How to format your references using the Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Cyranokski, Lack of infrastructure hampers virus monitoring, Nature. 427 (2004) 472.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Morriswood, G. Warren, Cell biology. Stalemate in the Golgi battle, Science. 341 (2013) 1465–1466.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Román-Leshkov, J.N. Chheda, J.A. Dumesic, Phase modifiers promote efficient production of hydroxymethylfurfural from fructose, Science. 312 (2006) 1933–1937.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G.A. Deluga, J.R. Salge, L.D. Schmidt, X.E. Verykios, Renewable hydrogen from ethanol by autothermal reforming, Science. 303 (2004) 993–997.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O. Ocic, Oil Refineries in the 21st Century, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2004.
An edited book
G.A. Tilley-Lubbs, S.B. Calva, eds., Re-Telling Our Stories: Critical Autoethnographic Narratives, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Zhao, J. Han, J. Lv, X. Jiang, X. Hu, S. Zhang, M.E. Lynch, C. Coles, L. Guo, X. Hu, T. Liu, A Multi-stage Sparse Coding Framework to Explore the Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure, in: S. Ourselin, L. Joskowicz, M.R. Sabuncu, G. Unal, W. Wells (Eds.), Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2016: 19th International Conference, Athens, Greece, October 17-21, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 28–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Jaw-Dropping Discovery Rewrites Evolutionary History of Vertebrates, IFLScience. (2013). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, International Trade: Concerns Over Biotechnology Challenge U.S. Agricultural Exports, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Mahmud, Comparing the Performance of Bottom-Moored and Unmanned Surface Vehicle Towed Passive Acoustic Monitoring Platforms for Marine Mammal Detections, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Barnes, In the Footsteps of Marvel, New York Times. (2012) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemistry and Biophysics Reports
AbbreviationBiochem. Biophys. Rep.
ISSN (print)2405-5808

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