How to format your references using the Frontiers in Educational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Educational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gerber, C. (2013). Heinrich Rohrer (1933-2013). Nature 499, 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seeley, R. J., and Sandoval, D. A. (2011). Neuroscience: weight loss through smoking. Nature 475, 176–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Teufel, R., Friedrich, T., and Fuchs, G. (2012). An oxygenase that forms and deoxygenates toxic epoxide. Nature 483, 359–362.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rouach, N., Koulakoff, A., Abudara, V., Willecke, K., and Giaume, C. (2008). Astroglial metabolic networks sustain hippocampal synaptic transmission. Science 322, 1551–1555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagdonavičius, V., Julius, K., and Nikulin, M. S. (2011). Non-parametric Tests for Complete Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Baldoni, M., Chopra, A. K., Son, T. C., Hirayama, K., and Torroni, P. eds. (2016). PRIMA 2016: Principles and Practice of Multi-Agent Systems: 19th International Conference, Phuket, Thailand, August 22-26, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
De Mulder, E. F. J., Van Ree, C. C. D. F., and Wang, K. (2015). “Underground Urban Development: An Overview,” in Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 5: Urban Geology, Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation, eds. G. Lollino, A. Manconi, F. Guzzetti, M. Culshaw, P. Bobrowsky, and F. Luino (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 25–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Educational Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). ExxonMobil Under Investigation Over Claims It Lied To The Public Over Climate Change. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Continue to Invest in Smart Card Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bracht, K. D. (2010). Causes of nonattendance and its effect on student achievement at the high school level.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Borden, S. (2012). A Photo Finish Too Close to Call, Even by Camera. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gerber, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Seeley and Sandoval, 2011; Gerber, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seeley and Sandoval, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Rouach et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Educational Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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