How to format your references using the International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parks, J. E., 2nd. (2010). Chemistry. Less costly catalysts for controlling engine emissions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5973), 1584–1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sundaram, J. K., & von Arnim, R. (2009). Economics. Trade liberalization and economic development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5911), 211–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hellweger, F. L., van Sebille, E., & Fredrick, N. D. (2014). Biogeographic patterns in ocean microbes emerge in a neutral agent-based model. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6202), 1346–1349.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Levin, V., Shapiro, N., Park, J., & Ritzwoller, M. (2002). Seismic evidence for catastrophic slab loss beneath Kamchatka. Nature, 418(6899), 763–767.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D. (2008). The JCT Intermediate Building Contracts 2005. Blackwell Publishing.
An edited book
Luo, Y. (Ed.). (2007). Cooperative Design, Visualization, and Engineering: 4th International Conference, CDVE 2007, Shanghai, China, September 16-20, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4674). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ambruster, C. W., Hull, A. B., Koch, R. H., & Mitchell, R. J. (2011). The Pierce-Blitzstein Photometer. In E. F. Milone & C. Sterken (Eds.), Astronomical Photometry: Past, Present, and Future (pp. 85–107). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, April 25). There Be Dragons? Creatures You Might Find On A Real Journey To The Centre Of The Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Protest Against Award for Computer System (B-178302). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lord, V. (2015). Defining eating disorder recovery: A qualitative approach [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2009, February 8). Skate, Sure, But Don’t Expect A Zamboni. New York Times, LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parks, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Parks, 2010; Sundaram & von Arnim, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sundaram & von Arnim, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Hellweger et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Levin et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Qual. Stud. Educ.
ISSN (print)0951-8398
ISSN (online)1366-5898

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