How to format your references using the Neuroepidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroepidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Lawler A. 2007 U.S. budget. NASA budget soars as shuttle lands. Science. 2006 Jul;313(5785):280.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Hogue TS, Pincetl S. WATER CONSERVATION. Are you watering your lawn? Science. 2015 Jun;348(6241):1319–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Werner SC, Ody A, Poulet F. The source crater of martian shergottite meteorites. Science. 2014 Mar;343(6177):1343–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Silva DB, Turatti ICC, Gouveia DR, Ernst M, Teixeira SP, Lopes NP. Mass spectrometry of flavonoid vicenin-2, based sunlight barriers in Lychnophora species. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar;4:4309.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Stack T, Ostrom LT, Wilhelmsen CA. Occupational Ergonomics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1
Filipe J, Gusikhin O, Madani K, Sasiadek J, editors. Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics: 11th International Conference, ICINCO 2014 Vienna, Austria, September 2-4, 2014 Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Bridger JM, Mehta IS. Nuclear Molecular Motors for Active, Directed Chromatin Movement in Interphase Nuclei. In: Adams NM, Freemont PS, editors. Advances in Nuclear Architecture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011; pp 149–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroepidemiology.

Blog post
1
Hale T. The Color Of This Handbag Has Divided The Internet, Once Again [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Oct [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/the-color-of-this-handbag-has-divided-the-internet-once-again/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Highway Research: DOT’s Actions to Implement Best Practices for Setting Research Agendas and Evaluating Outcomes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Pesochinsky N. Effect of Refractive Vision Correction of Myopia and Hyperopia Through Laser Surgery (LASIK & PRK) on Symptoms of Depression, Stress Perception and Self-esteem in Adults (22-55). 2019

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Greenhouse L. Roberts Court Hears Its First Case in Federalism Debate. New York Times. 2005 Nov;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroepidemiology
AbbreviationNeuroepidemiology
ISSN (print)0251-5350
ISSN (online)1423-0208
ScopeEpidemiology
Clinical Neurology

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