How to format your references using the Neuroepidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroepidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lunt D. Palaeoclimate science: Causes and effects of Antarctic ice. Nature. 2014 Jul;511(7511):536–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smaglik P, Smith A. Biotech jobs are still around despite the recent bumpy ride. Nature. 2002 Jul;418(6893):4–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Caricchi L, Simpson G, Schaltegger U. Zircons reveal magma fluxes in the Earth’s crust. Nature. 2014 Jul;511(7510):457–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thompson J, Pisarczyk R, Kurzyński P, Kaszlikowski D. An experimental proposal for revealing contextuality in almost all qutrit states. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2706.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Häussler-Combe U. Computational Methods for Reinforced Concrete Structures. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2014.
An edited book
Niemann J, Tichkiewitch S, Westkämper E, editors. Design of Sustainable Product Life Cycles. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Beziau J-Y. Two Genuine 3-Valued Paraconsistent Logics. In: Akama S, editor. Towards Paraconsistent Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 35–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroepidemiology.

Blog post
Fang J. New Blood Test Forecasts Breast Cancer Risk [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Apr [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Economies Available Through Consolidating or Collocating Government Land-Based, High Frequency Communications Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy-Reid SK. Exploring the Habitus: A Phenomenological Study of Transformative Learning Processes. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Landler M. Trump Expected to Back NATO Mutual Aid Pledge. New York Times. 2017 May;A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroepidemiology
ISSN (print)0251-5350
ISSN (online)1423-0208
Clinical Neurology

Other styles