How to format your references using the Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Flowers, The route to atomic and quantum standards, Science. 306 (2004) 1324–1330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Xue, D.H. Sherman, Alternative modular polyketide synthase expression controls macrolactone structure, Nature. 403 (2000) 571–575.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Debayle, B. Kennett, K. Priestley, Global azimuthal seismic anisotropy and the unique plate-motion deformation of Australia, Nature. 433 (2005) 509–512.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Lee, A. Benayad, T. Shin, H. Lee, D.-S. Ko, T.S. Kim, K.S. Son, M. Ryu, S. Jeon, G.-S. Park, Nanocrystalline ZnON; high mobility and low band gap semiconductor material for high performance switch transistor and image sensor application, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.B. Weller, H.J.A. Hunter, M.W. Mann, Clinical Dermatology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
M. Polini, G. Vignale, V. Pellegrini, J.K. Jain, eds., No-nonsense Physicist: An overview of Gabriele Giuliani’s work and life, Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Patrick, A. McDowell, Propionibacterium acnes: An Emerging Pathogen in Biomaterial-Associated Infection, in: T.F. Moriarty, S.A.J. Zaat, H.J. Busscher (Eds.), Biomaterials Associated Infection: Immunological Aspects and Antimicrobial Strategies, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 87–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports.

Blog post
T. Hale, Tech Giants Form Artificial Intelligence Supergroup, But Not Everyone’s In, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: Opportunities for Improving Acquisitions and Operations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.T. Glennie, Examining trust factor relationships in the online business-to-consumer environment, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, Left on Purpose, New York Times. (2017) C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemistry and Biophysics Reports
AbbreviationBiochem. Biophys. Rep.
ISSN (print)2405-5808

Other styles