How to format your references using the International Journal of Quality Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Quality Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stuessy TF (2006) Evolutionary biology: Sympatric plant speciation in islands? Nature 443:E12; discussion E12-3
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chen W-P, Yang Z (2004) Earthquakes beneath the Himalayas and Tibet: evidence for strong lithospheric mantle. Science 304:1949–1952
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Castro-Camus E, Palomar M, Covarrubias AA (2013) Leaf water dynamics of Arabidopsis thaliana monitored in-vivo using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. Sci Rep 3:2910
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kachkanov V, Leung B, Song J, et al (2014) Structural dynamics of GaN microcrystals in Evolutionary Selection Selective Area Growth probed by X-ray microdiffraction. Sci Rep 4:4651

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gadd K (2011) TRIZ for Engineers: Enabling Inventive Problem Solving. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Martin-Gonzalez A, Uc-Cetina V (2016) Intelligent Computing Systems: First International Symposium, ISICS 2016, Mérida, México, March 16-18, 2016, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gauthier V, Marot M, Becker M (2007) Cross-Layer Interaction in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: A Practical Example. In: Ince AN, Bragg A (eds) Recent Advances in Modeling and Simulation Tools for Communication Networks and Services. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 105–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Quality Innovation.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2017) Mars Helicopter Drone Could Fly Across The Surface. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/mars-helicopter-drone-could-fly-across-the-surface/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2011) Freight Railroad Safety: Results of Rail Industry Survey about Hours of Service Issues (GAO-11-894SP, September 2011), an E-supplement to GAO-11-853. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ramotar-John BP (2014) Supplementing soybean meal with Camelina (Camelina sativa) in tilapia diets and optimizing commercial tilapia diets for use in intensive systems in the Western region of the United States. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK (2005) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Submarine Appeal In European Court. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Quality Innovation
AbbreviationInt. J. Qual. Innov.
ISSN (online)2363-7021
Scope

Other styles