How to format your references using the International Journal of Social Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Social Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Veevers J (2011) Geophysics: earth’s longest fossil rift-valley system. Nature 479:304–306
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor WR, Lin K (2003) Protein knots: A tangled problem. Nature 421:25
A journal article with 3 authors
Malmgren RD, Ottino JM, Nunes Amaral LA (2010) The role of mentorship in protégé performance. Nature 465:622–626
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Enninga J, Levy DE, Blobel G, Fontoura BMA (2002) Role of nucleoporin induction in releasing an mRNA nuclear export block. Science 295:1523–1525

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stolarski TA, Tobe S (2000) Rolling Contacts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Toyota N (2007) Low-Dimensional Molecular Metals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bernig A (2012) Algebraic Integral Geometry. In: Bär C, Lohkamp J, Schwarz M (eds) Global Differential Geometry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 107–145

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Social Robotics.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) NASA Animate The Beauty Of Drone Aerodynamics. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Aviation and the Environment: Initial Voluntary Airport Low Emissions Program Projects Reduce Emissions, and FAA Plans to Assess the Program’s Overall Performance as Participation Increases. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biermann JL (2009) The distribution of Callinectes sapidus megalopae at the mouths of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Implications for larval ingress. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Scott M, Kanter J (2016) European Officials Say Facebook Misled Them About WhatsApp. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Social Robotics
AbbreviationInt. J. Soc. Robot.
ISSN (print)1875-4791
ISSN (online)1875-4805
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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