How to format your references using the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pendry JB. A chiral route to negative refraction. Science. 2004;306:1353–1355.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Marcus DM, Grollman AP. Science and government. Review for NCCAM is overdue. Science. 2006;313:301–302.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nasrallah ME, Liu P, Nasrallah JB. Generation of self-incompatible Arabidopsis thaliana by transfer of two S locus genes from A. lyrata. Science. 2002;297:247–249.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Li H, Yang B, Xing K, et al. A preliminary study of the relationship between breast cancer metastasis and loss of heterozygosity by using exome sequencing. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5460.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Epperlein PW. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Beckert M. Effects of Herbicide-Tolerant Crop Cultivation: Investigating the Durability of a Weed Management Tool. (Dessaux Y, ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Acchar W, Dultra EJV. Coffee Industry in Brazil. In: J. V. Dultra E, ed. Ceramic Materials from Coffee Bagasse Ash Waste. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:23–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. The Toba Supervolcano Has A Bigger Underground Magma Chamber Than Yellowstone. IFLScience. 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Electronic Disability Claims Processing: Social Security Administration’s Accelerated Strategy Faces Significant Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ross NJ. Facilitating shared understanding: A grounded theory for decision-making in pain management. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Otis J. Bypassing Stigma to Take Care of Herself and a Daughter Like Her. New York Times. 2016:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
AbbreviationInt. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
ISSN (print)0360-3016
ISSN (online)1879-355X
ScopeCancer Research
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles