How to format your references using the Health Economics, Policy and Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Economics, Policy and Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Browne, J. (2008), ‘Birthdays to remember’, Nature, 456(7220): 324–325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cook-Deegan, R. M. and McCormack, S. J. (2001), ‘Intellectual property. Patents, secrecy, and DNA’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528): 217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brandes, M., Willimann, K. and Moser, B. (2005), ‘Professional antigen-presentation function by human gammadelta T Cells’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5732): 264–268.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Gibson, Q. D., Evtushinsky, D., Yaresko, A. N., Zabolotnyy, V. B., Ali, M. N., Fuccillo, M. K., et al. (2014), ‘Quasi one dimensional Dirac electrons on the surface of Ru₂Sn₃’, Scientific reports, 4: 5168.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin, C., Escobar, F. and Serradj, A. (2010), Cartography and the Impact of the Quantitative Revolution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jünger, M. and Reinelt, G., eds (2013), Facets of Combinatorial Optimization: Festschrift for Martin Grötschel. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, S., Wang, H., Wang, F. and Shi, J. (2009), ‘Reliability-Based Collaborative Design Platform for Hydraulic Actuation System’, in M. Tomovic and S. Wang (eds), Product Realization: A Comprehensive Approach. Boston, MA: Springer US, 1–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Economics, Policy and Law.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014), ‘Molten Aluminum Makes Casts of Ant Nest’, IFLScience. IFLScience. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999), Commercial Maritime Industry: Updated Information on Federal Assessments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, L. (2017), ‘Modeling, Estimation and Approximation in Structured Models’. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017), ‘A Drug Dealer’s Heart Turns Hard’, New York Times, 3 July, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Browne, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Browne, 2008; Cook-Deegan and McCormack, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cook-Deegan and McCormack, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Gibson et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Economics, Policy and Law
AbbreviationHealth Econ. Policy Law
ISSN (print)1744-1331
ISSN (online)1744-134X
ScopeHealth Policy

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