How to format your references using the Neuroepidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroepidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Marquis RJ. Ecology. Herbivores rule. Science. 2004 Jul;305(5684):619–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Radisky DC, Bissell MJ. Cancer. Respect thy neighbor! Science. 2004 Feb;303(5659):775–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Lee D, Lin B-J, Lee AK. Hippocampal place fields emerge upon single-cell manipulation of excitability during behavior. Science. 2012 Aug;337(6096):849–53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Ohno M, Sakumi K, Fukumura R, Furuichi M, Iwasaki Y, Hokama M, et al. 8-oxoguanine causes spontaneous de novo germline mutations in mice. Sci Rep. 2014 Apr;4:4689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Britton M. YouthNation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1
Hart WE. Pyomo – Optimization Modeling in Python. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Ferrari LT, Schaefer CEGR, Fernandes RBA, Mendonça BAF, Gjorup DF, Corrêa GR, et al. Thermic and Hydric Dynamics of Ironstone (Canga) and Quartzite Rupestrian Grasslands in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero: The Ecological Importance of Water. In: Fernandes GW, editor. Ecology and Conservation of Mountaintop grasslands in Brazil. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 71–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroepidemiology.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. Science Says Parents Of Successful Kids Have These 16 Things In Common [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Sep [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/science-says-parents-of-successful-kids-have-these-16-things-in-common/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s System of Accounting for Accounts Receivable. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Adijanto J. Metabolic acid transport in human retinal pigment epithelium. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Takes Up Global Warming Case. New York Times. 2006 Nov;A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroepidemiology
AbbreviationNeuroepidemiology
ISSN (print)0251-5350
ISSN (online)1423-0208
ScopeEpidemiology
Clinical Neurology

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