How to format your references using the Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Ferrari, Oceanography: What goes down must come up, Nature. 513 (2014) 179–180.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Schliwa, G. Woehlke, Molecular motors, Nature. 422 (2003) 759–765.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.C. Sherwood, S. Bony, J.-L. Dufresne, Spread in model climate sensitivity traced to atmospheric convective mixing, Nature. 505 (2014) 37–42.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Sun, M. Ma, J. Yang, Y. Zhang, P. Chen, W. Huang, X. Dong, Phase-controlled synthesis of α-NiS nanoparticles confined in carbon nanorods for high performance supercapacitors, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Mazer, Shifting the Earth, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Y.H. Cho, I.S. Caleon, M. Kapur, eds., Authentic Problem Solving and Learning in the 21st Century: Perspectives from Singapore and Beyond, Springer, Singapore, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Wu, A New DVFS Algorithm Design for Multi-core Processor Chip, in: W. Xu, L. Xiao, J. Li, C. Zhang, Z. Zhu (Eds.), Computer Engineering and Technology: 20th CCF Conference, NCCET 2016, Xi’an, China, August 10-12, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Singapore, 2016: pp. 40–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Radio Telescope Shows Halos Are Common Around Spiral Galaxies, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: FBI Is Implementing Key Acquisition Methods on Its New Case Management System, but Related Agencywide Guidance Needs to Be Improved, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Carrillo, Parenting education curriculum for single adolescent mothers in foster care, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Kelly, A Top Goldman Veteran Gets Trump’s Attention on Jobs, Taxes and More, New York Times. (2017) A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemistry and Biophysics Reports
AbbreviationBiochem. Biophys. Rep.
ISSN (print)2405-5808

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