How to format your references using the Frontiers in Educational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Educational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lagendijk, A. (2005). Pushing for power. Nature 438, 429.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ito, T., and Handa, H. (2015). Myeloid disease: Another action of a thalidomide derivative. Nature 523, 167–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maini, P. K., Baker, R. E., and Chuong, C.-M. (2006). Developmental biology. The Turing model comes of molecular age. Science 314, 1397–1398.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tegze, M., Faigel, G., Marchesini, S., Belakhovsky, M., and Ulrich, O. (2000). Imaging light atoms by X-ray holography. Nature 407, 38.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dauphiné, A. (2012). Fractal Geography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Morrison, F. L. ed. (2016). Fiscal Rules - Limits on Governmental Deficits and Debt. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bonamonte, D., Verni, P., Filoni, A., and Angelini, G. (2016). “Dermatitis Caused by Molluscs,” in Aquatic Dermatology: Biotic, Chemical and Physical Agents, eds. D. Bonamonte and G. Angelini (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 105–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Educational Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Regular Coffee Consumption May Help Protect Against A Form Of Skin Cancer. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Health Care: Benefits and Barriers to Automated Medical Records. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Araki, P. R. (2017). Golden Years Home Residential Care Facility for the Elderly.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). Beach Rats. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lagendijk, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Lagendijk, 2005; Ito and Handa, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ito and Handa, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Tegze et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Educational Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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