How to format your references using the Frontiers in Educational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Educational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yarborough, M. (2014). Openness in science is key to keeping public trust. Nature 515, 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thomson, M., and Gunawardena, J. (2009). Unlimited multistability in multisite phosphorylation systems. Nature 460, 274–277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hernlund, J. W., Thomas, C., and Tackley, P. J. (2005). A doubling of the post-perovskite phase boundary and structure of the Earth’s lowermost mantle. Nature 434, 882–886.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim, M., Bertram, M., Pollmann, M., von Oertzen, A., Mikhailov, A. S., Rotermund, H. H., et al. (2001). Controlling chemical turbulence by global delayed feedback: pattern formation in catalytic CO oxidation on Pt(110). Science 292, 1357–1360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mastro, P. F. (2016). Plastics Product Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Millsap, R. E., Bolt, D. M., van der Ark, L. A., and Wang, W.-C. eds. (2015). Quantitative Psychology Research: The 78th Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Karamolegkos, P., Maroudas, A., and Manouselis, N. (2010). “Application Profiling for Rural Communities: eGov Services and Training Resources in Rural Inclusion,” in Metadata and Semantic Research: 4th International Conference, MTSR 2010, Alcalá de Henares, Spain, October 20-22, 2010. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science., eds. S. Sánchez-Alonso and I. N. Athanasiadis (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 46–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Educational Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). Strange, newly-discovered exoplanet defies planetary formation theories. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Wallop-Breaux Trust Fund. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, R. A. (2017). Musculoskeletal Injuries in California Ocean Lifeguards.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rowan, J. (2016). A Less Than Honorable Policy. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yarborough, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Thomson and Gunawardena, 2009; Yarborough, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thomson and Gunawardena, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Educational Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles