How to format your references using the Heart Failure Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart Failure Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Suresh S (2012) Research funding: Global challenges need global solutions. Nature 490:337–338
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lessard J, Sauvageau G (2003) Bmi-1 determines the proliferative capacity of normal and leukaemic stem cells. Nature 423:255–260
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
O’Riordan M, Moors MA, Portnoy DA (2003) Listeria intracellular growth and virulence require host-derived lipoic acid. Science 302:462–464
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Katayama I, Hirauchi K-I, Michibayashi K, Ando J-I (2009) Trench-parallel anisotropy produced by serpentine deformation in the hydrated mantle wedge. Nature 461:1114–1117

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Matthews C (1998) A Practical Guide to Engineering Failure Investigation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Gaspar-Cunha A, Henggeler Antunes C, Coello CC (2015) Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ohlin T (2015) Birth of Internet Ethics. In: Gram C, Rasmussen P, Østergaard SD (eds) History of Nordic Computing 4: 4th IFIP WG 9.7 Conference, HiNC 4, Copenhagen, Denmark, August 13-15, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 34–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart Failure Reviews.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2017) Infected Zombie Beetles Encourage Males To Have Sex With Their Corpses. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1980) Major Factors Inhibit Expansion of the School Breakfast Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Quintero MC (2017) Constructing a Clinical Research Data Management System. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Otis J (2017) A Mother Struggles Alone to Keep Her Family United. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart Failure Reviews
AbbreviationHeart Fail. Rev.
ISSN (print)1382-4147
ISSN (online)1573-7322
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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