How to format your references using the Health Economics, Policy and Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Economics, Policy and Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyun, I. (2014), ‘Policy: Regulate embryos made for research’, Nature, 509(7498): 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Velicogna, I. and Wahr, J. (2006), ‘Measurements of time-variable gravity show mass loss in Antarctica’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5768): 1754–1756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Euston, D. R., Tatsuno, M. and McNaughton, B. L. (2007), ‘Fast-forward playback of recent memory sequences in prefrontal cortex during sleep’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5853): 1147–1150.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Mao, W. L., Mao, H.-K., Sturhahn, W., Zhao, J., Prakapenka, V. B., Meng, Y., Shu, J., Fei, Y. and Hemley, R. J. (2006), ‘Iron-rich post-perovskite and the origin of ultralow-velocity zones’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5773): 564–565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grinshpan, L. (2012), Solving Enterprise Applications Performance Puzzles. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Capasso, V. (2015), An Introduction to Continuous-Time Stochastic Processes: Theory, Models, and Applications to Finance, Biology, and Medicine. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Megha, S., Basu, U., Rahman, M. H. and Kav, N. N. V. (2015), ‘The Role of Long Non-coding RNAs in Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants’, in G. K. Pandey (ed.), Elucidation of Abiotic Stress Signaling in Plants: Functional Genomics Perspectives, Volume 2. New York, NY: Springer, 93–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Economics, Policy and Law.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017), ‘Lost Medieval City Discovered On England-Wales Border’, IFLScience. IFLScience. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998), District of Columbia: Chronology of Events Related to the Metropolitan Police Use of $15 Million Appropriation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, R. L. (2015), ‘Models for the Interaction of Structured Populations and the Environment’. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007), ‘Few Voters Show Up to Elect Two Democrats’, New York Times, 1 April, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyun, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hyun, 2014; Velicogna and Wahr, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Velicogna and Wahr, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Mao et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Economics, Policy and Law
AbbreviationHealth Econ. Policy Law
ISSN (print)1744-1331
ISSN (online)1744-134X
ScopeHealth Policy

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