How to format your references using the International Journal of Quality Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Quality Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Destler B (2008) A new relationship. Nature 453:853–854
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zhou Z, Zhang F (2004) A precocial avian embryo from the Lower Cretaceous of China. Science 306:653
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mulepati S, Héroux A, Bailey S (2014) Structural biology. Crystal structure of a CRISPR RNA-guided surveillance complex bound to a ssDNA target. Science 345:1479–1484
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Nicastro F, Kaastra J, Krongold Y, et al (2018) Observations of the missing baryons in the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Nature 558:406–409

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Baber RL (2011) The Language of Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Shi Y, Albada GD van, Dongarra J, Sloot PMA (2007) Computational Science – ICCS 2007: 7th International Conference, Beijing, China, May 27 - 30, 2007, Proceedings, Part IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Parker J, Lyzenga G, Norton C, et al (2008) Geophysical Finite-Element Simulation Tool (GeoFEST): Algorithms and Validation for Quasistatic Regional Faulted Crust Problems. In: Tiampo KF, Weatherley DK, Weinstein SA (eds) Earthquakes: Simulations, Sources and Tsunamis. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp 497–521

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Quality Innovation.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2017) Guy Makes An Insane 20-Foot Fire Tornado Machine In His Backyard. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/guy-makes-an-insane-20foot-fire-tornado-machine-in-his-backyard/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1987) FAA’s Preboard Passenger Screening Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Boucher D (2013) An action research project: Development of a pre-licensure examination review course for Emergency Medical Technician program graduates at a rural community college. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2002) A Glimpse of Vaudeville In a Renovated Movie House. New York Times 144

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Quality Innovation
AbbreviationInt. J. Qual. Innov.
ISSN (online)2363-7021
Scope

Other styles