How to format your references using the International Journal of Quality Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Quality Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Midgley GF (2012) Ecology. Biodiversity and ecosystem function. Science 335:174–175
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Knohl A, Veldkamp E (2011) Global change: indirect feedbacks to rising CO2. Nature 475:177–178
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Greiner J, Cuby JG, McCaughrean MJ (2001) An unusually massive stellar black hole in the Galaxy. Nature 414:522–525
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Staniewicz L, Vaudey T, Degrandcourt C, et al (2014) Electron tomography provides a direct link between the Payne effect and the inter-particle spacing of rubber composites. Sci Rep 4:7389

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bech S, Zacharov N (2006) Perceptual Audio Evaluation-Theory, Method and Application. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Holvoet T, Viroli M (2015) Coordination Models and Languages: 17th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, COORDINATION 2015, Held as Part of the 10th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2015, Grenoble, France, June 2-4, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Syme D, Granicz A, Cisternino A (2012) Introducing Imperative Programming. In: Granicz A, Cisternino A (eds) Expert F# 3.0. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 49–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Quality Innovation.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Ring of Stellar Fire Surrounds 12-Billion-Year-Old Galaxy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1992) Transportation Infrastructure: Urban Transportation Planning Can Better Address Modal Trade-offs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hartl SD (2012) The role of culture in managing diversity: How culturally based heuristics differ in minority and non-minority managerial decision making. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J (2017) A Global Bible Contest Serves as a Testament to Their Relationship. New York Times A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Quality Innovation
AbbreviationInt. J. Qual. Innov.
ISSN (online)2363-7021
Scope

Other styles