How to format your references using the International Journal of Quality Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Quality Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dolan JR (2005) Marine ecology: different measures of biodiversity. Nature 433:E9; discussion E9
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yang T, Shadlen MN (2007) Probabilistic reasoning by neurons. Nature 447:1075–1080
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Van Valkenburgh B, Wang X, Damuth J (2004) Cope’s rule, hypercarnivory, and extinction in North American canids. Science 306:101–104
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zhang J, Zhao Y, Xu C, et al (2014) Association between serum free fatty acid levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a cross-sectional study. Sci Rep 4:5832

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Smed J, Hakonen H (2017) Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Gamble A (2013) Beginning Rails 4. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Armani F, Boscolo A, Bressanutti M, et al (2015) Development of a Novel Snom Probe for in Liquid Biological Samples. In: Compagnone D, Baldini F, Di Natale C, et al (eds) Sensors: Proceedings of the Second National Conference on Sensors, Rome 19-21 February, 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 23–26

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Quality Innovation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2017) Our ‘Selfish’ Genes Contain The Seeds Of Our Destruction – But There Might Be A Fix. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/our-selfish-genes-contain-the-seeds-of-our-destruction-but-there-might-be-a-fix/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1995) Coast Guard Cutters: Actions Needed Now to Ensure Better Management of Parts and Supplies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Stangl BL (2010) The mediation of cognitive task performance in post-menopausal women: An examination of the effects of DHEA upon cognition. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Davis JH (2017) A Complex Relationship Has an Abrupt Ending. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 1].
This sentence cites four references [1, 1, 1, 1].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Quality Innovation
AbbreviationInt. J. Qual. Innov.
ISSN (online)2363-7021
Scope

Other styles