How to format your references using the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Abbott A. One for all--and all for one. Nature. 2000;405:728.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Groisman A, Steinberg V V. Elastic turbulence in a polymer solution flow. Nature. 2000;405:53–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cello J, Paul AV, Wimmer E. Chemical synthesis of poliovirus cDNA: generation of infectious virus in the absence of natural template. Science. 2002;297:1016–1018.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Wang D, Mookherjee M, Xu Y, et al. The effect of water on the electrical conductivity of olivine. Nature. 2006;443:977–980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Barnes T. Constantine. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Halasz P. Dynamic Structure of NREM Sleep. (Bodizs R, ed.). London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cook* DL, Yung M, Keromytis AD. Elastic Block Ciphers in Practice: Constructions and Modes of Encryption. In: Siris V, Anagnostakis K, Ioannidis S, et al., eds. Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Computer Network Defense. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009:69–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Reintroduce Lynx? Fine, But We Must Control The Apex Predator. IFLScience. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Review of ROTC Consortium Agreement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Arab AA. Finite Element Modeling of Pretensioned Concrete Girders: A Methodological Approach with Applications in Large Strands and End Zone Cracking. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Banality and Trouble? They’re Neighbors. New York Times. 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
AbbreviationInt. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
ISSN (print)0360-3016
ISSN (online)1879-355X
ScopeCancer Research
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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