How to format your references using the Kidney Research and Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney Research and Clinical Practice (KRCP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joughin I: Climate change. Greenland rumbles louder as glaciers accelerate. Science 311(5768):1719–20, 2006
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauschecker JP:, Shannon RV: Sending sound to the brain. Science 295(5557):1025–9, 2002
A journal article with 3 authors
GrandPré T:, Li S:, Strittmatter SM: Nogo-66 receptor antagonist peptide promotes axonal regeneration. Nature 417(6888):547–51, 2002
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang W:, Wang Y:, Lee OO:, Tian R:, Cao H:, Gao Z:, Li Y:, Yu L:, Xu Y:, Qian P-Y: Adaptation of intertidal biofilm communities is driven by metal ion and oxidative stresses. Sci Rep 3:3180, 2013

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasternak JJ: An Introduction to Human Molecular Genetics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lee K-H: Business Value and Sustainability: An Integrated Supply Network Perspective. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK
A chapter in an edited book
Davis AB: Effective Propagation Kernels in Structured Media with Broad Spatial Correlations, Illustration with Large-Scale Transport of Solar Photons Through Cloudy Atmospheres. In: Graziani F, editor. Computational Methods in Transport: Granlibakken 2004, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 85–140, 2006

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney Research and Clinical Practice.

Blog post
Carpineti A: We Are Almost Certainly Not Alone In The Universe. IFLScience. Available at: [Date accessed: October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: Technology’s Role in Addressing Vulnerabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell JR: Ocean fronts in the Southern California Current System and their role in structuring zooplankton distributions, diel vertical migration, and size composition. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J: Age Requirement At Chelsea Art Gallery: Over 60 Only. New York Times:A20, 2017

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney Research and Clinical Practice
AbbreviationKidney Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)2211-9132
ISSN (online)2211-9140

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