421(6921):363–6, 2003

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiorenzani S:, Ravelli S:, Edoli E: The Handbook of Energy Trading. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jespers E: Noetherian Semigroup Algebras. vol. 7. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Teytaud O:, Gelly S:, Mary J: On the Ultimate Convergence Rates for Isotropic Algorithms and the Best Choices Among Various Forms of Isotropy. In: Runarsson TP, Beyer H-G, Burke E, Merelo-Guervós JJ, Whitley LD, and Yao X, editors. Parallel Problem Solving from Nature - PPSN IX: 9th International Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland, September 9-13, 2006, Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 32–41, 2006

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney Research and Clinical Practice.

Blog post
Andrew E: Scientists Find Bacteria That “Breathe” Uranium. IFLScience. Available at: [Date accessed: October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FAA Computer Security: Recommendations to Address Continuing Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grefe SE: Plasmonic and topological insulator nanostructures and metamaterials nanoscale near-field investigations: Experiment and theory. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K: Spellers Struggle on Screen. Hipsters Howl and Mimic. New York Times:146, 2003

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney Research and Clinical Practice
AbbreviationKidney Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)2211-9132
ISSN (online)2211-9140

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