How to format your references using the Frontiers in Educational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Educational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keenan, T. F. (2015). Phenology: Spring greening in a warming world. Nature 526, 48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pouille, F., and Scanziani, M. (2001). Enforcement of temporal fidelity in pyramidal cells by somatic feed-forward inhibition. Science 293, 1159–1163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Veríssimo, A., Cochrane, M. A., and Souza, C., Jr (2002). Ecology. National forests in the Amazon. Science 297, 1478.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ram, R. J., Verberkmoes, N. C., Thelen, M. P., Tyson, G. W., Baker, B. J., Blake, R. C., 2nd, et al. (2005). Community proteomics of a natural microbial biofilm. Science 308, 1915–1920.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, S. D. (2012). Psychology at the Movies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kulish, P. P., Manojlovich, N., and Samtleben, H. eds. (2005). Infinite Dimensional Algebras and Quantum Integrable Systems. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Srivastava, S., and Goyal, P. (2010). “Existing Metal Removal Technologies: Demerits,” in Novel Biomaterials: Decontamination of Toxic Metals from Wastewater Environmental Science and Engineering., ed. P. Goyal (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 31–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Educational Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). Hawaii Becomes First State To Pass Law That Aligns With The Paris Agreement. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Transportation Activities 1946-1975: Interview with Joseph P. Normile, Fred J. Shafer, and Thomas E. Sullivan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paustian, M. E. (2010). Evaluating competition between the non-native slug Arion subfuscus and the native slug Philomycus carolinianus.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Khodarkovsky, M. (2017). Russia’s age-old identity question. New York Times, 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keenan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Pouille and Scanziani, 2001; Keenan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pouille and Scanziani, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ram et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Educational Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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