How to format your references using the Kidney Research and Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney Research and Clinical Practice (KRCP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stocker TF: The silent services of the world ocean. Science 350(6262):764–5, 2015
A journal article with 2 authors
Barron AB:, Brown MJF: Science journalism: Let’s talk about sex. Nature 488(7410):151–2, 2012
A journal article with 3 authors
Newsome TP:, Scaplehorn N:, Way M: SRC mediates a switch from microtubule- to actin-based motility of vaccinia virus. Science 306(5693):124–9, 2004
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Friis EM:, Crane PR:, Pedersen KR:, Bengtson S:, Donoghue PCJ:, Grimm GW:, Stampanoni M: Phase-contrast X-ray microtomography links Cretaceous seeds with Gnetales and Bennettitales. Nature 450(7169):549–52, 2007

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barker P:, Chang J: Basic Family Therapy. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
An edited book
Hosono A:, Iizuka M:, Katz J: Chile’s Salmon Industry: Policy Challenges in Managing Public Goods. Tokyo: Springer Japan
A chapter in an edited book
Adams JC:, Brainerd WS:, Hendrickson RA:, Maine RE:, Martin JT:, Smith BT: Declarations. In: Brainerd WS, Hendrickson RA, Maine RE, Martin JT, and Smith BT, editors. The Fortran 2003 Handbook: The Complete Syntax, Features and Procedures, London: Springer, 115–69, 2009

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney Research and Clinical Practice.

Blog post
Andrew D: What’s The Deadliest Plant On Earth? IFLScience. Available at: [Date accessed: October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transition From School to Work: H.R. 2884 Addresses Components of Comprehensive Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gwaduri E: A personal narrative: Struggles and experiences of acculturation as a Pakistani Shia Muslim while battling immigration. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B: The Image Is Fixed, but Our Lives Are in Flux. New York Times:C6, 2016

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney Research and Clinical Practice
AbbreviationKidney Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)2211-9132
ISSN (online)2211-9140

Other styles