How to format your references using the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Owens B. Obesity: heavy sleepers. Nature. 2013;497:S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Spitale JN, Porco CC. Association of the jets of Enceladus with the warmest regions on its south-polar fractures. Nature. 2007;449:695–697.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Horváth J, Szalai I, De Kepper P. An experimental design method leading to chemical Turing patterns. Science. 2009;324:772–775.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Pagani M, Caldeira K, Berner R, et al. The role of terrestrial plants in limiting atmospheric CO(2) decline over the past 24 million years. Nature. 2009;460:85–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Charalambides CA. Combinatorial Methods in Discrete Distributions: Charalambides/Combinatorial. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Zhang W, Yang X, Xu Z, et al. eds. Advances on Digital Television and Wireless Multimedia Communications: 9th International Forum on Digital TV and Wireless Multimedia Communication, IFTC 2012, Shanghai, China, November 9-10, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Knaster S, Malik W, Dalrymple M. Composition. In: Malik W, Dalrymple M, eds. Learn Objective-C on the Mac: For iOS and OS X. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2012:67–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics.

Blog post
1. Evans K. B12 Deficiency In Mothers Raises Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes In Children. IFLScience. 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commuter Rail: Information and Guidance Could Help Facilitate Commuter and Freight Rail Access Negotiations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. O’Connell M. Escaping intersections. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hay G, Currie A. Barclays’ Appetite For a U.S. Bank. New York Times. 2010:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
AbbreviationInt. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
ISSN (print)0360-3016
ISSN (online)1879-355X
ScopeCancer Research
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles