How to format your references using the Heart Failure Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart Failure Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schmerr N (2012) The Gutenberg discontinuity: melt at the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary. Science 335:1480–1483
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hutvágner G, Zamore PD (2002) A microRNA in a multiple-turnover RNAi enzyme complex. Science 297:2056–2060
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sharp DJ, Rogers GC, Scholey JM (2000) Microtubule motors in mitosis. Nature 407:41–47
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Croll DA, Maron JL, Estes JA, et al (2005) Introduced predators transform subarctic islands from grassland to tundra. Science 307:1959–1961

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lieberman NP (2010) Process Engineering for a Small Planet. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Borangiu T, Dragoicea M, Nóvoa H (2016) Exploring Services Science: 7th International Conference, IESS 2016, Bucharest, Romania, May 25-27, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Neubert BJ, Scharfe W-D (2007) Laser Systems Beam Characteristics, Metrology, and Standards. In: Bachmann F, Loosen P, Poprawe R (eds) High Power Diode Lasers: Technology and Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp 181–213

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart Failure Reviews.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2015) How the Jesus Lizard Evolved. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-jesus-lizard-evolved/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2012) Passenger Rail Security: Consistent Incident Reporting and Analysis Needed to Achieve Program Objectives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Butler-Roberts J (2017) Fashioning distinction: construction of identity through dress and photography in nineteenth-century Paris. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C (2013) Texas Film: It’s Not Just About Slackers Anymore. New York Times A27B

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart Failure Reviews
AbbreviationHeart Fail. Rev.
ISSN (print)1382-4147
ISSN (online)1573-7322
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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