How to format your references using the International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coontz, R. (2008). Science CAREERS. Hydrogeologists tap into demand for an irreplaceable resource. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5890), 858–859.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J., & Norman, C. (2011). 2010 Visualization Challenge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6019), 847–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loope, D. B., Rowe, C. M., & Joeckel, R. M. (2001). Annual monsoon rains recorded by Jurassic dunes. Nature, 412(6842), 64–66.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Freeth, T., Jones, A., Steele, J. M., & Bitsakis, Y. (2008). Calendars with Olympiad display and eclipse prediction on the Antikythera Mechanism. Nature, 454(7204), 614–617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bill Huitt, W. M. (2016). Bioprocessing Piping and Equipment Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Par, G., & Morrow, P. (Eds.). (2011). Sensor Systems and Software: Second International ICST Conference, S-Cube 2010, Miami, FL, USA, December 13-15, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 57). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cauduro, A., Nicola, A. D., Fonio, C., Nuvoloni, A., & Ruspini, P. (2009). Innocent When You Dream Clients and Trafficked Women in Italy. In A. D. Nicola, A. Cauduro, M. Lombardi, & P. Ruspini (Eds.), Prostitution and Human Trafficking: Focus on Clients (pp. 31–66). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, August 6). Surfing Seal Will Make Your Day. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Overstatement of Contract Target Costs for F-1 Rocket Engines for Saturn V Launch Vehicle (B-167838). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro Deller, E. (2013). Recognizing signs of dementia: A curriculum for child welfare workers [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. (2015, November 22). Turkey and Trimmings, Without Dishes to Do. New York Times, LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coontz, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Coontz, 2008; Nesbit & Norman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit & Norman, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Loope et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Freeth et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Qual. Stud. Educ.
ISSN (print)0951-8398
ISSN (online)1366-5898

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