How to format your references using the International Journal of Social Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Social Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Montgomery MH (2008) Astronomy. The pulse of distant stars. Science 322:536–537
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sato M, Sievers AJ (2004) Direct observation of the discrete character of intrinsic localized modes in an antiferromagnet. Nature 432:486–488
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pasham DR, Strohmayer TE, Mushotzky RF (2014) A 400-solar-mass black hole in the galaxy M82. Nature 513:74–76
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
González-José R, Escapa I, Neves WA, et al (2008) Cladistic analysis of continuous modularized traits provides phylogenetic signals in Homo evolution. Nature 453:775–778

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vorbrüggen H (2005) Silicon-Mediated Transformations of Functional Groups. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Magistris MD (2007) Circuiti: Fondamenti di Circuiti per l’Ingegneria. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nicosevici T, Garcia R (2013) Online 3D Model Simplification. In: Garcia R (ed) Efficient 3D Scene Modeling and Mosaicing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 127–142

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Social Robotics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2013) Researchers Detect Photons Without Inflicting Damage. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/researchers-detect-photons-without-inflicting-damage/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2002) Homeland Security: Information Technology Funding and Associated Management Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Love KS (2010) Factors infleuncing job satisfaction in nurses. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Palmer E, Otis J (2017) Tradition of Helping Neediest Cases Inspires Readers to Give Back. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Social Robotics
AbbreviationInt. J. Soc. Robot.
ISSN (print)1875-4791
ISSN (online)1875-4805
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

Other styles